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Research Paper: Part 1 – Cases Summary Instructions
Student Name
Strayer University
CRJ 310 - Law Enforcement Operations and Management
Research Paper: Part 1 – Cases Summary Instructions
Since 1963, a series of United States Supreme Court case decisions have clarified that in+criminal+cases,
prosecutors must disclose to the defense evidence favorable to the defendant. This includes information
that may be used to impeach the credibility of government witnesses, including+law+enforcement
officers. These decisions mean that police officers who have documented histories of lying in official
matters are liabilities to their agencies, and these histories may render them unable to testify credibly.+
Summarize the main issues that are involved in the following United States Supreme Court cases. You
must have pages, not including your title page.+
Assignment 1 Whren v. United States, 517 U.S. 806 (1996):
Case Description:
Whren v. United States addressed the issue of pretextual stops and whether a traffic stop could be
constitutionally valid if the police officer's motivation for the stop was not the observed traffic violation
but another, unrelated reason. In this case, the police stopped a vehicle for a traffic violation but had an
ulterior motive related to suspected drug activity.
1. What constitutional issue did Whren v. United States address, and how did the case contribute to
the legal standards surrounding pretextual stops and the subjective motivations of law
enforcement officers during traffic stops?
2. Define the standard set forth in Whren v. United States for determining the constitutionality of a
traffic stop when the officer's motivation may be pretextual.
3. Discuss any concerns raised by the dissenting justices in the Whren decision and the potential
implications of allowing pretextual stops for civil liberties.
4. Provide a brief overview of the factual background of Whren v. United States, emphasizing the
circumstances that led to the legal dispute and the subsequent Supreme Court decision.
5. How has Whren v. United States influenced the practices of law enforcement in conducting
traffic stops and the legal analysis of pretextual stops?
Grading Rubric.
Criteria Points
Possible Points
Earned Instructor’s Comments All key components of the case are explained. 20
Clear, logical !ow to paper. 20
Major points are stated clearly. 20
Major points are supported by the following: