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CJ 210 Assignment 2-2 Template
CJ-210 The United States Correctional System
Shane Smith
01/15/23
Complete the table below by replacing the bracketed text with your responses. An example has
been provided in the first row.
Ideology/Purpose Sentencing
Structure
Effects
Example:
Retribution
Example:
Mandatory
minimum
Example: Mandatory minimums are aimed at imposing fixed
penalties for offenders committing similar crimes and typically
result in tougher penalties for more serious offenders. Retribution
refers to “just deserts” and “an eye for an eye.” According to the
textbook, Corrections Today (2014), the goal of retribution is to
impose punishment that holds the offender accountable and that
is proportionate to the crime. Retribution is not concerned with
future outcome, only that the offender is held accountable and
that the appropriate punishment is granted (Siegel & Bartollas,
2014). A first-time nonviolent offender, then, should be treated
less severely than a repeat offender. Mandatory minimum
sentencing laws seem to be perfectly aligned with the goal of
retribution. Laws such as three-strikes and truth in sentencing
result in harsher penalties for repeat and/or violent offenders. It
must be mentioned that mandatory minimums may interfere with
other long term goals, such as struggles with reentry.
Siegel, L & Bartollas, C. (2014). Corrections Today,
Second Edition. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Rehabilitation Indeterminate
Sentencing
In the textbook Corrections Today (2019), indeterminate
sentencing is defined as a “sentence that permits early release
from a correctional institution after the offender has served a
References
Johnson, B. (2009). Sentencing. SAGE Publications, Inc.,
https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412971997
MacKENZIE, D. L. (2001). Corrections and Sentencing in the 21
st
Century: Evidence-Based
Corrections and Sentencing. The Prison Journal, 81 (3), 299-312.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0032885501081003001
Siegel, L. J. (2017). Corrections Today, 4
th
Edition. Cengage Learning.
https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/books/9781337514859
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