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.b Ib thinkb web allb tendb tob useb logicb onb ab dailyb basis.b Web useb itb inb ourb communicationb
withb others.b Web useb itb withb theb decisionsb thatb web makeb throughoutb theb day.b Web
makeb choicesb basedb onb thatb logic.Ib amb generallyb anb optimist.b Theb majorityb ofb myb
familyb tendb tob pessimistic.b Thisb leadsb tob disagreementb onb ab regularb basis.b Ib thenb
tryb usingb logicb tob explainb situationsb insteadb ofb lettingb thereb oneb sideb tob anb argument.b
Specificallyb withb myb husband,b whenb Ib attemptb tob logicb heb canb getb ab littleb irritated.b
Heb feelsb Ib amb notb takingb hisb sideb orb agreeingb withb himb automatically.b Whatb Ib amb
doing,b isb notb necessarilyb disagreeing,b butb tryingb tob getb tob seeb thereb areb otherb waysb
tob lookb atb ab situation.b Anb exampleb wasb recently.b Heb hadb ab disagreementb withb ab
managerb atb hisb jobb ab fewb weeksb ago.b Theyb hadb ab discussionb onb theb phoneb ab fewb
daysb agob andb apparentlyb theb managerb didn’tb haveb ab lotb tob sayb tob himb sob heb
assumedb thatb theb managerb wasb stillb angry.b Ib explained,b thatb althoughb thatb isb oneb
possibility,b thereb areb others.b Like,b theb managerb couldb beb havingb ab badb day,b orb
maybeb heb justb gotb someb badb news.b Thereb areb times,b whenb myb logicb makesb himb
lessb upsetb andb thatb isb reallyb myb goal.b Anb inductiveb argumentb isb usedb tob showb theb
likelihoodb thatb anb argumentb willb proveb trueb inb theb future.b Theb deductiveb argumentb
offersb ab trueb premiseb whichb guaranteesb ab trueb conclusion.b Asb youb canb see;b theb
differenceb isb thatb whileb oneb "may"b leadb tob ab trueb conclusion,b theb other,b willb leadb
tob ab trueb conclusion.b Ib useb logicb inb generalb conversationsb dailyb whenb Ib askb myb
subordinatesb tob completeb ab requiredb taskb byb ab certainb time.b Thereb isb nob questioningb
whatb Ib wantb tob getb done;b thereb isb nob questioning,b asb tob whenb itb needsb tob beb done.b
Ib haveb givenb themb theb requirement;b Ib needb theb Fourthb Floorb Conferenceb Roomb
vacuumed,b trashb removed,b andb setb upb perb theb diagramb Ib haveb givenb youb byb 10am.b
Thisb doesb notb allowb forb interpretation-b thisb isb ab deductiveb argument.b Hadb ab Ib givenb
themb anb inductiveb argument;b Ib needb theb Conferenceb Roomb cleanedb andb set-up.b Thisb
argumentb doesn'tb tellb themb whereb Ib needb theb specificb actionb doneb inb andb hasb anb
openb time.b Sob ifb theyb completedb theb task,b atb anytime,b andb atb anyb conferenceb room,b
theb conclusionb wouldb beb thatb theyb didb whatb Ib asked.b Theb differenceb betweenb
inductiveb andb deductiveb argumentb isb thatb anb inductiveb argumentb isb notb completelyb
trueb atb theb endb andb theb deductiveb argumentb isb moreb basedb onb factsb orb trueb things,b
forb example,b inductiveb argument:b theb dayb isb cloudyb itb willb probablyb rain,b deductiveb
argument:b Ib haveb anb appleb tree,b therefore,b itb willb giveb meb apples.b Logicb willb makeb
thingsb easierb whenb usingb properly,b atb workb whenb web knowb thatb thereb isb ab cutb offb
timeb forb UPSb tob pickb upb theb dailyb shipmentsb ifb web wantb ab particularb packageb tob
