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A program depends on data to be properly stored and handled. The data storage
format selected must be appropriate for what the program intends to do. Data
can be stored as a file or a database - object-oriented, relational, multidimensional.
The selected data storage format needs to consider processing efficiency to make
the program as fast as possible while maintaining reliability, security, and
availability. A relational database is the most used database. A relational database
is a collection of tables, which each contains a primary key, that can be related
to each other using the primary key to tie them together. Relational databases
allow for referential integrity which allows the database to ensure that the
information is valid. Structured Query Language (SQL) is the standard language
for access the data.
NoSQL databases do not use the relational model or SQL. These can include
document-oriented databases, wide column stores, and graph databases. These
databases support high transaction rates and can store audio, video, and image
files which do not fit well into a relational structure. System, language and
databases are very important when putting together information systems. The data
base is going to be where all the information that the code is creating is going
to be stored in. The language is going to be what combination of characters are
used in order to retrieve the information. Have a good understanding of databases
is good for being able to troubleshoot errors of food, and the proper way of
maneuvering around effectively. Program design and data storage design work hand
in hand to ensure efficient and effective system development. Program design can
be understood as the blueprint for a software application responsible for things
such as functionalities, algorithms and interactions. Data design is responsible for
the organization and storage needed from the software. Accessing information is
important and program design has to work around data storage design to make
sure accessing information is quick. Program design propels data storage design.
The design of the program will decide the types of data to be stored, their
relationships, and access patterns. This will also sway the data storage design
decisions like the choice of database model. On the other hand data storage
design determines program design. The chosen data storage design affects the
program design in terms of data retrieval, manipulation, and storage operations.
The program has to be compatible with the chosen data storage solution
efficiently.When comparing two types of databases I think it is a good idea to
consider relational databases (SQL) and NoSQL databases. Relational databases use
a structured schema to organize data into tables with predefined relationships.
They provide efficient data consistency and support powerful querying capabilities
through SQL. Relational databases are suitable for applications with well-defined
schema. An examples would be banks. NoSQL databases are designed for handling
large volumes of unstructured/semi-structured data. They offer flexible schemas and
horizontal scalability. NoSQL databases come in different types such as key-value
stores (Redis), document databases (MongoDB), etc. NoSQL databases are
commonly used in applications requiring high performance, scalability, and real-
time data processing, such as Instagram. To begin, program design and data
storage design are closely related and dependent on each other. Program design
determines the structure and functionality of the software, while data storage design
determines how the data is organized and stored within the software. The data
storage design will depend on the program design due to the fact that the design
of the program will affect its size, accessibility and change how the data is kept
in the program. Because of this the data storage will be significantly impacted
by the architecture of the project. The two types of databases I will be getting
into are single-file or file database.
and multi-file or structured database. Single-file database cross-platform and can
be accessed on any machine. You would use file databases in the event of
storing the username and password, entities and attributes, contact details and
product details. You would use a structured database in scenarios where there is
need to store the known structured data which posses a finite individual or a
finite application that are accessing the database.
Program design and data storage design are closely interrelated in the context of
database systems. Program design involves designing the software applications that
interact with the database, while data storage design focuses on designing the
underlying structures and mechanisms for storing and retrieving data efficiently.
The relationship and dependencies between the two can be summarized as follows:
1. Data Access and Manipulation: Program design heavily depends on the data
storage design to efficiently access and manipulate data. The structure and
organization of the database affect the design of the program's queries,
transactions, and data manipulation operations.
2. Performance: The program design and data storage design impact the
performance of the system. The efficiency of the data storage design, such
as indexing strategies, partitioning, and caching mechanisms, can influence
the performance of program operations that rely on data retrieval and
3. Data Integrity and Constraints: Program design and data storage design
collaborate to enforce data integrity and constraints. The program design
defines the logic and rules for data validation and enforcement, while the
data storage design implements mechanisms like primary keys, foreign keys,
and constraints to ensure consistency and integrity.
