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Southern New Hampshire University
CJ-210 The U.S. Correctional System
Modules 1-8 Overview
Module 1 Overview
In this course, you will focus on the corrections component of the criminal justice system. In
addition to learning about today’s system, you will also learn about the history of corrections in
the United States, as well as consider some of the potential shifts that may be coming in the
future. You will explore the people, processes, and jurisdictions of both penal and community
options. Also, you will focus on increasingly important topics regarding race, gender, and age,
such as prison sexual violence, the “invisible punishment” of felony convictions, and
considerations around juvenile corrections. Finally, you will consider different rehabilitation
programs and how to decrease recidivism. You will explore careers in corrections, and store
class-related documents in your ePortfolio that will help you in your problem-solving class at the
end of this program.
Module One gives foundational knowledge about the purposes of sentencing and punishment:
deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, incapacitation, and restitution. The terms sentencing and
punishment are often used interchangeably in the field and in this course, as sentencing is the
way punishment is administered. Additionally, you will also explore grant writing and a
statement of need as this relates to the project assignment. Finally, you will participate in a
discussion in which you will introduce yourself to the class and share ideas about the future of
each purpose of sentencing.
Module 2 Overview
In the previous module, you learned about the different goals of sentencing. In this module, you
will study the reasons behind the recent surge in incarceration rates in the United States and the
different types of sentencing structures, which heavily impact incarceration rates. In the
discussion, you will look at the impacts of mandatory sentencing, and in the Module Two
assignment, you will explore ideologies and/or purposes of punishment.
Module 3 Overview
In the previous two modules, you learned foundational pieces about corrections, including
incarceration rates, sentencing structures, and the varied goals of punishment. In this module,
you will examine the daily workings of a prison. The journal assignment asks you to consider
career options in regard to corrections, and the discussion requires an analysis of the differences
between our culture’s values and those of inmate code.
Module 4 Overview
In the last module, you learned about the people who operate correctional facilities and the
processes used in correctional facilities. You also learned about specific aspects of prison
culture. In this module, you will learn about the organizational and physical structure of
corrections facilities as well as the jurisdictions of each type of correctional strategy.
Module 5 Overview
In the last module, you learned about the organizational and physical structure of corrections
facilities as well as the jurisdictions of each type of correctional strategy. In this module, you will
learn about how felony convictions create an unintended “invisible punishment.” You will also
learn about the racial and ethnic diversity of prison populations.
Module 6 Overview
In the last module, you learned about how felony convictions create an unintended “invisible
punishment.” You also learned about the racial and ethnic diversity of prison populations. In this
module, you will learn about gender diversity in prison populations, and identify how federal
policies have impacted sexual violence in corrections.
Module 7 Overview
In the last module, you learned about about gender diversity in prison populations and identified
how federal policies have impacted sexual violence in corrections. In this module, you will learn
about age-related diversity in correctional facilities and how prison programs foster
rehabilitation. You will need to apply what you read in this module to your project.
Module 8 Overview
This course has introduced you to corrections and the many issues facing the correctional system
in the United States. In this module, you will explore what can be done to reduce recidivism. At
the end, you will discuss this topic with your peers.
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