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When evaluating an argument it is important to have clarity.
Understanding the premise of an argument only helps you in clearing
up the argument to a resolution. Without having a clear sense of that
the other person is stating it can cause confusion, unsettling emotions,
and an unresolved issue. Relevance is also a n argument evaluation
trait to consider because, you have to understand that in order to
overcome the argument you must have relevant argument circling back
to the topic in order to support a conclusion rather than creating a
separate argument. On both ends of the spectrum its important to stay
on track with the initial argument in holding your position providing
factual evidence to support and not stray.Where deductive arguments tend
to support its arguments should follow the conclusion, inductive arguments
suggest it is probable that it will support its conclusion. Inductive
arguments serve as support for its conclusion where deductive arguments
show proof for the conclusion. Inductive arguments seem to be a game
of probability, leaving room for errors in some cases. I feel like the
two factors we should consider when evaluating an argument are clarity
and credibility, The reason i stated clarity is because i feel that
whomever is reading the information should first and for most be able
to understand what the subject is and the information that is included.
The other factor i chose was credibility. No one wants to read fake
news so whomever is writing should have also made sure the
information came from a credible source. Deductive arguments have
already been proven so it comes with concrete evidence which should
also be stated , as for Inductive arguments it may not have been
proven and may be assumptions or argument based on what should
happen In other words its questionable and may still require some type
of research . This week I truly enjoyed the interactive videos and
learning about the different parts of a argument. I also enjoyed reading
and learning about arguments. Thanks to this lesson i know that all
arguments don't have to be confrontational or a negative situation. I
believe strongly that credibility and relevance are the most important
factors to consider when you evaluate an argument. I am the type of
person to believe facts. I don't go off of "he said, she said, or
they said" if i don't have complete evidence or facts that something
is true i won't even bother. or vise versa if someone comes to me
trying to make a bold statement or make a point and they don't
have the evidence to back it up, then i'm not going to believe it
or waste myself trying argue in the first place. And with relevance i
think its important because if you start going off topic the conversation
will just last longer than it needs to. And tats with any type of
argument. I always stay on topic and stick with the topic at hand.
going off of it will just waste time and no ones point gets
across.The difference between inductive and deductive is pretty simple i
think. Inductive is when the conclusion is based of maybe's and
probably's. Like a personal belief of a fact instead of the actual fact.
(if that makes sense). Where deductive is the complete opposite, Its
all about the true facts and statistics. Two factors that resonate with
me are credibility & relevance. When creating an argument, facts should
be presented from credible sources. They should also be relevant to
the argument. There are many examples of these factors not be used
correctly, or dismissed all-together in daily social media regarding the
COVID-19 pandemic. When information is shared on a mass scale, it's
important verify if the source it was derived from is legitimate. The
content should also focus primarily on the subject. If this doesn't
happen, the true message can get lost or diluted & ultimately leave
the listener with more unanswered questions.Inductive reasoning is
attempting to answer a question that we know little about, by using
something similar that we are more familiar with. The more we know,
the stronger the argument. The less we know, the weaker the argument.
Deductive reasoning is more fact based and logical. The response is
either true or false.I truly appreciate the interactive videos in this
course. I enjoy the interaction that's involved, along with the segmented
content. The two factors we should consider when evaluating an
argument are clarity and credibility. Clarity is important because In order
to evaluate an argument you need to make sure you understand it
correctly the argument needs to be clear and unambiguous. If the
argument is unclear then your response will not be correct. Credibility
is important because we need to know are the premises supported by
evidence is the information being provide credible some information can
be incorrect. The differences between inductive and deductive arguments
are that in a inductive argument base there conclusion off the premise
relating it to cause and only offer support not proof when a deductive
have strong conclusions assuming all the premises are true. Reflecting
on the learning activities, concepts, ideas, and topics covered this week
what was the most interesting to me was how to evaluate an argument
and how to break it down and what we need to look for. I am
no confused by them anymore but it was hard to grasp the difference
between inductive and deductive arguments . Two factors to consider
when evaluating an argument are clarity and relevance. If you don’t
have clarity then you unclear of what the argument is even about
and how to go about fixing it. Relevance is basically is the argument
even worth your time or does it mean anything anyways.