leaveb todayb itb willb haveb tob beb processedb beforeb theb cutoffb timeb thatb willb beb logicalb
andb basicallyb notb doingb itb willb createb problemsb atb theb endb ofb theb dayb itb isb veryb
importantb tob knowb theb differenceb andb recognizedb thatb bothb typesb ofb argumentsb areb
usedb onb ab dailyb basisb butb willb haveb tob beb balancedb cannotb useb oneb orb theb otherb
allb theb timeb whenb askb ifb youb willb beb onb timeb forb workb cannotb answerb ifb Ib wakeb
upb onb timeb willb probablyb beb onb timeb insteadb ofb wakingb upb onb timeb willb assureb
thatb Ib willb beb onb timeb forb work.b Anb inductiveb argumentb assumesb thatb somethingb isb
likely.b Theb conclusionb willb usuallyb beb likelyb ofb theb premiseb butb notb definitive.b Anb
exampleb wouldb be,b "Myb friendb likesb potatob chips.b Ib haveb anb extrab bagb ofb potatob
chips.b Myb friendb wouldb probablyb likeb itb ifb Ib gaveb myb extrab bagb ofb potatob chipsb
tob her."b Inb deductiveb argumentsb theb conclusionb isb trueb ofb theb premise.b Theb premiseb
areb presentedb asb facts.b Thenb theb conclusionb isb ab sumb ofb thoseb facts.b Anb exampleb
wouldb be,b "Ib amb ab woman.b Ib haveb brownb hair.b Therefore,b Ib amb ab brownb hairedb
woman."b Ab mostb noticeableb differenceb betweenb theb twob argumentsb areb thatb inductiveb
argumentsb assumeb somethingb isb likelyb andb deductiveb argumentsb presentb factualb
premises.b Inb ab generalb conversationb Ib thinkb thatb Ib useb inductiveb argumentsb ab lot.b Ifb
somethingb isb likelyb thenb Ib presumeb itb mayb beb true.b Ib thinkb deductiveb argumentsb areb
harderb tob comeb upb withb andb thereforeb notb usedb inb generalb conversationb asb much.b Ib
thinkb rhetoricb isb usedb ab lotb inb conversationb butb theyb areb notb veryb logical.b Theb
structureb ofb anb argumentb mattersb becauseb ifb itb isb notb specificb enoughb thenb ab
conclusionb canb beb harderb tob prove.b Itb canb confuseb theb otherb person,b beb weak,b orb
conveyb ab falseb message.b Beb sureb tob presentb theb argumentb inb ab logicalb wayb thatb isb
understandable.b Ifb youb madeb anb argumentb thatb wasb notb wellb thoughtb throughb andb itb
involvedb anotherb personb thenb itb couldb upsetb them.b Theyb couldb takeb itb theb wrongb
wayb orb notb knowb howb tob solveb theb issue.b Inductiveb argumentsb areb justb ab partialb
truth;b whileb ab deductiveb argumentb eliminatesb allb otherb possibilitiesb beforeb comingb tob
ab conclusion/decision.b Ib tendb tob beb ab pessimist.b Ib tendb tob notb believeb anythingb untilb
Ib seeb it.b Ib don’tb trustb ab lotb ofb peopleb becauseb Ib haveb beenb letb downb sob manyb
times.b Asb ab result,b Ib knowb nowb thatb Ib tendb tob useb inductiveb argumentsb ab lotb ofb
theb time.b Forb example,b mostb ofb theb time,b ourb ITb teamb doesb notb followb throughb orb
giveb usb ab headsb upb whenb somethingb hasb happenedb orb isb scheduledb tob happen.b Andb
whileb times,b unfortunately,b itb isb true,b itb isb notb alwaysb true.b Ib hopeb thatb Ib useb logicb
everyb day.b Ib thinkb thatb itb isb importantb tob thinkb thingsb throughb beforeb comingb tob
anyb decision.b Ib workb withb ab greatb teamb andb web listenb tob eachb otherb beforeb decidingb
