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Research Paper: Part 1 – Cases Summary Instructions
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Strayer University
CRJ 310 - Law Enforcement Operations and Management
Research Paper: Part 1 – Cases Summary Instructions
Since 1963, a series of United States Supreme Court case decisions have clarified that
in+criminal+cases, prosecutors must disclose to the defense evidence favorable to the defendant.
This includes information that may be used to impeach the credibility of government witnesses,
including+law+enforcement officers. These decisions mean that police officers who have
documented histories of lying in official matters are liabilities to their agencies, and these
histories may render them unable to testify credibly.+
Summarize the main issues that are involved in the following United States Supreme Court
cases. You must have pages, not including your title page.+
Salinas v. Texas - Analyzing the Right to Silence:
Salinas v. Texas is a U.S. Supreme Court case from 2013 that delves into the right to remain
silent and the implications of pre-arrest silence during police interrogations. Answer the
following questions:
1. What constitutional issue did Salinas v. Texas address, and how did the case
contribute to the legal standards surrounding the right to remain silent, specifically
examining the implications of a suspect's pre-arrest silence?
Salinas v. Texas, a case decided by the United States Supreme Court in 2013, addressed the
constitutional issue related to the Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination. The specific
question in the case was whether a defendant's silence during a voluntary pre-arrest police
interview could be used against them at trial.
In Salinas, Genovevo Salinas voluntarily answered some questions during a police investigation
into a murder. However, when the officers asked about the shotgun shells found at the crime
scene and whether his shotgun would match the shells, Salinas chose to remain silent. Later, at
trial, the prosecution used Salinas's pre-arrest silence against him as evidence of guilt.
The Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, held that the prosecution could use Salinas's pre-arrest
silence as evidence of guilt. The majority opinion, written by Justice Samuel Alito, emphasized
that Salinas had not expressly invoked his Fifth Amendment right to remain silent. The Court
distinguished between remaining silent and explicitly invoking the right, stating that the privilege
against self-incrimination must be expressly invoked to be applicable.