Deductive is straight to the point and true as where inductive are
questionable. Two factors to consider when evaluating an argument are
clarity and credibility. If you are not clear on what the argument in,
you cannot respond correctly, clarity is needed for understanding and
would allow conversations to much less ambiguous. Credibility is needed
to make sure the facts are correct and whomever is offering the
information should have credibility or trustworthy. Deductive arguments are
straight to the point and factual, whereas inductive arguments are
probability and questionable. Deductive arguments could be used in court
and inductive arguments are normally used amongst friends or someone
not looking for argument .I found learning about arguments very
interesting, because everyone has a tone and a point of view. Analyzing
an argument to get the outcome you want or to come to a mutual
agreement. One of the most important things to consider in an argument
is relevance. Is the argument even important for anything in the first
place. You find that nowadays a lot of people will argue just to be
arguing and the topic really doesn’t have any relevance at all. Another
one to consider is completeness. Again, these days people may argue
a certain point and it has so many holes in the facts that surely
it isn’t credible. I have had many times where it is obvious that
people clearly don’t know how to research correctly and just go with
the first thing they heard about the topic. An inductive argument is
something that is very far fetched and probably no where near being
true. Such as, my name is Jeremy and I am a police officer.
Inductive arguments would say that anybody named Jeremy would also
be a police officer. Not much logic in that statement. Seductive
arguments are more based on facts. You start with a true statement
and then try to base your decision from that fact. Seems a lot more
of a logical way to come to a co conclusion. The learning concepts
this week really opened my eyes about the types of arguments Liz I
was able to read this information and see or remember times when
people have gone against many of these ways to evaluate an argument.
It really goes to show a lot of normal people in our society just
can’t do research or choose not to. If you really pay attention, you
can see these everywhere and being used by a lot of people. Two
factors we should consider when evaluating an argument are credibility
and completeness. Credibility is having credible sources for facts and
evidence-based truths so you’re not looked at for your opinions or
falsifying information. Completeness looks at all sides of the argument
and ensures we aren’t leaving out things that could change our
decisions about something.
Inductive arguments suggest the conclusions within their statements rather
than deductive which follows the conclusion with confidence and certainty.
An example of inductive would be, my dog is a large breed therefore
I think he will be a good watch dog. It turns out my large dog
is a giant teddy bear that won’t hurt a fly. Deductive argument would
be that, my large dog is an aggressive breed therefore he’s going to
the best watchdog. Using confident facts like aggressive breed makes
this a deductive argument. I enjoyed learning the 5 keys to arguments
being clarity, credibility, relevance, completeness and soundness. This opens
new perspectives to how I argue and also how I analyse arguments
and debates. Based on the reading there are five factors we should
consider when evaluating an argument. They are as follows, clarity,
credibility, relevance, completeness, and soundness. I believe clarity and
soundness are two main hurdles for a good argument. First it should
be understood and without question it should be clear what the position
is. If the argument is sound the premise props up the conclusion
in such a way that they are symbiotic. Deductive arguments are meant
to be absolute and factual. When inductive arguments are used, they
by their very nature are not as certain and hedging on probability.
You see inductive arguments more often when the speaker is not as
familiar with the topic or subject and draws connections between topics,
they are more familiar with. If dogs hate cats, and my pet is a
dog, my dog will probably hate your cat. However, we all know that
is not the case all of the time. The ability to visualize arguments
by being able to diagram them was something that stood out to me.
Visualizing and deconstructing in a visual manner in such a way that
premises(s) lead to conclusions, multiple independent (or dependent)
premises can be highlighted further increases my chances of
understanding. The variables can be replaced by actual parts of an
argument to see how the either have soundness or not. Two out of
the five factors that are essential in evaluating an argument is having
clarity and being credible. The other three are just as important, but
these two are my top picks. Making sure that your point is clear
and easy to understand is critical in an professional argument or debate.
