According to Erich Goode, a way to explain adolescent involvement in delinquency is through:

Answer    social learning theory

   failure to fit into conventional society

   inadequate child-parent relationships

   social bond theory

Over the past 15 years, the number of females arrested for violent crimes has increased ____ percent.

Answer    15




Infanticide is primarily committed by members of a child's family using ____.

Answer    poison


   hands or feet


6 points  

In 2005, the U.SHistorically, which of the following was not handled by the juvenile court?

Answer    neglected children


   hate crimes

   status offenses

. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty for offenders under the age of 18 at the time they committed their crime:

Answer    could continue as it is in line with the Stubborn Child Law of the Constitution

   violates the Eighth Amendment

   is acceptable to the general public and, therefore, constitutional

   violates the principle of parens patriae

Once a juvenile is detained and a petition is filed, a hearing must be scheduled within:

Answer    24 hours

   48-72 hours

   85-120 hours

   1 week

When a juvenile is suspected of committing a crime, police have the discretion to:

Answer    release the child and report the contact

   interrogate or search the child

   turn the child over to their parents under the promise of punishment

   both A and B are correct

Most youth tend to pick friends who are like themselves. The term that describes this process is called_________.

Answer    homophily




According to criminologist Ko-lin Chin, Chinese gang activity is dominated by:

Answer    fighting over turf

   accumulating money

   doing drugs

   organizing prostitution rings

The Rochester Youth Development Study found that gang members accounted for _____ percent of the serious delinquent acts in the community.

Answer    10


   nearly 40

   more than 85

Some risk factors associated with gang membership include:

Answer    poverty

   failure in school

   prior violence

   increased drug use

   all of the above are correct

Latchkey children are those who:

Answer    regularly pick the locks on their neighbor's homes

   have been abandoned at home by work-oriented parents

   regularly care for themselves without adult supervision after school or on weekends

   have highly authoritarian parents

In a study of the relationship between religiosity and delinquency, Travis Hirschi and Rodney Stark found that:

Answer    religious adolescents had lower rates of delinquency

   religious adolescents had higher rates of delinquency

   atheist adolescents had lower rates of delinquency than religious adolescents

   there was no relationship between religiosity and delinquency

According to Russell Hill and Frank Stafford, one way mothers compensate for being in the paid labor force full-time is by:

Answer    spending more money on their children

   cutting down on their own sleep and leisure time

   taking time off from work to be with their children

   spending more time with their children on weekends

According to Bruce Chadwick and Brent Top, the more _____ a person is, the less likely he or she will participate in delinquent or criminal behaviors.

Answer    ethical


   financially secure


According to the most recent Indicators of School Crime and Safety report, children were ___ times more likely to be murdered away from school than at school.

Answer    5





Children are ____ times more likely to be murdered away from school than at school.

Answer 16





The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in _____, that school officials may legally search students and their lockers without consent.

Answer    Thompson v. Carthage School District

   New Jersey v. T.L.O.

   Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton

   West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette


Research has found that schools with zero-tolerance policies are _____ orderly and secure than schools, which use a case-by-case approach.

Answer    significantly more

   significantly less

   no more

   no less


Peers offer each other a sense of which of the following?

Answer acceptance



   all of the above are correct


Which one of the following is not a risk factor for very early childhood and delinquency?

Answer    maternal smoking


   parent incarceration

   exposure to lead


Impoverished neighborhoods often are characterized by which of the following?

Answer    high rates of self-employment

   inadequate education systems

   strong social support networks

   both B and C are correct


The most effective prevention programs are aimed at children in:

Answer    the earliest stages of life

   preschool and kindergarten

   run-down neighborhoods

   early Head Start program


The numerous early prevention programs conducted since the 1970's have concluded that:Answer



children are active learners and that they are better equipped to enter kindergarten



prevention is more effective among females



all crime prevention programs need to target the lower-class



early intervention in prenatal care improves child development and decreases risk factors


A _____ approach to the drug problem involves using a public health model to reduce the risks and consequences of using illicit drugs.Answer









harm reduction



resistance education



    • 8 years ago
    A++ Answer

    Purchase the answer to view it

    • attachment