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Emergency Medical Services and federal laws
Course name and number
The primary goal of emergency medical services (EMS) is to make emergency medical
care universally accessible to everyone in need. Emergency medical services (EMS) offer out-of-
hospital acute medical care and/or ambulance services for persons in need in the United States.
The National Labor Laws provide the minimal requirements that all human resource
management in emergency medical services organizations must follow (Galvin, 2019). The labor
laws that regulates the operations and activities of private ambulance companies are National
Labor Relations Act (as amended in 1974), Age Discrimination in Employment Act and
Occupational Safety and Health Act.
National Labor Relations Act (as amended in 1974),
The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), approved by Congress in 1935 promote
collective bargaining by upholding employees' complete freedom of organization. NLRA
safeguards workers in private health care companies the fundamental right to demand better
working conditions and choice of union representation without fear of punishment (McKay,
2022). National Labor Relations Act ensures that all employees must be fairly, honestly, and
nondiscriminatory represented by their union.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
Certain job applicants and employees 40 years of age and older are protected from
discrimination under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA). The ADEA's
goal is to lessen the negative consequences that prolonged unemployment has on elderly workers
(Button, 2019). Age Discrimination in Employment Act is important in emergency medical
services because it covers healthcare employees that are discriminated by their employers to
recover compensation and punitive damages.
Occupational Safety and Health Act.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) of 1970 was established to guarantee
safe and healthy working conditions for employees by establishing and enforcing occupational
safety standards (Chen et al., 2020). A considerable decrease in occupational dangers that can
result in illnesses, injuries, or deaths has been achieved the subsequent establishment of OSHA.
Labor laws, EMS and EMS management
National Labor Relations Act obligation pertains to practically every action that a union
may take in acting as employees’ agent when interacting with an employer. These obligations
include grievance handling and collective bargaining. Failure to fulfill these or other obligations
may result in conflicts that must be settled through the labor relations system (Chen et al., 2020).
On the other hand, the provision of a safe and healthy workplace as well as EMS and EMS staff
training and equipment to perform their jobs safely are viewed as the employer's general
Age Discrimination in Employment Act also has a significant role to play in EMS and
EMS management. People who base employment decisions on their age are breaking the Age
Discrimination in Employment Act since age discrimination is unlawful everywhere. According
to Galvin?(2019), the Social Security Act sets a 65-year-old retirement age in the United States.
Labor laws plays a significant role in emergency medical services and more specifically
private ambulance companies. For instance, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act
(ADEA) of 1967 is a significant law that aims to shield those 40 and older from discrimination in
the workplace. In particular, it prohibits companies from choosing to hire, fire, or promote
workers based only on their age (McKay, 2022). On the other hand, the Occupational Safety and
Health Act was formed to enhance occupational safety at healthcare work places. Finally,
employees have specific rights under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), including the
freedom to self-organize, create or join labor organizations, engage in collective bargaining, and
take part in other collective bargaining, mutual assistance, or protection activities.
Button,?P. (2019). Population aging, age discrimination, and age discrimination protections at the
50th anniversary of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act. Current and Emerging
Trends in Aging and Work, 163-188. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24135-3_9
Chen,?H., Hou,?C., Zhang,?L., & Li,?S. (2020). Comparative study on the strands of research on
the governance model of international occupational safety and health issues. Safety
Science, 122, 104513. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.104513
Galvin,?D.?J. (2019). From labor law to employment law: The changing politics of workers’
rights. Studies in American Political Development, 33(1), 50-86.
McKay, A. M. (2022). Stealth Lobbying: Interest Group Influence and Health Care Reform.
Cambridge University Press. 129-158. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009188937.005
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