Credible information in an argument is important because you back
everything you say by fact.Inductive argument are very questionable. They
have no purpose or direct ending and it leaves the other party with
a lot of unanswered questions. A deductive argument is straight forward
and full of fact. This type of argument has a right or wrong. I
would compare this type of argument to a legal battle. One of the
most interesting concept that I reviewed are the five factors when
evaluating an argument. These five factors when will ensure the
relevance of the argument. It can be used as a checklist along the
way or just as a reminder in the back of your head that can boost
the power of your argument. One factor which should be considered
when evaluating an argument is clarity. That is, one should determine
whether the argument is clear and not ambiguous. By evaluating the
clarity of an argument, we are ensuring that we understand it correctly.
Obviously, it is crucial to correctly understand the argument. Another
point to consider is whether evidence supports the argument. In order
to do this, each premise of the argument should be evaluated
independently, and each premise should be valid and supported by
evidence in a good argument. With deductive arguments, if each premise
is valid and true, the conclusion of the argument must be correct. It
is black and white. With inductive arguments, a gray area exists. In
an inductive argument, the conclusion is not absolute. Rather, the
conclusion most likely follows the argument’s premises. Inductive arguments
are more or less compelling, while deductive arguments are right or
wrong. Personally, I found that learning about arguments was very
interesting. I have always thought of arguments as being synonymous
with disagreements. The concept of evaluating arguments had honestly
never occurred to me. According to the reading this week, arguments
are not simply disagreements; rather, arguments allow us to evaluate
issues and to decide if a certain position on an issue is reasonable.
Previously, arguments carried a negative connotation in my mind. Now,
I can see that arguments can, in fact, be productive and valuable.
Two factors that should be considered when you are facing an
argument is being credible and sound. Is what you are saying have
information and facts to back it up and does what you are saying
make sense and is part of the greater good or piece of the argument.
If your argument is credible you will be able to find actual hard
data or research to back it up, and if you are wanting to be on
the winning side of an argument that is crucial. If the argument is
using sound information you will easily and quickly be able to come
to a conclusion that the information being used is sound. Inductive
logic is logic that has hard evidence proving that something is correct.
Deductive logic is an argument that sounds logic, but there is not
facts or data showing that proves it is true. When you are in an
argument, I feel it is best to use inductive logic, something you can
back up with hard facts. I had never put any thought into the fact
that people would try and argue with deductive logic. When you are
committing to a topic or side, I feel it is very important to know
you are right and can easily back up what it is you are committing
to. When you are engaged in an argument it's critical that in your
view you aren't in a fight with the other person in the conversation,
but you are trying to persuade the other person to your idea or
views. Two factors we should consider while evaluating a argument is
first clarity. You need to know all the knowledge you possibly can
before engaging in a argument so that you fully understand what it
is you are talking about and what your end goal is in the argument.
The second factor I would say is necessary is relevance. You need
to be familiar with what you are arguing about and bring up statistics
or statements that are relevant and support your claim. The difference
between inductive arguments and deductive arguments is that in inductive
arguments you start with a observation and follow towards generalizations
and theories. In deductive arguments, you start with a theory or
hypothesis and then test theses ideas through observations to see if it
is true. What i enjoyed most about this week's activities was learning
the many more tools and strategies used when engaging in a argument.
The two factors that I believe are important when evaluating an
argument would be having clarity of what the issue is. I would think
for someone to express an idea that they want someone else to
comprehend or believe what you are saying then should be able to
provide a clear explanation. The argument should also be credible, you
should be able to support the your idea with facts and or research
if you want another individual to confirm what your saying is accurate.
Inductive argument is a claim that the ending conclusion probably
follows the initial thought or premise. The individual will more than
likely use logic and isn't certain. Deductive argument is a claim that
can be true and has facts to support their arguments .I thoroughly
enjoyed reading about jumping to conclusions in an argument as I
myself deal with jumping to conclusions without having all the facts.
Also how to have an open and effective conversation without it turning
to a full on scream out trying to get my thought or opinion across.
