CRJ 180 multiple choice questions ASAP


According to Erich Goode, a way to explain adolescent involvement in delinquency is through:
Answer    social learning theory
   failure to fit into conventional society
   inadequate child-parent relationships
   social bond theory
Over the past 15 years, the number of females arrested for violent crimes has increased ____ percent.
Answer    15

Infanticide is primarily committed by members of a child's family using ____.
Answer    poison
   hands or feet

6 points  
In 2005, the U.SHistorically, which of the following was not handled by the juvenile court?
Answer    neglected children
   hate crimes
   status offenses

. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty for offenders under the age of 18 at the time they committed their crime:
Answer    could continue as it is in line with the Stubborn Child Law of the Constitution
   violates the Eighth Amendment
   is acceptable to the general public and, therefore, constitutional
   violates the principle of parens patriae

Once a juvenile is detained and a petition is filed, a hearing must be scheduled within:
Answer    24 hours
   48-72 hours
   85-120 hours
   1 week

When a juvenile is suspected of committing a crime, police have the discretion to:
Answer    release the child and report the contact
   interrogate or search the child
   turn the child over to their parents under the promise of punishment
   both A and B are correct

Most youth tend to pick friends who are like themselves. The term that describes this process is called_________.
Answer    homophily

According to criminologist Ko-lin Chin, Chinese gang activity is dominated by:
Answer    fighting over turf
   accumulating money
   doing drugs
   organizing prostitution rings
The Rochester Youth Development Study found that gang members accounted for _____ percent of the serious delinquent acts in the community.
Answer    10
   nearly 40
   more than 85

Some risk factors associated with gang membership include:
Answer    poverty
   failure in school
   prior violence
   increased drug use
   all of the above are correct

Latchkey children are those who:
Answer    regularly pick the locks on their neighbor's homes
   have been abandoned at home by work-oriented parents
   regularly care for themselves without adult supervision after school or on weekends
   have highly authoritarian parents
In a study of the relationship between religiosity and delinquency, Travis Hirschi and Rodney Stark found that:
Answer    religious adolescents had lower rates of delinquency
   religious adolescents had higher rates of delinquency
   atheist adolescents had lower rates of delinquency than religious adolescents
   there was no relationship between religiosity and delinquency
According to Russell Hill and Frank Stafford, one way mothers compensate for being in the paid labor force full-time is by:
Answer    spending more money on their children
   cutting down on their own sleep and leisure time
   taking time off from work to be with their children
   spending more time with their children on weekends
According to Bruce Chadwick and Brent Top, the more _____ a person is, the less likely he or she will participate in delinquent or criminal behaviors.
Answer    ethical
   financially secure
According to the most recent Indicators of School Crime and Safety report, children were ___ times more likely to be murdered away from school than at school.
Answer    5


Children are ____ times more likely to be murdered away from school than at school.
Answer 16


The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in _____, that school officials may legally search students and their lockers without consent.
Answer    Thompson v. Carthage School District
   New Jersey v. T.L.O.
   Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton
   West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette


Research has found that schools with zero-tolerance policies are _____ orderly and secure than schools, which use a case-by-case approach.
Answer    significantly more
   significantly less
   no more
   no less


Peers offer each other a sense of which of the following?
Answer acceptance
   all of the above are correct


Which one of the following is not a risk factor for very early childhood and delinquency?
Answer    maternal smoking
   parent incarceration
   exposure to lead


Impoverished neighborhoods often are characterized by which of the following?
Answer    high rates of self-employment
   inadequate education systems
   strong social support networks
   both B and C are correct


The most effective prevention programs are aimed at children in:
Answer    the earliest stages of life
   preschool and kindergarten
   run-down neighborhoods
   early Head Start program


The numerous early prevention programs conducted since the 1970's have concluded that:

A _____ approach to the drug problem involves using a public health model to reduce the risks and consequences of using illicit drugs.



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