onb anything.b Oneb personb can'tb thinkb ofb allb ofb theb possibleb outcomes/roadblocks.b Thatb
isb whyb itb isb importantb tob haveb ab greatb teamb surroundingb youb andb tob listenb tob
everyoneb beforeb makingb ab decision.b b Ib haveb foundb thisb week’sb readingb materialb
aboutb inductiveb andb deductiveb argumentsb materialb veryb interestingb andb insightful.b Myb
takeb onb differencesb ofb eachb areb thatb deductiveb argumentsb stemb fromb generalizedb
factsb whichb canb oftenb leadb tob ab trueb specificb conclusion,b whereasb inductiveb argumentsb
areb basedb onb generalizedb conclusionsb thatb useb specificb factsb tob supportb anb ideab
whichb mayb orb mayb notb leadb tob ab validb argument.b Fromb myb personalb experience,b Ib
mustb sayb thatb Ib useb deductiveb reasoningb moreb thanb inductiveb reasoningb inb generalb
conversationsb becauseb Ib generallyb provideb widespreadb statementsb tob supportb ab specificb
pointb ofb viewb whenb havingb anb argumentb orb discussionb onb ab topic.b Argumentsb canb
beb difficultb inb andb ofb itself,b asb theyb normallyb stirb upb strongb emotionsb fromb eachb
opposingb sideb tob convinceb orb persuadeb othersb thatb theirb pointb ofb viewb theb correctb
choice.b Usingb logicb andb structureb couldb haveb someb negativeb effectb onb personalb
relationshipsb andb communicationb becauseb theb personb thatb usesb suchb methods,b canb beb
perceivedb asb ab smartb aleckb orb know-it-all,b makingb theb otherb personb feelb insecureb
andb thatb theirb pointb ofb viewb isb weak,b whichb canb leadb tob anb evenb biggerb issue.b Theb
mainb differenceb betweenb inductiveb andb deductiveb argumentsb isb factb andb probability.b
Withb deductiveb arguments,b theb goalb isb tob seekb outb validity/facts.b Withb inductiveb
arguments,b it'sb basedb onb expectationsb orb theb probabilityb ofb somethingb beingb correct.Inb
regardsb tob usingb logicb inb generalb conversation,b Ib believeb it'sb importantb tob do.b Nob
matterb whatb environmentb Ib amb inb (work,b home,b orb otherwise),b Ib haveb foundb thatb
deductiveb reasoningb isb somethingb thatb Ib automaticallyb do.b Inb myb experience,b whenb
Ib haveb previouslyb usedb inductiveb reasoning,b myb argumentsb wereb weakerb orb altogetherb
invalid.b Ib avoidb thisb whenb Ib useb deductiveb reasoning.Ib can'tb thinkb ofb anyb negativeb
examplesb inb myb lifeb inb whichb Ib haveb usedb logicb andb structure.b Ib thinkb itb hasb beenb
veryb helpfulb inb myb relationshipsb andb communicationb becauseb Ib remainb open-mindedb
andb seekb outb theb truth/facts.b Ib don'tb seeb ab situationb inb whichb itb wouldb beb harmfulb
tob checkb theb theb validityb ofb ab premise/conclusion.b Deductiveb argumentsb areb argumentsb
basedb uponb factsb thatb areb alwaysb true.b Inductiveb argumentsb areb argumentsb basedb onb
probability,b sob theyb mayb orb mayb notb beb true.b Mostb ofb theb time,b Ib thinkb logicb
shouldb beb usedb inb generalb conversation.b Ifb ab personb speaksb withb logic,b moreb peopleb
willb listenb andb understandb whatb isb tryingb tob beb communicated.b However,b inb ab relaxedb
relationshipb whenb twob peopleb understandb eachb other,b itb isb notb necessaryb tob useb asb
muchb logicb becauseb goodb friendsb willb knowb whenb youb areb jokingb andb whenb youb