4. Scalability: Program design and data storage design play a vital role in
achieving scalability. The program design should be scalable to handle
increased user load and changing requirements, while the data storage design
should support efficient data distribution, replication, and partitioning to scale
horizontally or vertically.
Now let's compare and contrast two types of databases: relational databases and
NoSQL databases.
1. Relational Databases:
2. Relational databases store data in structured tables with predefined schemas.
They use SQL (Structured Query Language) for querying and manipulating
data. Relational databases are known for their strong data consistency, ACID
(Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) properties, and support for
complex relationships between entities. They are suitable for applications
that require data integrity, transactional consistency, and complex queries.
Examples of use cases include:
Banking systems: Relational databases ensure the accuracy and consistency
of financial transactions, enforce constraints, and support complex queries
for generating reports and analytics.
Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems: Relational databases provide a
structured approach to manage various business processes, such as inventory,
sales, and human resources.
1. NoSQL Databases:
2. NoSQL databases are designed to handle unstructured and semi-structured
data. They offer flexible schemas, horizontal scalability, and high availability.
NoSQL databases do not rely on fixed table structures and support various
data models like key-value, document, columnar, and graph. They are
suitable for applications that require massive scalability, high write
throughput, and schema flexibility. Examples of use cases include:
Social media platforms: NoSQL databases can handle high volumes of user-
generated data, such as posts, comments, and likes, with ease. They provide
horizontal scalability to accommodate millions of users.
Internet of Things (IoT) applications: NoSQL databases can handle diverse
and unstructured data generated by IoT devices, such as sensor readings,
logs, and geospatial data, efficiently.
In summary, the choice between relational and NoSQL databases depends on
factors such as data structure, consistency requirements, scalability needs, and the
nature of the application. Relational databases are well-suited for structured data
and applications that require data integrity and complex queries. NoSQL databases
excel in handling unstructured data and providing horizontal scalability for
applications with high volumes of data and varying schemas.
Relationships and conditions are how a component uses or depends on other
Level 2 - Relationships and dependencies between program and information storage
Information storage configuration is based on the program schedule. This is
especially evident in the way program organization affects the size and how it
is achieved, and thus how information storage is performed in the program.
Information storage is therefore heavily influenced by program planning.
Different information stores are created for each exceptional piece of primary
information. This shows that it is possible to adjust the program's programming
schedule. One model is the different information storage of DAS and NAS,
leading to contrasting program plans.
types of information bases
There are two types of information databases -
1) Single record or document information database -
Records of this type are user names and secret phrases, items and properties,
contact details, and when deleting item details used for
2) Multi-Record or Structured Record -
This type of record is used in situations where it is necessary to store organized
information that is expected to be reached by a limited number of people or
Databases and data storage are an integral part of systems development, deciding
on which database and data format to use will dictate how efficiently the system
will operate. It is important to choose the correct database when designing the
system, or the user experience might be diminished and the system will be a
failure. Relational databases are the well known and structured query language, or
SQL, is used to access the data stored. Other types of databases include, legacy
database, object-oriented database, and NoSQL database, just to name a few. They
each are used in a scenario to maximize the efficiency of how the data is
accessed, and each has disadvantages and advantages, that should be taken into
consideration. For example, object-oriented is best used when supporting audio and
video data types. Netflix and other over the top streaming services can utilize
this type of database, since their systems encompass complex audio and video
and many of them use object-oriented programming. However, these type of
databases can cost much more than other types of databases, and they are not
widely accepted. NoSQL databases are used with big data. Many companies utilize
this big data in order to compile data so that they can use that data for
marketing and other research. Grocery store bonus programs entice people to sign
up for their programs, so that they can collect data from the consumers so that
they can track shopping data. It is important to read privacy policies in order
to know how companies use the data that we give them access to. Program
design and data storage design are not unlike symbiotic lifeforms; as they need
each other to work. The program design phase directly affects the data storage
design and vice versa because of the way it'll all work in the end. Your end-
users will use the program to access and manipulate the data [storage] when the
project is completed, so it is essential these two design phases are coordinated.
