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The current technology will heavily influence future medical technology due to
various research and advancements initiated by technological evolution. Two technology
solutions present great opportunities for the enhancement of the medical practice. This
discussion mainly focuses on the brain-computer interface and Nano-robots technology
and their influence on the medical field in the next five years. The brain-computer
interface serves as an intermediary between the brain and an external appliance. On the
other hand, nano-robots are robots possessing unique qualities and designed to achieve
certain tasks. Like any other technology concept, future technologies have their strengths
and weaknesses during their implementation, as captured in this discussion. The brain-
computer interface will enhance communication of the disabled in various ways like
auditory data transmission of a deaf person from their mind to enable them to hear (Future
Medical Technology Analyzed and Discussed | Future Technology 500, n.d.). Gamers will
also be able to control different gaming elements with their minds. The paralyzed patients
will be capable of controlling their prosthetic limbs using their minds. The use of
keyboards and mice will gradually be phased out with the implementation of the brain-
computer interface (Mudgal et al., 2020). On the downside, the researcher's doubt about its
ethical status may stunt its development, and its research is in the initial stages slowing its
implementation. The electrodes placed within the skull might also lead to scars on the
brain tissue. Lastly, Nano-robots will assist in solving medical issues like cancer and
minimize mortality and morbidity levels, consequently increasing longevity. Disease
management will be more efficient thus cutting costs on various medical resources. Some
of the expected limitations of nano-robots are ethical issues posed to researchers over
safety issues, minimal knowledge of nanoparticles in the regular human processes, and
concerns over the nanoparticle’s effect on the human body and environment (Future
Medical Technology Analyzed and Discussed | Future Technology 500, n.d.).
Technology enthusiasts vouch for the ability of technology to influence clinical
practice, particularly treatments and trials. Technologies such as the brain-computer
interface (BCI) have revolutionized various areas of healthcare. For example, BCI has
enhanced neuro-modulation in stroke patients by expanding treatment capabilities and
providing diverse feedback obtained from nerve stimulation and also includes motor
images. Clinical trials on stroke patients have highlighted the efficacy of BCI in improving
motor movements, especially in the upper limb. While BCI is more effective than
traditional rehabilitation therapies, BCI rehabilitation methods can have different levels of
efficiency depending on the electrical stimulation features. The use of band power and
functional electrical stimulation technologies is likely to yield better results (Mansour et
al., 2022). Technologies such as robotic surgery increase the chances of a quicker recovery
process and minimize scarring. Complex procedures that would be unachievable through
other methods can efficiently be conducted through robotic surgery. Practices such as
making smaller incisions reduce infection rates besides minimizing infection rates.
Patients take shorter periods in medical facilities, and there exists minimal blood loss,
therefore, lowering transfusions (Future Medical Technology Analyzed and Discussed |
Future Technology 500, n.d.). Diagnosis can also be accurately made due to the
synchronization of medical databases over time. These benefits increase the chances of a
better cure, especially when a patient is accurately diagnosed. The advanced features in
modern healthcare technology solutions are unmatched. For example, the use of personal
holograms to monitor brain function could greatly enhance psychotherapy. However, the
relationship between E-therapy offered by holograms and traditional face-to-face therapy
is quite close; thus, effectiveness levels are almost similar. A study by6APA Psych
Net6showed that holographic psychotherapy is an excellent addition to psychological
counseling but equally effective. Therefore, a symbiotic relationship between the two
therapies is acknowledged. Overall, holograms have been established to improve cognitive
processing and reassess patients' beliefs, a task named cognitive flexibility (APA PsycNet,
n.d.). The possibility of modifying cognitive processing is an exercise that is easier
achieved through technology, thus asserting the superiority of technological interventions
(Aghajani et al., 2021).
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Reference s
Aghajani, S., Khoshsorour, S., & Taghizadeh Hir, S. (2021). The Effects of Holographic
Reprocessing Therapy on Cognitive Flexibility and Posttraumatic Growth in
Women With Breast Cancer.6Journal of Arak University of Medical
Sciences,624(1), 108–121. https://doi.org/10.32598/jams.24.1.5880.2
APA PsycNet. (n.d.). Psycnet.apa.org. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2013-35419-004
Future Medical Technology Analyzed and Discussed | Future Technology 500. (n.d.).
Www.futuretechnology500.com. Retrieved May 23, 2022, from
https://www.futuretechnology500.com/index.php/future-medical-technology/
Mansour, S., Ang, K. K., Nair, K. P. S., Phua, K. S., & Arvaneh, M. (2021). Efficacy of
Brain–Computer Interface and the Impact of Its Design Characteristics on
Poststroke Upper-limb Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of
Randomized Controlled Trials.6Clinical EEG and Neuroscience,
155005942110090. https://doi.org/10.1177/15500594211009065
Mudgal, S., Sharma, S., & Sharma, A. (2020). Brain computer interface advancement in
neurosciences: Applications and issues.6Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery,620,
100694. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.inat.2020.100694
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