DISC6050

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EVIDENCE BASE IN DESIGN

When politics and medical science intersect, there can be much debate. Sometimes anecdotes or hearsay are misused as evidence to support a particular point. Despite these and other challenges, however, evidence-based approaches are increasingly used to inform health policy decision-making regarding causes of disease, intervention strategies, and issues impacting society. One example is the introduction of childhood vaccinations and the use of evidence-based arguments surrounding their safety.

In this Discussion, you will identify a recently proposed health policy and share your analysis of the evidence in support of this policy.

RESOURCES

Be sure to review the Learning Resources before completing this activity. Click the weekly resources link to access the resources. 

WEEKLY RESOURCES

To Prepare:

· Review the Congress website provided in the Resources and identify one recent (within the past 5 years) proposed health policy.

· Review the health policy you identified and reflect on the background and development of this health policy.

BY DAY 3 OF WEEK 7

Post a description of the health policy you selected and a brief background for the problem or issue being addressed. Which social determinant most affects this policy? Explain whether you believe there is an evidence base to support the proposed policy and explain why. Be specific and provide examples.

BY DAY 6 OF WEEK 7

Respond to at least  two of your colleagues * on two different days by either supporting or respectfully challenging their explanation on whether there is an evidence base to support the proposed health policy they described.

LEARNING RESOURCES

Required Readings

· Milstead, J. A., & Short, N. M. (2019).  Health policy and politics: A nurse's guide (6th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

· Chapter 5, “Public Policy Design” (pp. 87–95 only)

· Chapter 8, “The Impact of EHRs, Big Data, and Evidence-Informed Practice” (pp. 137–146)

· Chapter 9, “Interprofessional Practice” (pp. 152–160 only)

· Chapter 10, “Overview: The Economics and Finance of Health Care” (pp. 183–191 only)

· American Nurses Association (ANA). (n.d.).  Advocacy Links to an external site. . Retrieved September 20, 2018, from https://www.nursingworld.org/practice-policy/advocacy/

· Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (n.d.).  Step by step: Evaluating violence and injury prevention policies: Brief 4: Evaluating policy implementation Links to an external site. . Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/injury/pdfs/policy/Brief%204-a.pdf

· Congress.govLinks to an external site. . (n.d.). Retrieved September 20, 2018, from https://www.congress.gov/

· Klein, K. J., & Sorra, J. S. (1996).  The challenge of innovation implementationLinks to an external site. Academy of Management Review, 21(4), 1055–1080.

· Sacristán, J., & Dilla, T. D. (2015).  No big data without small data: Learning health care systems begin and end with the individual patientLinks to an external site. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 21(6), 1014–1017.

· Tummers, L., & Bekkers, V. (2014).  Policy implementation, street level bureaucracy, and the importance of discretionLinks to an external site. Public Management Review, 16(4), 527–547.