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A very common fallacy that I come across often is the fallacy of amphiboly. Due to the
recent coronavirus, alot of people do their shopping online now. What these websites due is
promise free shipping or a discount on your first purchase but you don't find out until the
checkout that you have to spend a X amount of money in order to qualify for these
promotions. One way to use critical thinking to not be intimidated by these is to read all of
the advertisement before making any decision. In this week's activities, i found fallacies to
be the most interesting because before this i never knew what fallacies were and it feel's
good to gain new knowledge that can be applied to the real world. I think diffusion of
responsibility is the social error/bias I'm most affected by. I tend to always say "it's not
problem" especially when I feel it's someone else situation to acknowledge instead of me .
The most effective way I believe I could overcome that is to cultivate inside myself an
internal motivation, such as personal empathy with an individual. Personally and publicly
seen and used is ad hominem fallacy and most of them that are listed. Social media has
become the biggest communication device of the world as of now and most of the time
people on top of people are constantly attacking people because of them wanting to be and
showing their true selves to the world. No matter if you famous or the 5th grader that just
wants to show a new shirt your parents bought you. Critical thinking allows you to be
honest, to think clearly and rationally which allows independent thinking. The social
error/bias that affects me most is social expectations followed by ‘one of us/one of them’. I
glide in/out, through and between the two. Overcoming them is a real problem that has
taken more than 10 years to figure out. I’ll start with education at home, at school, at the
playground or at work all are relevant. Secondly, deciding to take action to overcome the
barrier that hinders my growth. Lastly, exercise patience while embracing and trusting the
process of change.In a partnership, the person who makes the most money makes all or most
of the decisions on how/where to spend the money. This is the fallacy that my husband lived
by. Poor little thing he’s better now. Honestly, in the begging of our relationship, I had no
idea how to be married or what it really meant to be a ‘partner’. We used our critical
thinking skills and made the decision to get help by way of our pastor, his father and the
The short interactive videos work well for me. They seem to have a personal touch and I like
the idea of listening then answering the question to test what you’ve learned. This course is
self-reflective, and every scenario makes me want to tell ‘my story’. Of the 4 social errors
and biases I am most affected by diffusion of responsibility. I have a tendency to avoid
situations if it has nothing to do with me. I find myself, at times, saying "that's not our job,
please send to the correct department." Instead I could have analyzed and used my critical
thinking skills to determine what was sent to and direct it myself to the correct department,
as well as advising the sender where to send for future references. Daily we see this social
error used for things that we feel has nothing to do with us, when we could have down our
own research and decided if this is something that can directly affect me.A fallacy that I
have personally encountered was with a insurance marketing company. During the
presentation they promised a healthy consistent salary, bonuses, and trips that you can win.
They did not disclose however that there was a signup fee of $100 and that the only way to
actually see that healthy salary was to recruit and build your own team. I joined the company
because of the picture of financial freedom was painted so nicely but had I done some
critical thinking I would have discovered the amount of work it would actually take to reach
the level of success that was presented.The most interesting topic covered this week was
Fallacies and how using critical thinking can help with not falling for them. The different
types of fallacies is a bit confusing but I will reread that section for better understanding.
After reading chapter 4 I think the Social Error that affects me the most is the third one
which is,” Group Pressure and Conformity.” I do believe that who you surround yourself
with is who you are influenced by, and at times it’s not always a good thing. In the world we
are living in now many of us are influenced by our surroundings and social media
platformsI. I for one have experienced group pressure and conformity multiple times, mostly
due to social media and fear of being the odd one out. I think one way I can overcome this
social error/bias is by analyzing myself and having confidence in not only myself but my
values and opinions first.One fallacy I tend to come across often in advertisements is the
fallacy of amphiboly. I am a big fan of online shopping, but I also like to save money so I
am always looking for online boutiques that have sales. A fallacy I come across with many
online stores is the “$10 off your first purchase” sign that is advertised in HUGE letters on
the webpage, but when you start shopping and want to check out, the catch is that you must
sign up for their credit card or you only get the discount if you spend “x” amount. Critical
thinking skills have helped me alot when I come across many fallacies that many companies
use to market themselves,I have learned to not trust these advertisements until I have read
the fine print and I have had time to analyze the information before I waste my time. Using
logic and reasoning is also a skill in critical thinking that has helped me avoid such fallacies
when I shop online, typically I research the legitimacy of online companies and their
customer reviews before purchasing items. I really enjoyed the information on the different
forms of fallacies in chapter 5. With everything going on in the world right now and staying
at home everyday I feel the fear, and stress of what is happening can make someone more
gullible and susceptible to these types of fallacies and it was interesting to see the different
ways they are used. The social Error and bias that affects me the most is "diffusion of
responsibility". I see this time and time again with this current pandemic. Children climbing
all over one another while playing at the park, people pushing each other out of the way to
grab the last role of Charmin toilet paper, etc. This current state of medical crisis we're in
requires us to social distance and to act responsibly & considerately. This for some reason
changes in largely populated areas. Fallacies are unfortunately common and tolerated in
today's world. Media plays a significant role in this. As technology has progressed, we have
become inundated with different forms of marketing and persuasion. Social media shares
ideals that can easily be perceived as truth's by those who are less educated. Critical thinking
is a vital skill, as it provides the ability to sift through the madness that we are exposed to
daily. I'm a visual learner, so I enjoy the videos that are assigned weekly. I also found this
weeks reading assignments very interesting. Based on the four social errors and biases I am
affected by One of us/one of them. I feel that I tend to treat people that have the same
interest with more respect. I tend to not have interaction with people that don't have the same
interest. I just do not feel that we have anything in common so I never start a conversation
with them. I feel that I should make contact with others and try to be more open minded.
