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Gender Equality
IDS-400-X2606 DIVERSITY 21EW2
O'BRIEN, SIDNEY
2021
Introduction
In our modern society, men and women are treated differently, and gender discrimination
against women is one of the most serious issues of diversity that has affected the workforce.
"While women continue to be underrepresented in high-level and highly compensated positions
across the United States and around the world, they continue to be disproportionately
overrepresented in low-wage occupations. Women of color and transgender people face
disproportionately high rates of poverty, unemployment, and other economic hardships than
other groups." (Studies, n.d.) Without even mentioning that "gender discrimination and sexual
harassment in the workplace play a significant role in perpetuating persistent economic divides,"
which is a fact that has been documented. (Studies, n.d.) Gender inequality has an impact on
contemporary society, as evidenced by the disparities in political, social, and economic
hierarchies that exist between male and female leaders. Aspects of gender equality, such as
gender norms and stereotypes, have served to reinforce gender-based identities, resulting in the
persistence of inequalities between the sexes in the workplace. This can be seen through the four
educational lenses of history, humanities, natural science, and social sciences, all of which are
intertwined with one another and can be seen as a result of the four educational lenses.
Lens Connection
Lens of History
One can connect gender inequality to the historical lens in a variety of ways, each of
which is discussed below. Historically speaking, "history tells the stories of our past in order to
help us better understand how we arrived at the point where we are today." (O'Connor, n.d.) In
order to better understand gender inequality, researchers and organizations are looking back in
time and comparing the historical context to the contemporary context. This will necessitate the
conduct of studies and analyses of changes in gender inequality over time. Looking at historical
pieces that tell a story, we can see how far women have come from the time when they were
denied the right to vote or when they were primarily responsible for household chores such as
cooking and cleaning, to the present day. Taking a historical perspective, it is clear that progress
has been made in the area of gender equality, but it is also clear that more progress is needed.
Using a historical lens can assist us in identifying areas of society that still require improvement.
For an understanding of the differences that exist today, it is necessary to look back in time at the
history of gender relations. Following the findings of the research, it appears that, in the majority
of cases, differences in cultural norms regarding gender roles emerge in response to specific
historical circumstances, but that these differences tend to persist even when those circumstances
change. (Averett, Argys, & Hoffman, 2018) Consequently, even the distant past has an impact on
gender norms in the contemporary world." Looking back in time to see how things used to be,
how they have changed, and what they might look like in the future can help societies gain a
better understanding of the reality of gender inequality.
Lens of Humanities
It is also possible to make a connection between gender inequality and the humanities in
a variety of different ways. It is possible to gain a better understanding of various differences,
including gender inequality, through the study of various cultures from around the world. Using
a cultural perspective, scholars will be able to better understand the similarities and differences
that exist between the two genders. (Black, 2014) They will also be better equipped to
understand how people perceive gender diversity. In as much as this helps people understand the
values associated with gender equality, it also helps them to understand themselves better.
Researchers and institutions are better equipped to dispel misconceptions about the causes and
consequences of gender inequality, as well to provide rationales for further progress in the cause
of equality, both generally and specifically for women.
In the United States, there are now a large number of strong women, including CEOs and
business owners, who serve as role models for young girls. Those who have worked hard and
attained achievement are now deemed successful in the eyes of the public. To sustain the existing
level of gender equality, 40 to 160 million women will have to assume more duties and
obligations. It's clear that the idea that women are inferior to males has grown over time and is
still evolving. In my position, I see a lot of women in the hospital. Hospitals employ women in a
wide variety of roles. There are a variety of jobs that they can hold, such as a secretary, a nurse,
or even a medical assistant. But despite the fact that the majority of senior managers are still
men, this is rapidly changing.
Lens of Natural Science
One way in which gender inequality is connected to natural science fields is through
equal opportunities in natural science, which is one of the ways in which gender inequality is
connected to the natural sciences. In the natural sciences, disciplines such as biology, chemistry,
and physics are included, whereas in the applied sciences, disciplines such as mathematics and
technology are included, both of which fall under the STEM umbrella. (Makarova, Aeschlimann,
& Herzog, 2019) As a group, these fields investigate the mysteries and puzzles that humanity has
been deluding itself with for millennia. Scientists frequently develop questions and employ a
scientific process—the scientific method—to describe, predict, and observe the natural world.
We can see that women are underrepresented in the workforce and are not paid at the same rate
as men in a wide range of natural science fields when we look at the natural science fields in
particular. (Funk & Parker, n.d.) When we are able to recognize this, we can begin to make plans
for how we can begin to make a difference in our communities.
"The natural and applied sciences explore the physical world to help us better understand
ourselves," we've studied throughout this semester. (SNHU, n.d.) In the scientific sciences, there
have been many debates over gender equality and the role of women. Experts disagree on how
much of a problem bias against women is in the scientific community. Some people believe that
bias has a cumulative effect, while others believe that individual preference variations between
men and women have a considerably greater impact on a person's professional trajectory. It's
hard to differentiate the impacts of society prejudice from those of individual preferences since
people's perceptions of gender inequities shape their preferences. This raises the issue of equal
opportunity for both women in the industry, which should be avoided at all costs. In order to
solve today's pressing economic, social and environmental challenges through research, we must
continue to deny ourselves the complete scientific potential of more than half of the world's
population.