The two factors I feel are the most important when evaluating an
argument are clarity and sound. I think these set the foundation of
an argument. Clarity is very important to make sure we get our point
of the argument across. What is it that we are seeking in the
argument? We must also watch our wording this will make a difference
in the conclusion of the argument. Soundness is the support for the
argument , and what makes the argument logical. In my own words
the difference between inductive and deductive arguments is an inductive
argument doesn’t always use credibility . It uses more opinions, past
experience or observations . As for deductive this type of argument is
more supported by facts. It usually starts with a conclusion and then
the premises or supporting information. Prior to reading these chapters
in arguments I did not realize there were so many factors that make
up an argument. I really liked the diagram that showing the breakdown
of an argument. I think this is a very useful tool that wouldn’t be
very beneficial throughout life , and see arguments in a whole
different way. Two factors to consider when evaluating an argument are
clarity and relevance. Before I can even begin to discuss, persuade or
reject the legitimacy of an argument I need to understand what I’m
arguing about. Once I’m confidently competent, I take some time to
determine if the topic matters and if expressing my view is a valued
contribution.My example of inductive argument: My grandmother, my
mother and two aunts each had 5 children and were never married.
I am the first and oldest female grandchild which means that I will
probably be an unwed mother with 6 children. My example of
deductive argument: Ithier women have many children and zero men. I
am a decedent of Ithier women which means I will have a lot of
babies and not a man in sight. The most interesting thing I’ve
discovered this week is that I no longer believe that I am crazy.
Instead, I am an emotionally charged, aggressively biased, fallacy filled,
argumentative critically thinking human. I feel pretty good about that.
The lesson on inductive and deductive arguments took me awhile to
understand. Honestly, I need to spend more time reading the material.
Clarity and soundness are two factors that you should consider when
evaluating an argument. Being clear of what you are defending, the
structure of your reasoning and how premises lead to the conclusion
need to be clearly communicated. You must use the appropriate language
and define any terms that need clarification. Soundness in argument
validates whose premises are all true. Premises are true and the
conclusion necessarily follow from them, making the conclusion true as
well.
The difference between deductive and inductive arguments is that
deductive starts with a statement or hypothesis and then tests to see
if it's true through observation, where inductive starts with observations
and move backward towards generalization and theories. While partaking
in a critical argument, it is firstly important to remember that this is
not a quarrel, you are only trying to persuade. When evaluating the
argument as a whole, it is vital that you think about credibility
are the premises supported by the evidence that is presented? It is
also important to be involved in arguments that are sound. The
soundness of an argument is based on the premises being true and
supporting the conclusion. If these things are lacking in an argument,
it is likely not a valid one. The difference between inductive and
deductive arguments is a little tricky as it is a bit of a fine line.
A deductive argument claims that the conclusion necessarily follows the
premises, if the premises are true and valid. The example in the
book, chapter 7, “No cats are dogs. Mindy is a dog. Therefore,
Mindy is not a cat.” Dissecting this example is quite easy to
understand if the definition is not as clear. It is rather blunt, and
you can easily see that it is true. An inductive argument claims that
the conclusion probably follows the premises. The example from chapter
7 says, “Most corgis make good watch dogs. My dog Mindy is a
corgi. Therefore, Mindy is probably a good watch dog.” This example,
as you can probably tell, is a little more confusing, there are more
words and indecisive words such as “probably” are used. In my own
words, deductive arguments come from a more generalized premise, where
inductive arguments are specific and direct .After reading through the
three chapters assigned this week, I think the most interesting to study
is arguments when analogies are involved. I think it throws in a
whole new twist when arguments are already a touchy subject as they
must be very well planned, as we also learned, and wording needs
to be pristine which analogies are not. In an argument there are
many things that come into play that I believe should be focused on.
But the two I believe that should have the most attention would be
relevance and clarity. When an argument presents itself and you have
an open discussion, it's important to have a clear path (relevance) about
what it is you're discussing. If you're talking about dogs, you want
to bring relevant and similar ideas up. Which goes into clarity. To
me, clarity is very important. You need the opposing side to understand
where you are taking the conversation. Inductive reasoning is found
through an observation and deductive reasoning is found through an
experiment, inductive starts with data, and then takes that data and
turn it into research. Deductive reasoning is starting with a theory or
idea, and then moving to a hypothesis and then moves onto research.
This week, it has been interesting to see all the different