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Week 7: Quantitative Research Study Critique
University of Walden
SOCW 6301
April 16,2023
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The selected article "Practices of Exclusion and Injustices within social work
education" by Norah Hosken emphasizes the marginalized student's experiences and the
impact of injustice and exclusion on their learning experiences (Hosken, 2018). Both
qualitative and quantitative study approach is involved in this study, with a critical
discourse analysis approach to determine the experiences of marginalized students in
social work education. Norah Hosken's quantitative research study identifies the
practices of injustices and exclusion within social work education. This research study
is evaluated based on the survey of 130 social work students. It has been found that
these social work students have some important areas of concern, like marginalization,
discrimination, and a lack of cultural competence training. The author argues that
social work education must address these issues to promote social justice in the social
work profession and to prepare students for work in different communities. However,
this research study has some critiques that small sample size is used to conduct the
research, i.e., 130 students. In addition, this research study emphasizes one specific
geographical location that has limited its generalizability to other contexts.
Title and Authors
The article titled "Practices of Exclusion and Injustices within social work
education" is observed and analyzed, and identified so that it accurately describes the
main focus of the research study. This research study explores how social injustice
and inequality can act as a major barriers and adversely impact the social work
education of students in the social work domain (Hosken, 2018). It is one of the
major concerns in the social work research field. While looking into the creditability
of the author, Norah Hosken is not a popular name in social work research. However,
it has been identified that she is a social work lecturer in the UK. There is no
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indication of her previous publications and research work, but her academic affiliation
shows that she has the qualifications and expertise to conduct social work research
work. Even though she is not a popular figure, her position in academia reflects her
creditability as a social work expert.
Literature Review
The literature cited in the article "Practices of Exclusion and Injustices within
social work education" gives a context to understand the issues of injustices and
exclusions in social work education. Hosken also drives some previous research to
highlight different ways in which marginalized students experience unequal treatment
or discrimination in educational settings. These kinds of practices can have a great
impact on the student's career prospects, academic performance, and mental health.
The author also showcases how her research study is different from earlier research
studies by emphasizing social work students' experiences from diverse backgrounds. It
has also highlighted the power dynamics' role in shaping educational settings and how
these dynamics are influencing injustices and exclusion. This article aims to add to the
knowledge base by focusing on the requirement for more equitable and inclusive
social work education practices. Hosken gives recommendations to create more
supportive and welcoming learning settings for all students, regardless of their identity
or background.
Strategy of Research
This quantitative research study used exploratory and descriptive studies rather
than focusing on the explanatory. It is basically a conceptual research paper that draws
on existing research to identify the issues of injustices and exclusion within social
work education. The research strategy perfectly aligns with the research question -
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how social injustice and inequality can act as a major barrier and adversely impact the
social work education of students in the social work domain (Hosken, 2018).
Methodological Approach and Design
In general, a quantitative approach involves analyzing and collecting numerical
data to test hypotheses or research questions (Turale, 2020). This approach is
considered to be often appropriate for research questions that need to compare
populations or groups or to measure the relationship between variables. However, it
has been identified that this approach is not suitable for research questions as it needs
a deeper understanding of social processes or subjective experiences that may be better
addressed through a qualitative approach. It has been identified that the specific
selected research design must be aligned with the hypotheses and research question to
effectively address the research aims with collected data. The article "Practices of
Exclusion and Injustices within social work education" by Norah Hosken is a
combination of both qualitative and quantitative data approaches, which is more
appropriate to grab an in-depth understanding of the marginalized individual's
experiences in social work education.
Threats to Internal Validity
The article "Practices of Exclusion and Injustices within social work education"
by Norah Hosken used various documentation and narratives to analyze the data by
conducting an interview with some social work students. It has been identified that the
author has used random sampling to collect the sample data and address the issue in
the research study. She randomly assigned participants to control and treatment groups
to reduce the influence of extraneous variables. A controlled group is used to compare
the effects of treatment or intervention to a group that could not receive the treatment.
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The author used the control group and random assignment methods to reduce the
potential for confounding variables to influence their results. The existing information
about validity can increase confidence in the research study quality because it
demonstrates the author has taken the right steps to ensure the reliability and accuracy
of their findings. However, this research paper raises some concerns about the
robustness of the research study's conclusion.
Application to Practice
It is safe to integrate this knowledge into social practices because it aligns with
the ethical values and principles of the profession, including recognition of dignity and
promotion of social justice. However, it is crucial to approach this work with
openness and humility.
References
Hosken, N. (2018) "Practices of exclusion and injustices within social work
education," Social Work Education, 37(7), pp. 825837. Available at:
https://doi.org/10.1080/02615479.2018.1456519.
Turale, S. (2020). A brief introduction to qualitative description: A research design
worth using. Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research, 24(3), 289-
291.
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