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Southern New Hampshire University
COM-212 Public Speaking
EXAM 11 questions and answers
The Dean of Students has invited Sophie to speak during her upcoming graduation
ceremony. The Dean asks to review a detailed outline of Sophie’s speech before she
writes her rough draft.
While preparing her outline, Sophie finds a graduation speech given by the class
president 25 years ago. She decides to use this as the basis for her speech.
Order Sophie’s ideas according to where they should fall in her outline.
1. Sophie wants her classmates to understand how much they have grown in their time
at school, and how much they will continue to grow.
2. Sophie wants to share a story from her freshman year as a way to explain the growth
that she and so many of her classmates have gone through over the last four years.
3. Sophie wants to get her audience’s attention by reading some statistics cited in the
older graduation speech.
4. To bring it all together, Sophie wants to share some information on what the original
writer of the 25-year-old graduation speech did with her life.
3, 1, 2, 4
The audience at Sophie’s graduation will consist of over 1,000 people. Sophie’s
grandparents, who are originally from Poland, are coming. Many friends and families of
Sophie’s classmates are immigrants as well.
The audience will sit in the bleachers of an outdoor stadium, while the graduates will sit
in the stands across from the guests and behind the stage erected in the center of the
field.
Which of the following would be considered ineffective advice for selecting and
highlighting Sophie's main points?
She is speaking at graduation, so she should not worry if her audience will care
about the topic.
Sophie has never written an outline for a speech before and would not have written one
for this speech, but the Dean insisted upon reviewing an outline to make sure it fit his
standards.
There are different types of outlines that speakers use at different stages in the
speech-writing process. Which speech scenario would benefit from using a speaking
outline?
The Dean prides himself on his speech-making ability and so likes to speak
extemporaneously. He normally jots down a few notes outlining the title,
introduction, body of the speech, and conclusion on a notecard. He also includes
important references at the end.
Sophie wants to make sure that her speech is clearly presented by outline to the
Dean. She also wants this outline to help trigger her memory during the speech.
She has included notes on the transitions between the introduction and body of
the speech so it will help her time and pace the delivery of the speech.
Sophie is struggling to narrow down her ideas to clear topics, so she sits down with her
mother to discuss the speech.
“I want to talk about the world that graduates faced 25 years ago, compared with the
world we face today,” Sophie says.
“Well, maybe you should discuss technology first,” her mom replies.
Below are excerpts from Sophie’s introduction and conclusion.
Introduction: 25 years ago, the graduating class president spoke about communication
and the role that young people played in communication innovation. I will compare and
contrast this to today’s young people to show young people will continue to be the
biggest innovators in the next 25 years.
Conclusion: Graduates of today will continue to change the economy and
decision-making structures of big business and politics if we continue to use technology
to break down barriers.
Place the following statements in the correct order as they would appear in Sophie’s
speaking outline.
1. Technology issues that current students face
2. Technologies that were common for students who went to their school 25 years ago
3. Where the students who graduated 25 years ago went on to work and how they
impacted technology
4. The plans of graduating seniors to go into technology-related fields and where they
hope to work someday
2, 3, 1, 4
As Sophie reads the graduation speech from 25 years ago, she can’t help but notice
how life has improved for her generation thanks to changes in technology. She decides
to argue that young people remain society’s most important innovators. She also wants
to persuade her classmates to push boundaries and use social media to increase
transparency in decision-making processes. She considers the different ways she could
organize the main ideas of her speech.
Which of the following would describe the temporal method of organizing Sophie's main
points?
Speaking about your main points in the order that they occurred over time
Sophie’s first draft of her introduction reads as follows:
When I was in second grade, I had a pen pal in New Zealand. It took almost two weeks
for our letters to make their way to and from Rotorua. Now second graders are learning
how to use computers and send emails. Gone are the days when they have to wait
weeks for a response.
Did you think I had a pen pal that I wrote to with pen and paper? No, when I was in
second grade we had video calls with a class in China and used a live translation
program.
James Cooper, who was the class president 25 years ago, wrote about his pen pal in
his graduating speech. My name is Sophie Ramirez and I am the class president and
have my own website.
I want to talk today about how the world has changed since then.
Which element of an introduction is missing from Sophie’s speech?
Sophie needs a preview of the main points she will discuss in her speech.
A famous alum who runs a national newspaper has been asked to give an address at
Sophie’s graduation. The class is excited for him to be on campus, but Sophie’s dad
and grandmother don’t like the newspaper and feel that he caters to a liberal political
agenda.
All speakers need to gain credibility with their audiences through methods like
__________. Regardless of the speech type, the introduction needs to include
__________.
dressing the part, a preview of main topics
Before meeting with the dean, Sophie sends the following draft topic outline to her
English teacher.
Thesis statement: 25 years ago, the class president spoke about communication and
the role that young people play in communication innovation. I will compare and
contrast this to today’s young people to show young people will continue to be the
biggest innovators in the next 25 years.
Topic: Technology challenges conquered by the class who graduated 25 years ago
were vast
Supporting point: CERN labs built the first website in 1991 and the World Wide Web
was born
Topic: Software innovations made by recent graduates
Supporting point: Facebook’s influence on media, business, and communities
Topic: The opportunities to influence technology and the economy for our graduating
class
Sub-topic: Increasing transparency and public participation in decision-making
structures through social media
Conclusion: Graduates of today will continue to change the economy and
decision-making structures of big business and politics if we use technology to break
down barriers.
“Great job, Sophie,” her teacher replies. “But don’t forget to add some transitions!”
Which sentence from Sophie's speech uses a transitional phrase?
Nevertheless, we must continue to be on the cutting edge of technological
innovations and to think creatively about where technology can take us.
After getting theDean’s approval for her outline, Sophie works on her conclusion:
“James probably couldn’t imagine having his own website and ‘followers’ from all over
the world when he urged his fellow graduating seniors to scale walls and crash through
barriers. I know we can do the same! I can’t wait to see what we all achieve and I know I
will because we’re all ‘friends’ on Facebook. Congratulations class of 2016!”
Identify the best advice for Sophie to improve her conclusion.
"Sophie, you need to remind the audience of the most important pieces of
information in your speech."
Below is the final draft of Sophie's conclusion:
“Today is bittersweet for all of us as we mark the end of our time here and look forward
to new adventures. While James Cooper probably couldn’t imagine having his own
website and ‘followers’ from all over the world when he urged his fellow graduating
seniors to scale walls and crash through barriers 25 years ago, we are fortunate to be
ahead of the tech curve. While we can predict that technology will play a role in our
future careers and lives, we can also plan to be the creators of new innovations. I hope
that I’ve made it clear today that we should all continue to be rule breakers, technology
explorers, and social innovators who will open up our institutions to new influences. I
can’t wait to see what we all achieve and I know I will because we’re all ‘friends’ on
Facebook. Finally, I would like to say congratulations class of 2016!”
Choose the statement from Sophie's conclusion that is an example of a signpost.
"Finally, I would like to say congratulations class of 2016!”
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