# COUN 515 Final Exam (2019)

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- A _________________ is a graph which represents a correlation coefficient
- A correlational, on its own, determines __________
- In correlation research, an inverse relationship implies that no relationship exists
- Action research includes all of the components of the research process occurring at separate times
- Regression analysis is a statistical analysis that allows researchers to determine causation
- Correlational studies identify the degree to which one variable causes a change in another.
- Correlational studies are looking for ________
- ∑ represents the symbol for “the multiplication of”
- A correlation may be considered weak if the correlation coefficient falls between the values of:
- Factors that usually lead to students becoming scientist practitioners include __________
- A statistical relationship where a decrease in one variable is related to an increase in another is called a(an):
- In a double blind research study the ________
- Samples where the probability of being selected is not zero are _______
- Research is the same as general inquiry.
- In the class video on John Gottman’s Love Lab, the device that measures fidgeting was called:
- The sampling technique often seen in psychological research is convenience sampling.
- The following are examples of scientist practitioners except ______
- The following terms may be more associated with quantitative research than qualitative:
- The Nuremberg code came about because of Stanley Milgram’s study.
- The correlation coefficient, which measures reliability, is considered a “strong” relationship between the values of ______ and ______
- The likelihood of a type one error is measured by _____.
- The Wilcoxon ranked sum test, is a nonparametric test. It is similar to the parametric independent samples t-test. According to Jackson, some of the assumptions of the Wilcoxon ranked sum-test include:
- Which of the following is true regarding a one-tailed test?
- The z test is a parametric statistical test that allows us to test the null hypothesis for a single sample when the population variance is known.
- Nonparametric tests are tests that can be used when population parameters are not needed.
- Inferential statistics help researchers avoid making overgeneralizations based on one experience.
- A ballroom dancing metaphor can be used to describe the nature of reporting results in terms of the null hypothesis because:
- Which of the following is true about a type two error?
- It is typically suggested that researchers avoid terms like “prove.” What is true with respect to this statement?
- Using the Jackson textbook, figure 5.7, with a standard normal distribution, 95% of scores fall within 3 standard deviations from the mean.
- The difference between population means in terms of standard deviations is called the effect size.
- The chi-square (χ2) goodness-of-fit test is a nonparametric statistical test used for comparing categorical information against what we would expect based on previous knowledge.
- A test that can be used with nominal data is:
- The alternative hypothesis (researcher’s hypothesis) represents what the researcher is trying to support.
- If the population mean and standard deviation is known, the researcher should use a _________.
- Factorial designs refer to:
- A characteristic that distinguishes experimental design from other research designs is ______:
- Confounding variables are:
- The post facto design can speak to the cause and effect of a relationship.
- It has been said that the methods section of a research proposal is the most concrete of all the sections.
- According to Jackson, one of the benefits of using more than one group, is that the use of multiple groups allows for the addition of a placebo group.
- There is a chance that a researcher can create two equal groups.
- The participants in post facto design are measured on a trait that the participant already possesses.
- Examples of quasi-experimental designs include ___________________.
- A design in which participants are measured on a trait they already possess and assigned to categories based on that trait, rather than manipulating the independent variable is the ______________.
- The quasi-experimental research design, on the continuum of robustness is usually at one end of the continuum with the correlational design at the opposite end.
- A research design often used in the behavioral sciences, especially counseling is known as the:
- When creating groups, a researcher can feel more confident about how equivalent they are based on ___________________.
- The nonequivalent control group design involves a group comparison where the control group is equivalent to the research group.
- Since quasi-experimental research is on the continuum of robustness between true experimental design and correlational research:

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**COUN 515 Final Exam (2019)**

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