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Research Paper: Part 1 – Cases Summary Instructions
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Strayer University
CRJ 310 - Law Enforcement Operations and Management
Research Paper: Part 1 – Cases Summary Instructions
Since 1963, a series of United States Supreme Court case decisions have clarified that
in+criminal+cases, prosecutors must disclose to the defense evidence favorable to the defendant.
This includes information that may be used to impeach the credibility of government witnesses,
including+law+enforcement officers. These decisions mean that police officers who have
documented histories of lying in official matters are liabilities to their agencies, and these
histories may render them unable to testify credibly.+
Summarize the main issues that are involved in the following United States Supreme Court
cases. You must have pages, not including your title page.+
Roe v. Wade - Abortion Rights and Privacy:
1. What constitutional issue did Roe v. Wade address, and how did the case contribute to
the legal standards surrounding abortion rights and the right to privacy?
Roe v. Wade was a landmark case in the United States that addressed the constitutional issue of a
woman's right to choose to have an abortion. The case was decided by the Supreme Court in
1973, and it dealt with a Texas law that criminalized abortion except on medical advice to save
the life of the mother.
The central constitutional issue in Roe v. Wade was whether a state law that banned or severely
restricted access to abortion was constitutional, considering a woman's right to privacy. The
Supreme Court, in a 7-2 decision, held that a woman has a constitutional right to choose to have
an abortion under the right to privacy implied by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth
Amendment.
The decision established a trimester framework for regulating abortion:
First Trimester: The state could not regulate or prohibit abortion, as the decision to abort was
solely between a woman and her doctor.
Second Trimester: The state could regulate abortion to protect the woman's health.
Third Trimester: The state could regulate or prohibit abortion, except when necessary to preserve
the life or health of the mother.
This framework provided a balance between a woman's right to choose and the state's interest in