One fallacies that I see in today's society is with the Politicians, you have to be Democratic
or Republican. You can not pick a politician based on what they say to the public. We can
not choose to pick both sides, public judges us for not picking one side.
This weeks videos and reading has been interesting since it shows us how we treat others
and how we don't want to be treated so this opens our eyes. It has made me realize that I
need to make better choices when it comes to other people. I believe the social error or bias
that effects me the most is diffusion of responsibility. I think many other people might have
this same problem to where they say, if it doesn’t effect me then it’s not my problem.” This
is probably my biggest social error. Although, I could make a cause for each one in a certain
way. To help myself with this I believe I need to be more open minded and think overall
about the big picture. I think this would help me the most in overcoming this social error.
This day in age you see fallacies everywhere. For example, in today’s world people see stuff
on social media and automatic believe it to be true. Or another example used in this lesson,
the justified shooting of Michael Brown. If people keep the mentality of its us against them
no matter what, they miss or just don’t care about the facts of the case. Strictly talking about
Ferguson, riots happened about stuff that was proven to not be fact in the case. Therefore,
people immediately believed the first things they heard and just acted on that. Instead of
getting all the facts first then making a decision. You can help yourself with all fallacies but
just using critical thinking! The best part of the this lesson for me was a pointing the finger
right at me. When I read about the four social errors I realized that me and lost people have
done all of these at one point or another. This just goes to show how important critical
thinking can be in everyday life and decision making. After reviewing the four social bias /
errors I would say I am most affected by the One of us or them error. This is because
although I am always open to the diversity of today’s culture I do tend to classify people I
interact with as either they are like me or are similar to a group I would not like to associate
with often. To me I see this bias kind of like when people say you shouldn’t get involved
with the wrong crowd it may not necessarily be that they are a wrong crowd , it’s just they
are a different crowd. Though, I wouldn’t say I would be disrespectful to them I always try
my very best to treat everyone with respect. To overcome this bias I am trying to stop
placing people in categories , instead I feel I should be more open to learn more about the
person and what is so different about them, and it may not be much different at all.
One fallacy that I have experienced and seen many times is in sales marketing. One example
is cell phone companies always advertising free phones to persuade you to go into the store
to supposedly get your free phone , in reality once you are there you discover all these
hidden fees such as phone taxes, activation fees or you have to buy one to get one free. This
is so misleading just to manipulate you to actually go and spend money. Critical thinking
skills comes into play when you have to analyze the info , find out more information before
falling into this trap. The topic that is interesting to me is how some fallacies can be so
powerful in persuading you to do something if you don’t use your critical thinking skills and
analyze the information given. I would say that I am mostly affected by the "One if Us/One
of Them" error. The reason being is that in my field that I'm in now you don't see a lot of
female leaders. Now I have accepted that there will never be a female leader at any of our
terminals, at least no time soon.
When I was working at my first job "Rainbow", they use to have sales all the time. For the
shoe section they had "2 Pairs for $20", well at the very bottom it would say "Selected Items
Only". Customers would get very angry and call corporate complaining that their sign was
misleading and that they needed to change it. Critical thinking helps you analyze the
reasoning behind the fallacies so you are able to maybe not agree but understand why it was
used. I enjoyed looking at the interactive video about fallacies on what is it and how it is
used. The example of politicians was spot on as they do this to make themselves look like
the better candidate. After reviewing the four social errors and biases and as much as I hate
to admit it, I think I relate most to social expectations. I like to think I don't relate to any but
I find myself leaning towards this because mainly of social media. I often say I don't really
care for the most recent fads or bandwagons but I usually find myself falling right into it
when I play on my social media. I think sales and media post a lot of fallacies. There are
certain stores who will use their brand to promote in an advertisement and when you go to
use or do said promotion, its nothing like they said it would be. I think if you're more open-
minded and willing, you won't be fooled by fallacies. I think I relate to bias 1, "one of us,
one of them". I would have to use an example as to be on my job and the staff that I work
with "on of us". I would say my coworkers that I'm cool and close with, I would help them
with job related stuff or outside of job related things anytime. But the ones that I consider
"one of them" the coworkers that have took my kindness for granted more than twice, I
could care less of what they needed help with on or off the job. I look at them as, suspicious
all the time. I think for me to overcome this social error or bias is to keep doing what I am
there to do, work and go home, so I can pay bills.
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