The type of data storage design will depend greatly on the type of program
being developed and for what industry/project it's being developed for. Relational
databases are most common with their management systems being terms we've
heard like SQL. They tend to be used for a lot of banking and general business
management systems. There are other types of databases that are not relational
such as NoSQL as well, these generally are utilized in systems that deal with a
large volume of unstructured data and have far more flexibility. These tend to
also be a lot more scalable in design and work well in cloud computing. Program
design and Data design work closely together and need each other with the
development of systems. The logical design of the program can directly influence
the design of data storage. Data storage design provides the necessary infrastructure
components to store and retrieve data required by the program. It ensures that
the data is organized and accessible based on the programs needs. The
dependencies and requirements of the program can also influence the design of
the data storage. A relational database organizes data into tables. They use a
structured query language (SQL) for manipulating and querying data. They establish
relationships between tables using keys. Thes are databases are for example My
Sql and Orale. No SQL databases or Non -relational databases are designed to
handle large volumes of unstructured data. They have flexible schema designs
allowing for scalable storage and often used in cloud computing environments.
Program design and data storage design is a big part of the design phase in the
SDLC life cycle. The program design is the layout of the program before it is
actually coded in a chosen coding language. If done correctly it'll make the life
of the program longer. The data storage design establishes the data storage format.
It shows how data is managed and stored. Multimedia database is a data base
that stores multimedia such as audio, videos, and images. This database can be
used in many things. You can use it in creating a webpage. Although there may
be I have not seen any websites without images. You could also use them in
video games which contains all audio, video, and images. Another database is the
NoSQL database. This database is for storing and retrieving data. NoSQL databases
are typically faster when storing and retrieving information and are considered
more flexible. What I would use this database for is customer tracking, online
shopping, and big data. I can't cover all of what these two databases can do or
are capable of but that's the basics. Program Design models explains how your
organization defines
Value proposition: how your organization distinguishes itself from the
competition rr
Products and services: what your organization offers, how those offerings
work, and why your prospects need them
Impact: the measurable change your organization expects to make rr rr
Partners and customers: who your organization seeks to collaborate with
and serve rr
Talent: who and how your organization recruits team members
Resources: the tools and connections your organization needs to succeed
and how you will acquire and maintain them
Revenue: how your organization will financially sustain and grow its efforts
Data storage Design is how data storage and handling by programs running the
system takes place.
The main steps of data storage design are to:
Select the data storage format
Convert the previously made logical data model into a physical data model
Ensure that the ERDs and DFDs balance
Design the selected data storage format to optimize its processing efficiency
Program and design work together when gathering and storing data. The
dependence between the two has to do with the program design meeting
conditions of data design in order to keep them working in sync. The program
design can have a direct impact on the data storage design since the architecture
of the program will affect its size and how it is accessed, thus changing how
the data is stored in the program. Varied data stores are created for each different
structural data, indicating that the program design will change. An example of
two types of database storage is direct-attached storage (DAS) and Network
accessed storage (NAS), which create variations in the program design. DAS “is
a digital storage system directly attached to a host computer accessing it.
Examples of DAS include:
Internal hard drives and SSDs
External hard drives and SSDs
USB flash drives” (Ciphertex, 2021).
NAS “refers to a self-contained storage system that’s attached to a local area
network (LAN) or a wide area network (WAN). All devices connected to the
network can be granted access by the network administrator to the data stored
on the NAS system. It comprises portable NAS servers and network management
software that permits different users to log in to the storage system.” Two forms
of databases are single-file and structured. A single file database is used to store
things like username and password, contact and product details. A structured or
multi-filed database is used to store the unpredictable and unstructured data which
posses a finite individual or a finite application that is accessing the database.
Data storage designs are incorporated into program design, which also decides
how data should be kept and the ideal storage format for each sort of data.