areb beingb serious.Inb ab workb relatedb environmentb itb isb vitalb tob useb logicb andb structureb
whileb communications.b Forb example,b ifb ab personb inb theb workplaceb constructsb ab
speechb tob giveb inb frontb ofb ab boardb ofb directors,b itb isb bestb tob formb theirb argumentb
orb motiveb forb theb speechb andb incorporateb logic,b structureb andb deductiveb reasoningb
inb orderb tob getb theb pointb acrossb andb gainb theb attentionb ofb theb peopleb onb theb board.b
Withb logic,b structureb andb facts,b theb peopleb onb theb boardb willb knowb thatb youb areb
confidentb inb yourb workb andb theyb willb gainb theb confidenceb andb acceptanceb inb yourb
workb asb well.b However,b ifb Ib triedb tob useb logicb andb structureb inb everydayb
conversationsb withb myb Fiancé,b heb wouldb getb prettyb upsetb withb meb forb alwaysb tryingb
tob beb right.b Thereb isb ab fineb balanceb betweenb personalb conversationsb andb workb
conversations.b Theyb bothb haveb theirb placeb andb canb beb crossedb atb times,b butb itb isb
importantb tob knowb whob youb areb talkingb tob beforeb youb structureb ab conversation.b Ab
Inductiveb argumentb includesb strongb supportb forb theb premisesb butb doesb notb offerb ab
guaranteeb ofb truth.b Whereasb anb deductiveb argument,b theb premisesb areb trueb withb ab
guaranteedb truthb ofb theb conclusion.Ib tryb tob useb logicb inb myb everydayb generalb
conversationsb especiallyb withb co-workers;b Ib haveb foundb thatb mostb peopleb dob whatb isb
bestb forb themselvesb therefore,b whenb ab co-workerb comesb tob meb withb ab complaintb
aboutb ourb bossb Ib askb themb tob provideb concreteb examplesb ofb theirb complaint,b thisb
helpsb meb tob decipherb ifb theb co-workerb isb beingb snideb orb trulyb hasb ab validb complaintb
aboutb ourb boss.b Myb fiancéb isb ab long-haulb truckb driverb andb web communicateb viab
textb messageb daily;b thereb areb timesb whenb Ib answerb himb inb ab wayb heb feelsb isb veryb
shortb andb therefore,b heb feelsb Ib amb upsetb withb him.b Ib haveb learnedb withb himb Ib needb
tob useb theb acronymb LOLb orb ab happyb emojib atb theb endb ofb myb messages,b sob heb
knowsb Ib amb notb upsetb withb him.b Logicallyb myb fianceb andb myselfb bothb knowb Ib amb
notb usuallyb upset.b However,b becauseb heb isb goneb forb longb periodsb ofb timeb onb theb
roadb asb wellb asb beingb alone,b heb needsb thatb reassuranceb fromb me.b Himb bringingb thisb
tob myb attention,b helpedb meb realizeb myb textb messagesb canb comeb acrossb ab bitb shortb
notb justb withb himb butb withb othersb asb well.b Ib amb nowb moreb awareb andb rereadb ab
messageb beforeb Ib sendb itb tob ensureb Ib dob notb comeb acrossb inb anb abruptb manner.b
Thereb areb twob basicb typesb ofb arguments.b Oneb typeb isb deductive.b Inb ab deductiveb
argument,b ifb theb premisesb areb trueb thenb theb conclusionb mustb beb true.b Theb otherb
typeb isb inductive.b Inb anb inductiveb argument,b ifb allb theb premisesb areb trueb thenb thereb
isb ab highb probabilityb thatb theb conclusionb isb true;b butb thatb doesn’tb guaranteeb theb
truthb ofb theb conclusion.b Theb premisesb offerb support,b notb proofb forb ab conclusion.b Anb
inductiveb argumentb canb beb alteredb byb obtainingb newb premises,b butb ab deductiveb
argumentb can’tb be.