Lens of Social Science
In accordance with the definition of the social sciences, social science is the study of
society and the relationships that exist between people, which means the study of people and
their interactions with one another. The connection between gender equality and the social
sciences is a result of this factor. No overstatement can be made regarding the significance of
gender in society and social science, as differences between the sexes serve as the foundation for
inequalities such as power inequalities, success inequalities to resources, opportunities
inequalities, and, as a result, inequalities in life experiences. It is impossible to conduct a study of
society without first gaining an understanding of the role that gender plays in society. As a result
of using a social sciences lens, we can look at society in its entirety as well as individual
behavior and action, as well as the reasons for people's actions and the factors that influenced
their decisions and actions in the first place. With these factors in mind, we can begin to gain a
better understanding of why gender inequality continues to be a problem today and what we can
do to influence these attitudes and behaviors going forward.
There is a gender imbalance in the social sciences because of the great diversity of
socially imposed gender roles. Parenting and marriage are two areas where gender difference is
evident because children identify and internalize their gender roles as youngsters. As children
grow up, parents' gender may impact their interactions with them in ways that are unique to their
gender. In relationships when the male gender has entire authority, this is also visible. This is
how gender inequity is formed. Women were scared to demonstrate their intellectual capability
in studies showing intelligence stereotypes in both men and women for fear of scaring away
potential partners. Men are more likely to share their intelligence with potential spouses.
Everywhere from the house to technology to workplace discrimination the male gender is
portrayed as superior.
Equal sharing of family and childcare responsibilities is a key way to eliminating gender
discrimination in the social sciences. One method to express support for mothers and parents is
to give a pregnant woman a seat on the bus. If women are expected to perform only housework,
this is sexism. We need to provide women the same opportunities as men to share their opinions
and ideas, because we know they have some of the best ones. School core curriculum should
stress gender equality in social sciences. Male and female children will recognize the importance
of both sexes in society. Gender inequality in the social sciences can be reduced by educating a
new generation of equal-sex professionals. End the use of sexist, racist, and sexist rhetoric that
demeans and chastises females and minorities.
Conclusion
As we end up this discussion, we can see how diversity influences society. This can be
clearly observed through the lenses of history and humanities as well as natural science and
social sciences. Gender imbalance and how it affects people's lives can be better understood via
the glasses. There is a clearer understanding of what has to be done to ensure that men and
women are treated equal. Looking at the world through the lenses of each of them reveals the
need for change, the importance of it, and how we may work together to achieve it. Diversity has
had an impact on social practices since human conduct is socially learned. Many children in their
early years are taught outdated norms. To this day, women are still portrayed as housewives and
those who do work don’t earn nearly the amount of men. Our acceptance of women's socially
accepted actions increases the more we are exposed to them in the media. A wide range of
opinions are required as a result of societal changes. Change will come if our children are taught
that women can and should work outside the house and pursue professional careers.
One of the benefits of dealing with variety is the opportunity to learn about other people's
cultures. We can better understand ourselves and the world around us by learning about other
cultures. We remove our own biases and stereotypes regarding other people's beliefs and values
by doing this. Among the many challenges people confront today are stereotypes, racism,
economic hardship, and social inequality. In order to address and educate about diversity, these
aspects must be taken into consideration. The best way to prevent these challenges is to keep an
open mind, which is the finest strategy. Keeping an open mind is the best way to find common
ground.
Studying variety can help me enhance my interactions with people from different origins,
cultures, and viewpoints. As a result, I will have a greater grasp of the thoughts and values of
others. We may enhance our lives by becoming more mindful of our differences as a society. The
more we appreciate our differences, the more we can learn from each other and grow as a
society.
References
Averett, S. L., Argys, L. M., & Hoffman, S. D. (2018). IZA DP No. 10931: Gender: An
Historical Perspective. Retrieved from
https://www.iza.org/publications/dp/10931/gender-an-historical-perspective
Black, J. (2014). Sexual Identity, Gender Identity, and Sexual Orientation. Retrieved from
https://owlcation.com/social-sciences/psychological-Cultural-Differences-Sexual-
Identity-Gender-Identity-and-Sexual-Orientation
Funk, C., & Parker, K. (n.d.). Diversity in the STEM workforce varies widely across jobs.
Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/social-trends/2018/01/09/diversity-in-the-
stem-workforce-varies-widely-across-jobs/
Makarova, E., Aeschlimann, B., & Herzog, W. (2019). The Gender Gap in STEM Fields: The
Impact of the Gender Stereotype of Math and Science on Secondary Students' Career
Aspirations. Retrieved from
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/feduc.2019.00060/full
O'Connor, R. (n.d.). Why is History Important?. Retrieved from 2020:
https://www.snhu.edu/about-us/newsroom/liberal-arts/why-is-history-important
Studies, I. f. (n.d.). Gender Economic Inequality. Retrieved from 2021:
https://inequality.org/facts/gender-inequality/
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