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One of the social errors I am most effected by is social expectations. Everyday I expect to
have happiness with material gestures. Society deems me to react with emotion to expect
material possessions in order to be happy. On social media its always expected for the most
elite to be recognized. To overcome the exceptions you give yourself according to society
and what individuals think of you is socially acceptable, its only right to accept what is
morally justifiable and comfortable for yourself.The pressure of society cannot be handled
by one person. you live life in doing what makes an individual comfortable. I have seen
Facebook friends converse on topics that expect individuals to think its true based on past
situations that deemed it to be true for some but not all. Logical fallacies can be a trick that
anyone can fall into because its logical reasoning that anyone can relate to from one way or
another. Conversations Pertaining to all men cheat therefore women should stay single.
Assumptions of topics as such are less likely to influence my way of reasoning with that
statement simply because its just someones opinion of others and how they feel, not a way
of truth. I believe that 1 out of the 4 social errors effect me the most is conformity. I go
against socialite views very often. I do what's makes me comfortable rather it's going in
public with my hair tied or wearing shades at night. I do believe that it is time for me to
work on going with socialite views, so I won't be known as the wild girl once I enter the
professional world. Pity fallacy would describe me all the way around. I use this daily when
trying to persuade my fiance or parents to get me things or to go along with one of my crazy
plans.Critical thinking can help me not to be influenced by fallacy because I know what to
look for. Fallacy to me is like selling an unattainable fantasy, and making a profit from
it.The concept that was interesting to me was fallacy. I knew that adds made things seem
better than what they are but I did not know that it was a term for it. I also did not know that
I used fallacies myself, on a daily basis. I think of the four social errors I self-sabotage
myself with the social expectancy. I tend to put a lot of pressure on myself when it comes to
accomplishments, which then affects me in being unsuccessful. For many years I battled
with myself about my age and where I should be at different age points. When I realized I
was not meeting those milestones for one reason or another (not always negative) I put more
and more pressure on myself until I could not lead myself in a good direction anymore. I
think we expect a lot from ourselves because we are constantly in a silent competition with
others. We are influenced day in and day out with fitness, celebrity, having a degree will
make you rich, society instills these ideas in us subconsciously. Overcoming this social error
is about being aware. Knowing when you are having these negative feelings and ideas and
reversing that. Having an open mind and finding people with similar stories and
understanding that everybody is different, everybody has their own purpose, and everybody
travels a different journey.
I think I have experienced a long list of fallacy usage at one point or another. I definitely can
remember using the popular appeal fallacy when asked a question in my group at work in
regards to politics. I do not follow much of politics, but in our group we had some hardcore
political people whom had a high interest and involvement in politics. When asked about my
opinions about the issues they have discussed, I simply agreed, I did not want to appear as if
I had no clue, and in reality I had not an ounce of clue what they were talking about. Peer
pressure played into this to form my response.
I found it most interesting that not only were we given definitions to these fallacies or
"social mistakes/biases" but we are also given a section on "Strategies to Avoid Fallacies".
This was interesting to me because it put these ideas of building self confidence and self
knowledge into perspective. Ideas that we would assume to carry, I realize that
subconsciously I lose these self knowledge skills, due to outside opinions, and popular
appeals. The social barrier that I have an issue the most with would have to be “One of Us /
One of Them. I struggle with the way that I am looked at sometimes when I go to certain
parts of town where someone may be richer or poorer than I am. I feel like I am always
judged. The way that I need to overcome this is by having more of an open mind. Also, not
believing all the stereotypes that are given to people a lot of the time.
The most recent fallacy I have witnessed is an unwarranted assumption fallacy, involving
covid-19. So many different things were said about how the virus started without actually
having hard evidence. The best way for me to be less likely to be influenced by arguments
that are based on fallacies and faulty reasoning is by doing a thorough investigation and
research all the information before coming to a conclusion.