Logicb isb usedb allb theb timeb inb conversations.b Whetherb theb conversationb isb simpleb orb
complex.b Itb helpsb youb tob notb assumeb everythingb web hearb orb areb toldb isb trueb asb
wellb asb formingb opinionsb andb judgments.Inb ourb livesb web areb constantlyb discussingb
andb debatingb thingsb withb ourb friends,b coworkers,b andb lovedb ones.b Withoutb goodb useb
ofb logicb andb structure,b relationshipsb canb beb affectedb negatively.b Thereb isb ab possibilityb
thatb thereb willb beb miscommunicationb andb havingb weakb orb untrueb argumentsb orb
opinionsb canb causeb frustrationb andb hurtb feelingsb betweenb people.b Tob preventb this,b Ib
alwaysb tryb tob stayb openb mindedb andb askb lotsb ofb questionsb forb clarity.Inductiveb
argumentb differsb fromb deductiveb argumentsb simpleb becauseb inb anb inductiveb argumentb
theb premisesb mayb beginb strongb andb seemsb tob beb trueb butb doesn'tb holdb anyb supportiveb
factsb butb partialb truthb butb theb deductiveb argumentb isb anb argumentb thatb holdsb
truthfulnessb ofb theb conclusionb andb alsob providesb supportiveb factsb forb theb argument.Onb
ab dailyb basisb Ib amb ab logicalb thinkerb whetherb Ib amb atb homeb orb atb work.b Mostb
peopleb wouldb sayb itb dependsb onb theb currentb situationb orb theb typeb ofb conversationb
theyb areb having.b Ib neverb reallyb thoughtb aboutb inductiveb thinking/argumentsb untilb now.b
Ib alwaysb haveb proof/factsb thatb canb supportb myb argumentb whenb I'mb inb myb
professionalb settingb andb evenb personal.b Someb peopleb justb likeb theb wayb theb argumentb
soundsb becauseb itb soundsb creditableb withoutb proof.Whenb usingb logicb andb structureb itb
couldb interfereb withb myb personalb relationshipsb andb alsob meb communicatingb becauseb
ib assumeb somethingb isb correctb becauseb itb soundsb goodb withoutb factsb tob supportb
itself.b Forb anb exampleb workingb theb healthcareb web dependb onb factsb andb truth.b Web
needb supportiveb informationb andb notb somethingb thatb soundsb strongb withoutb facts.b Ab
lotb ofb ourb patientb needb supportiveb factsb whichb willb determineb theirb decisions.b Ib haveb
greatb relationshipsb withb myb patientsb andb theyb trustb myb word.b Web allb communicateb
differentlyb andb web don'tb wantb tob ruinb personalb relationshipsb becauseb web lackb
communicationb skills.b Inductiveb argumentsb areb whenb theb premisesb canb moreb thanb
likelyb followb theb conclusion,b butb actb asb supportb ratherb thanb confirmationb andb proofb
forb theb conclusion.b Withb inductiveb reasoningb youb willb seeb keyb wordsb likeb "probable,"b
"mostb likely,"b andb sob on.b Withb inductiveb arguments,b Ib likeb tob thinkb thatb theyb ableb
tob hostb greyb areab becauseb itb isb justb support,b itb isb notb backingb upb theb conclusionb
byb sayingb yesb orb no.Deductiveb argumentsb haveb premisesb thatb followb theb conclusion.b
Ratherb thanb actingb asb supportb forb theb conclusion,b theyb areb actingb asb proofb forb theb
conclusion.b Deductiveb argumentsb mayb haveb keyb wordsb likeb "definitely"b andb
"absolutely."b Theb premisesb ofb ab deductiveb argumentb provideb ab guaranteedb truthb forb
theb conclusion.
