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Module 3-1 Journal: The Intake Process
Taylor Heger
Southern New Hampshire University
CJ-210 The United States Correctional System
Shane Smith
01/22/2023
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The Intake Process for Federal Prisons
Explore the intake process for prisoners in this type of prison. Describe this process in 50 to
100 words.
Upon entering prison, an inmate’s initial introduction is typically in a classification hub where
they are assessed and given an array of psychological and intellectual tests. Further, they are
gauged on the premise of their history, offense background, temperament, and any treatment
necessities. As a result of this information, an offender is then allocated to pertinent custody
categorization and prison. Violent convicts, notorious gang members, or repeat offenders, for
example, are commonly sent to max security units. Once transferred to the facility, “they are
stripped, searched, showered, and assigned living quarters” (Siegel, 2017, p. 188). This is when
part two of the process begins, and offenders quickly realize they must adjust to incarceration if
they want to survive.
Then, describe the administrative needs these prisons have. In 100 to 150 words, answer
each of the following:
What types of personnel are needed to effectively run this prison type?
“The federal training centers do an able job of creating an esprit de corps among
institutional personnel. Rotating top administrative staff every two or three years also
seem to help maintain a high level of professionalism that reduces stagnation and
burnout.” (Siegel, 2017, p. 163) The individual fundamentally responsible for everything
that takes place within the prison is the warden. The warden assigns responsibility to
assistant wardens for safeguarding and program services. Underneath associate wardens
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are middle managers and line staff that handle the assorted domains within their
department of authority. All are critical players to maintain order within the prison walls.
Are there populations of prisoners within this institution that require specific care?
Special offense inmates and special needs inmates are populations within prisons that
require specific care. Special offense and special needs inmates include substance-
involved offenders, sex offenders, inmates with HIV, prisoners with chronic mental
health issues, and elderly inmates. While there are several programs implemented for
inmates that suffer from substance abuse, there are problems associated with substance-
involved inmates. For example, a person that comes into prison addicted to alcohol or
narcotics may experience severe withdrawal which can send them into shock, cardiac
arrest, kidney failure, and even hallucinations. As for sex offenders, such as child
molesters and pedophiles, there has been difficulty for many years for this population in
adjusting to incarceration. Typically, unless placed in protective custody, they are at risk
of being sexually assaulted or even killed. Inmate populations include a high number of
individuals that are a part of AIDS risk groups, especially if they were IV drug users. The
problem with inmates that have HIV is that they are placed in with the general
population. This raises certain questions: 1) Should inmates with AIDS be hospitalized,
segregated, or paroled? 2) Should prison officials be made aware when an offender tests
positive? and 3) Does teaching inmates the importance of safe sex and needle hygiene
condone sexual behavior and drug use while incarcerated? Further issues include “the
view of the HIPPA health privacy act, there is a prohibition of sharing HIV status of
offenders with line officers and the implications of this problem for corrections staff”
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(Siegel, 2017, p. 327). Then there are inmates who suffer from chronic mental health
conditions. The prison population consists of several individuals that have mental
illnesses. Sadly, for many, they end up on the street or in the criminal justice system. As a
result, they receive mental health treatment in prison instead of hospitals or treatment
centers. Presently, there are more than 125,000 inmates that are aged 50 and over. The
rise in elderly inmates is a result of longer sentences such as truth-in sentencing,
mandatory minimums, and three-strikes laws. Elderly inmates are especially vulnerable
and demand special attention regarding medical treatment, housing, nourishment, and
institutional exercise.
What resources are or should be made available to administrators?
As stated previously, the warden is the individual that is primarily responsible for the
happenings within the prison. This means that they are also expected to establish training
programs for new staff and to make alterations in job positions when deemed necessary.
A major issue faced by the department of corrections is that they “often have
underdeveloped programming, insufficient prison industries for inmates, and lack of
resources for anything other than prison construction” (Siegel, 2017, p. 164).
What resources are or should be made available to prisoners?
The Bureau of Prisons proposes an array of programs for inmates. One being residential
drug treatment programs. “In one study, individuals released to the community for at
least six months after they completed the federal drug residence program were 73 percent
less likely to be arrested for a new offense and 44 percent less likely to test positive for
drug use, when compared to inmates who did not complete the program.” (Siegel, 2017,
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p. 163) Additionally, the Bureau of Prisons has programs that allow inmates to get their
general equivalency diploma (GED), vocational training and other educational programs,
and life skills programs. However, the principle of least eligibility conflicts with the
emphasis of treatment and occupational training in a prison environment. It states that
“prisoners should receive no better services than the general public receives. It means that
the least advantaged in society should have a better life than do prisoners” (Siegel, 2017,
p. 228). This is especially problematic for inmates that have chronic mental health
conditions. “Treatment has been less than adequate and services for inmates with mental
illness have been highly criticized.” (Siegel, 2017, p. 330)
Finally, in 100 to 150 words, describe how these processes and administrative needs affect
the rights of prisoners.
What are inmate rights? “Inmates must be given all the rights conferred on them by law,
including due process rights, but their status as convicted felons has caused them to lose certain
rights that free citizens have, including freedom and the ability to come and go as they wish.”
(Siegel, 2017, p. 229) Be that as it may, attaining rights and engineering them are oftentimes two
separate controversies. Just because there are constitutional rights that are supposed to be granted
to inmates, this does not necessarily mean this is what always happens. For example, this is
particularly evident when referring to the judicial policy known as the hands-off doctrine. In
short, this is the idea that “people sentenced to prison are not entitled to the same constitutional
protections they enjoyed before conviction” (Siegel, 2017, p. 232). The hands-off doctrine has
utilized three general “rationalizations” for their carelessness of prison conditions: society as a
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collective was indifferent to what goes on in prisons and prefer to not know about offenders;
correctional administration is best left to the experts versus courts; and that prisoners’ complaints
were mostly related to privileges rather than rights (Siegel, 2017).
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References
Siegel, L. J. (2017). Corrections Today, 4
th
Edition. Cengage Learning.
https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/books/9781337514859
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