While doing the learning activities this week I found out there is an action called a fallacy. I
never knew there was even such a thing. Plus, the different types of fallacies were
interesting to me as well. I do find it a bit confusing determining some examples of
determining if the statement is bias or a fallacy. They can be so similar in some situations. Is
there a handy way to making sure you fully can tell the difference between the two?. I feel
like i'm affected in some way by all four Social Errors and Biases but out of all four i'm
mostly affected by the One of us/One of them. To over come this I think i would need to
research all issues that I hear about myself instead of going with what everyone is saying
and educate myself. A Fallacy is something that appears to be truthful until actual research
is done and proven other wise. I've seen people judge others by their appearance and
couldn't be further from the truth. Critical thinking will assist me because ill know to not
jump to conclusion and use reason to see every angle of each situation. Out of all the
learning activities, concepts, ideas, and topics we covered this week Learning and discussing
fallacies was the most interesting part of this weeks lesson, its amazing because ive seen it
happen so many times and never knew it was a particular name for it i just assumed that the
writer or person publishing the info just simply got it wrong. I think I am most affected by
conformity. In today's world we have so many social norms and what ever society believes
is correct. Sometimes Its hard to look away from that. To overcome it I could try just being
open minded and understanding towards others. As far as fallacies, I don't think I've ever
really used it. I know there are lot people on YouTube that uses fallacies. I watch YouTube
all the time and its annoying to see a click bait title. And then the video is completely
different and a total lie. So i understand the use of it, But i think the only time I've ever used
fallacies was in my younger ages. Of course i would say little fibs to get what i wanted. But
as an adult i see that doesn't really benefit me in anyway.I think i learned a few new things
but I have always had trouble understanding the difference between being biased and
unbiased. When i was younger i would get them mixed up i just couldn't get it. I don't know
what it was that kept confusing me but it was hard for me to remember what was what. And
now i staill have a little confusion on that. This lesson helped as a refresher, but i just have
to keep that information stuck in my head. The social errors/biases in the book that I think
am most affected by is One of us/one of them. What I can do to overcome this social
error/bias is I can work toward minimizing this error in my thinking by first critically
evaluating the situation and then consciously reprogramming my brains to come up with
new, more reasonable definitions of who it is that i view as “us” by seeking a more
immediate and inclusive basis for a connection. A fallacy is a mistaken belief, especially one
based on unsound argument, the reasons or evidence given in support of a particular
conclusion or position may be mistaken, or the evidence may not support the conclusion.
One fallacy i have personally used or seen in an argument is fallacy of division, Critical
thinking skills will make me less likely to be influenced by arguments that are based on
fallacies and faulty reasoning by being able to distinguish when someone is using a fallacies
in their argument also by using it in a way where it is harder for someone to tell I am using
a fallacy. A learning activities, concepts, ideas, and topics covered this week that is most
interesting activity or concept i learned this week is fallacies and how they are used in
everyday arguments. I think that the social error/bias that affects me most is conformity.
Perhaps I have always been somewhat of a non-conformist! I can think of quite a few
examples of how conformity affects my everyday life. I am 65 years old, and most of my
friends are around the same age that I am. You cannot imagine the questioning looks and
“friendly” advice that I received when I announced my intention to go back to school last
winter. Attending college simply is not something that people expect senior citizens to do.
Another example of this is that most of my friends and family members are conservative
Republicans, while I am a liberal Democrat. I’m often on the receiving end of group
pressure to alter my views, especially lately since we are in an election year. To overcome
group pressure and conformity, the most important thing is that I am confident in my beliefs
and my decisions. If I feel in my heart that I am doing the right thing, I will gladly listen to
the opinions of others and I will remain open-minded, but I will not be pushed into changing
my thoughts or decisions. I think that the fallacy of division has become very prevalent in
modern American society. Ever since September 11, 2001, I can easily find the fallacy of
division in use simply by turning on my TV. Because some Muslims are violent extremists,
an overwhelming number of American citizens believe that all Muslims are like that.
Obviously, this is untrue, but many Americans will not accept the idea that Muslims can be
normal and even good people. Critical thinking enables us to avoid the fallacy of division.
Open-mindedness is a requirement of critical thinking. If we are open-minded, we can
accept the fact that people can practice a religion without having negative characteristics
simply because a few people of that religion have negative characteristics. I thought that it
was interesting to learn about all of the different fallacies this week. During my lifetime, I
have seen these fallacies used again and again. Before taking this course, I just didn’t have a
name for what I was seeing. Sometimes, it seems like society has finally laid a particular
fallacy to rest only to see it resurrected in a few months or a few years with a new twist. I
believe the “one of us/one of them” is a bias that comes up daily. We tend to over simplify
issues, and polarize concepts. Often times people don’t want to hear your stance on an issue,
they want to fast-forward to the end so they can hear “progressive” or “conservative”. We as
human beings are more nuanced, much more complicated than broad brush strokes can
paint. I try to stay open minded as much as possible, I myself am not without fault.
The “ad hominem fallacy” seems to follow us form grade school all the way through our
entire lives. At a point when one side cannot find a reasonable response to facts, they attack
the person instead. Making statements that tear down a presenter top then make the point
everything they have stated must also be wrong. Clearly knowing that someone has to stoop
so low makes me reason that the person committing the ad hominem fallacy has something
to fear.
Logical fallacies have been an interesting topic for skeptics. Having a healthy thirst to ask
questions often leads to a good skill of spotting logical fallacies. An appeal to nature fallacy
being one of my all time dreaded arguments. Same as the appeal to age fallacy, these often
used to reinforce ancient remedies or homeopathic medicine. The four social errors and
biases mentioned in the highlights area in chapter 4 are "one of us/one of them", social
expectations, group pressure and conformity, and diffusion of responsibility. Throughout my
experiences, I have been most effected by group pressure and conformity. I believe this
because I know for a fact if it wasn't for peer pressure I wouldv'e never tried alcohol or
marijuana. In my opinion, I think this is the most common social error/baises that affect not
only our youth, but everyone in general. Now that I am older and more mature it is easier to
not fall into these types of traps. I wasn't able to get back on track with school and life until
after I stopped associating with these types of friend groups.
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