Program design and program requirements serve as the foundation for data storage
design. The type of software, as well as the program's demands for speed and
security, must all be considered in the data storage architecture. The relationship
between the program design and data storage design is that they both have to
work simultaneously for the retrieval and saving of data. As far as dependencies,
the program design has to meet the given condition of the data storage design
to work out in a unison and the program design is responsible for querying and
saving the data in the data storage.The 2 types of databases I would like to
discuss is the relational and non-relational databases. The differences between the
two is that the relational databases store data in rows and columns, similar to a
spreadsheet, whereas non-relational databases do not. Applications that require data
to be structured in tables, such accounting systems, use these databases. It's
important to take your application's kind into account when choosing the sort of
database to utilize. Relational databases work best for applications like accounting
systems that need data to be kept in tables. Applications like document stores
and web apps that don't need the data to be structured in tables should use non-
relational databases. The relationship between program design and data storage
design is that they work together to make a functional system efficient for the
user. Program designs are instructions developed in programming languages that
automate, collect, manage, calculate, and analyze the processing of data and
information accurately. There are three broad areas of activities: understanding the
program, using design tools to create a model, and developing test data. On the
other hand,
data storage designs process information and stores files or folders by computer
decoded into a form that is efficient for movement or processing and can be in
the form of text, documents, images, audio, or clips. Programs are used to speed
up input and output processes in a machine. While data is used to establish a
baseline and help one to visualize the relationship among the different locations,
departments, and systems.
Types of databases:
Cloud Database is a hosting solution given by a third-party provider. It is a pay-
as-you-go solution minimalizing initial investments needed to acquire data space
while expanding as more resources are required.
On-premises database is an in-house database. Therefore, all the software,
infrastructure, and administration needed for support is local.
Between the two, my choice would be the on-premises database because of the
security and control. In addition, it's best for storing sensitive information since
it's in-house. The user is in control of the information providing levels of
regulations and privacy. The relationship between program design and data storage
design is highly interconnected, with each impacting the other significantly.
Program design determines the software application's structure and logic, including
data manipulation. Data storage design focuses on efficient organization and
storage, ensuring accessibility and integrity.
Relational databases (e.g., MySQL, PostgreSQL) arrange data into tables with
predefined schemas, supporting complex relationships. They excel in scenarios
requiring data integrity, like financial systems or e-commerce platforms. NoSQL
databases (e.g., MongoDB, Cassandra) offer a flexible schema-less approach,
facilitating fast storage of unstructured data. They suit high-performance applications
with evolving schemas, such as social media platforms or real-time analytics.For
instance, an online marketplace may rely on a relational database to ensure
consistent product inventory and orders. Conversely, a social media platform
handling vast user-generated content may choose a NoSQL database for scalability
and accommodating dynamic schemas. In summary, the choice between database
types hinges on application requirements. Relational databases ensure integrity for
structured data, while NoSQL databases offer scalability and flexibility for
unstructured or rapidly changing data in high-performance scenarios. The
relationship between program design and data storage design is like how we fly
in the airport. In the airport we have planes, gates, passengers, and security that
allow us to safely travel to our destination. The whole airport is the program
design that tells us where to go and when to go. The planes are the tables that
stores a common trait of data or in this case where is the plane going. They
both are needed to make the whole airport function properly and people are in
the correct flight. The airport also needs to guide other planes that are arriving
to a correct place and also needs to guide the plane that are departing to correct
location. With all that in mind, the airport those have a temporary place for
passengers to be stored till their plane arrives and sends them off to another
airport where they can arrived at their correct location. Just like the airports the
program design also have security built to make sure all the passengers have ID
and that they are safe passengers to make the travel. Hopefully I made sense in
this comparison.They are several types of database out there but SQL and NoSQL
is the most common database that people use for their projects. SQL organize
data into tables with predefine relationship between them. where as NoSQL is
unstructured database where it does not need table to be stores. It is useful for
fast growing data and rapidly changing data also. Really difference in program
designing and then data storage design is really how information may be handled.
as if lets say I wanted to design a data storage facility to just be one big
dependency, it would work out great as it would provide a lot of failsafe’s for
a company trying to keep documents in the event of a disaster. This being that
your network