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Research Paper: Part 1 – Cases Summary Instructions
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Strayer University
CRJ 310 - Law Enforcement Operations and Management
Research Paper: Part 1 – Cases Summary Instructions
Since 1963, a series of United States Supreme Court case decisions have clarified that
in+criminal+cases, prosecutors must disclose to the defense evidence favorable to the defendant.
This includes information that may be used to impeach the credibility of government witnesses,
including+law+enforcement officers. These decisions mean that police officers who have
documented histories of lying in official matters are liabilities to their agencies, and these
histories may render them unable to testify credibly.+
Summarize the main issues that are involved in the following United States Supreme Court
cases. You must have pages, not including your title page.+
New York Times v. United States (Pentagon Papers Case) - Freedom of the Press:
1. What constitutional issue did New York Times v. United States address, and how did
the case contribute to the legal standards surrounding freedom of the press and prior
restraint?
New York Times Co. v. United States, often referred to as the "Pentagon Papers case," addressed
the constitutional issue of prior restraint and freedom of the press. The case arose when the
Nixon administration attempted to prevent The New York Times and The Washington Post from
publishing classified documents related to the government's decision-making process during the
Vietnam War, known as the Pentagon Papers.
In a landmark decision, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the newspapers, holding that the
government's attempt to prevent publication through prior restraint violated the First
Amendment's protection of freedom of the press. The Court reasoned that the government failed
to meet the heavy burden of proof required to justify prior restraint, especially in cases involving
matters of national security. The decision reinforced the principle that the government cannot
censor or restrain publication unless it can demonstrate a compelling reason, such as a clear and
imminent danger to national security.
New York Times v. United States thus set a significant precedent that strengthened protections
for freedom of the press and established strict standards for when prior restraint can be
constitutionally justified. It underscored the importance of allowing the press to function as a
watchdog, especially concerning matters of public interest and government accountability. This
case remains a crucial reference point in discussions about the balance between national security