identify the poetic devices 

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Two Sides, One Coin

The drum beat syllables that pound out the frustrations and sadness of Esther Belin’s “Night Travel” create a background song that compliments the courageous fear and longing of Laura Da’s “Vantage”. These women are both Native American, both have been distant victims of government relocation, yet they are of different tribes and are from different regions of the country. Though they lead different lives, through writing styles and familiar themes Da’ and Belin’s works compliment one another to paint a broader picture of the female experience.

Youth, Death and Beyond

Robert Frost, an American poet, is known to incorporate his tragic view of life into his poems. While a fruitful debate might ensue from questioning whether Robert Frost has looked out far or in depth sufficiently to warrant his position as major poet, praise for his craftsmanship has been almost universal (“Appropriate Tool”). Amid many of his great poems, “The Road Not Taken” and “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” are two poems that are analyzed separately but not often compared. They both delineate beautiful scenes in the woods and revolve around the concept of making a choice. Robert Frost’s poems “The Road Not Taken” and “Stopping by the Woods on a Snowy Evening” use vivid imagery, personification, and symbolic descriptions to show the correlation between the poet’s natural surroundings and his inner conscience.

The Passing of Time

Robert Herrick was a seventeenth-century English love poet and a parish priest for nearly twenty years (Ketteler). During this time, many English poets embraced the idea of “carpe diem” or “seize the day” in their works. Herrick was no different, but where he “differs from his contemporaries is in his use of Christianity blended with traditional Pagan rituals” (Ketteler). On the other hand, John Keats, an eighteenth-century poet, studied medicine in a London hospital to become a surgeon but turned away from medicine to become a writer. Both poets led very different lives but were similar in one aspect; both poets utilize nature as a method to meet their “artistic ends” (Moran). Both Herrick and Keats emphasize the importance of taking advantage of time, embracing youth and fruitfulness, and basically accepting that death is inevitable. Despite the similarities in themes, their use of imagery and personification as a means of emphasizing their points are quite different.

Death of a Defiance

William E. Stafford portrays death in his poem “A Message to the Wanderer” as a widely avoided topic because of its uncomfortable nature, but he also encourages the audience with the freedom that comes with accepting it and allowing oneself to embrace the inevitability. Robert Frost in his poem “After Apple Picking”, in contrast, does not focus on encouraging others to accept death and rejoice, but simply accepts it himself and quietly nods to Death as a signal of a welcoming. Both Stafford and Frost expressed with strong conviction their respective discoveries on death through allegories. For Stafford it was a prison cell, and for Frost, the act of apple picking. They each chose to illustrate their story using nature and a sincere tone, further emphasizing that death is, and will forever be, simply part of life.

On Nature and Obligation

The gentle swaying of the leaves amidst the crisp wintry air; a breath-taking display of nature brashly interrupted by pressing thoughts and demanding obligations. Oftentimes, people have important duties that cause them to miss out on nature’s stunning beauty. Robert Frost, an American poet in the twentieth century, is known for his poems that “show deep appreciation of the natural world” (Robert Frost Biography). Accordingly, he highlights this reverence for nature and the commitments that keep us from nature in his poems “Birches” and “Stopping by the Woods on a Snowy Evening.” Throughout each poem, Frost uses stanza organization, rhyme scheme, tone and symbols to illuminate the struggle between the human world and the world of nature.