Withb mostb ofb myb formalb conversations,b Ib alwaysb tryb tob useb logic.b Whenb usingb
logicb inb ab conversation,b youb areb practicingb yourb reasoningb skillsb andb youb areb wantingb
itb tob beb correctb reasoning.b Whetherb youb areb facedb withb anb issueb thatb youb areb tryingb
tob resolve,b orb ab problemb youb areb tryingb tob solveb withb anotherb person,b orb evenb forb
yourself,b youb wantb tob useb logic.b Thatb includesb openb mindedb thinking,b dismissingb
subjectsb orb factsb thatb haveb nob relationb tob theb problemb andb takingb intob considerationb
whatb isb inb frontb ofb youb andb thenb continuingb withb furtherb research.b Deductiveb
argumentsb areb presentedb withb ab premise/statementb andb thenb researchedb forb truthb
whereb inductiveb argumentsb beginb withb supportb andb nob proof,b thenb researchedb forb
theories/truth.b Ib tryb tob useb logicb whenb havingb conversationsb asb logicb isb importantb
whenb tryingb tob beb openb mindedb inb theb searchb forb truth.b Logicb assistsb usb inb decidingb
theb differenceb betweenb whatb isb trueb andb false.b Logicb andb structureb isb importantb tob
formb andb conveyb thoughtsb inb anb intellectualb mannerb andb helpsb usb tob buildb validb
argumentsb whileb offeringb supportingb information.b Inb everydayb lifeb web areb constantlyb
formingb opinionsb andb arguingb allb sortsb ofb differentb topics,b withoutb logicb andb structureb
inb theseb argumentsb personalb relationshipsb canb beb affectedb dueb tob notb presentingb fairb
argumentsb orb facts,b whichb leadb tob badb feelingsb andb frustration.b Lackb ofb
communicationb orb poorb communicationb skillsb canb affectb personalb relationshipsb inb ab
negativeb way,b whenb someoneb isb unclearb ofb whatb youb areb tryingb tob sayb orb theb toneb
inb whichb youb areb sayingb itb feelingsb canb getb hurt.b Askingb theb rightb questions,b havingb
anb openb mindb andb beingb mindfulb ofb howb youb communicateb canb makeb yourb personalb
relationshipsb andb communicationb ab positiveb experience.b Deductiveb argumentsb areb
argumentsb thatb theb premisesb guaranteesb theb truthfulnessb ofb theb judgement.b While,b
inductiveb argumentsb areb argumentsb thatb theb premisesb probablyb orb maybeb goesb tob theb
truthfulnessb ofb theb conclusion.b Deductiveb argumentsb areb thoughtb tob beb trueb orb false,b
inb contrastb inductiveb argumentsb areb merelyb strongerb orb weaker.Ib thinkb dependingb
uponb theb contextb ofb conversationsb andb whob Ib amb conversatingb with,b Ib canb useb logicb
quiteb ab bitb inb myb conversations.b Whenb youb areb simplyb talkingb aboutb howb someone'sb
dayb hasb been,b youb canb easilyb useb inductiveb reasoningb dependingb onb howb theyb
answerb youb tob inferb thingsb aboutb theirb dayb thatb mayb orb mayb notb beb correct.Whenb
usingb logicb andb structureb itb couldb affectb myb personalb relationshipsb andb
communicationsb byb comingb tob wrongfulb conclusionsb fromb timeb tob time.b Thisb couldb
affectb myb relationshipsb negativelyb sinceb Ib amb assumingb thatb whatb Ib probablyb thinkb
isb true.b Ib thinkb whenb communicatingb withb people,b especiallyb onesb youb dob notb knowb
asb well,b usingb inductiveb argumentsb canb beb notb theb bestb wayb tob approachb thingsb
sinceb theyb areb notb alwaysb factualb conclusions.b Nowadays,b communicatingb effectivelyb
withb oneb anotherb canb beb hardb sinceb everyoneb communicatesb inb theirb ownb way.
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