Ashford 5: - Week 4 - Discussion 2

Cold War

  

 Background: After the Second World War, the US embarked on what came   to be known as the Cold War against the Soviet Union. Although the two sides   never fought against each other directly, the Cold War nonetheless erupted   into violence at times in places like Vietnam, Korea, and Afghanistan. As the   US grew more activist and interventionist in its foreign policy, the domestic   government also grew in power and in its role in the people’s lives.
 

Resources:   When responding to these prompts,   draw from the material in ONE of the following videos:

  1. Hawksworth, R., Hogan, H.,        & Spencer, S. (Writers).  The post-war years        [Television series episode]. In R. Hawksworth (Executive producer), America in the 20th Century. Chicago, IL: Media Rich        Communications, LLC. Available from        http://digital.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?Token=47585&aid=18596&Plt=FOD&loid=0&w=640&h=480&ref= 
  2. Isbouts, J., &        Johnson, B. D. (Writers), & Johnson, B. D. (Director). (1999). Superpowers collide [Television series episode].        In J. Florescu, J. Isbouts, & B. D. Johnson (Executive producers), Inside the Cold War with Sir        David Frost. Los Angeles, CA: Porchlight        Entertainment. Available from        http://digital.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?Token=8397&aid=18596&Plt=FOD&loid=0&w=640&h=480&ref= 
  3. Wattenberg, B. (Writer).        (2000).  1930-1960        [Television series episode]. In A. Walworth (Executive producer), The First Measured Century:        The Other Way of Looking at American History. Arlington, VA: PBS.        Available from        http://digital.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?Token=44378&aid=18596&Plt=FOD&loid=0&w=640&h=480&ref= 

Also, draw from the material in TWO of the following documents:

  1. Byrne, M. (Ed.). (2000). Electronic briefing book no. 28: The secret        CIA history of the Iran coup, 1953 Retrieved from        http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB28/ 
  2. Eisenhower, D. (1961, Jan.        17). Farewell address Retrieved from        http://www.vlib.us/amdocs/texts/ddefarew.html 
  3. Herberg, W. (n.d.)  Protestant-Catholic-Jew: An essay in American        religious sociology (1960)        [Excerpt]. Retrieved from        http://personal.ashland.edu/~jmoser1/herberg.htm 
  4. Johnson, L. (1964, Aug,        5).  The Tonkin Gulf incident; 1964 Retrieved from        http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/tonkin-g.asp 
  5. Kennedy, J. (1962, Oct.        22).  Address on the Cuban crisis October 22, 1962. Modern History Sourcebook. Retrieved from        http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1962kennedy-cuba.html 
  6. Kissinger, H. (1969, March 8).  March 9th memo from        Kissinger to Nixon.        Retrieved from http://www.historycentral.com/Vietnam/Documents/Kiss.html        
  7. Nixon, R. (1974, Aug.        8).  Richard Nixon’s resignation. Retrieved from        http://customers.hbci.com/~tgort/resign.htm 
  8. Potter, P. (1965).  SDS Vietnam anti-war        speech. Retrieved from        http://www.hippy.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=130 
  9. Schlesinger, A. M.        (1949). The vital center: The politics of freedom [Excerpt]. Retrieved        from http://www.writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/50s/vital-center.html 
  10. United States Congress.        (1973, Nov. 7). The war powers act. Retrieved from        http://customers.hbci.com/~tgort/wpa.htm 

Instructions: After reviewing your Instructor’s Guidance and completing   the weekly reading assignments (including those in the resource section   below), please post a substantive discussion post of at least 200 words that   analyzes BOTH U.S. Cold War Policy AND the impact that the Cold War had on   U.S. society, using the following questions as the basis of your analysis: 

  1. Why did the Cold War start        and how did it develop over its first three decades? 
  2. How did different        presidential administrations, from Truman to Nixon handle Cold War        affairs? 
  3. How did these approaches        affect foreign policy? 
  4. How did the Cold War lead to        changes within American society and culture? 

Your initial post should be at least 200 words in length.   Support your claims with examples from the required material(s) and properly   cite any references. You may use additional scholarly sources to support your   points if you choose. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by   Day 7 in at least 100 words. When responding to classmates, you should refer to   the material from one of the sources which you did not reference in your   initial post. 

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