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INTRINSICh SPIRITUALITYh ANDh GRITh h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h
h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h 1
Intrinsich Spiritualityh andh Grit:h Perseveranceh andh Passionh forh Longh Termh Goals
Abstract
Spiritualityh ish oftenh viewedh ash religiosityh withh ah conceptualizedh ideah thath mosth spiritualityh
involvesh (denominationh andh non-denomination)h churchh worshiph ash wellh ash organizedh
celebrationsh ofh one’sh religion.h Theh ideah thath religiosityh musth consisth ofh ah specifiedh practice,h
withh theh commitmenth toh theh religionh itselfh hash broughth onh (toh many)h ah desireh toh liveh ah lifeh
ofh divineh connectionh withh oneselfh andh withh othersh whileh creatingh ah senseh ofh successh
throughh meaningfulh work,h divineh worship,h andh commitment.h h Spiritualityh aloneh ish noth ah
vehicleh toh success,h andh althoughh theh applicationh ofh perseveranceh inh (one’s)h dailyh lifeh willh
bringh byh ah senseh ofh completionh andh achievement,h withouth spirituality,h ith mayh noth alwaysh
bringh ah feelingh ofh self-worth.h Ah studyh hash beenh conductedh toh findh theh correlationh betweenh
theh applicationh ofh spiritualityh inh one’sh lifeh andh itsh effecth onh (one’s)h grit:h perseveranceh andh
passionh forh longh termh goals.h
Keywords:h Spirituality,h religiosity,h commitment,h grit
Results
Createdh toh assessh theh relationshiph betweenh Intrinsich Spiritualityh andh Grit:h
Perseveranceh andh Passionh forh Longh Termh Goals,h thish surveyh consistedh ofh ah sampleh sizeh ofh
21h participantsh withh agesh rangingh fromh 18h toh aboveh 49h yearsh ofh age.h Participantsh aboveh theh
ageh ofh 49h accountedh forh 42.85%h ofh participants,h participantsh ageh grouph betweenh 18-24h ash
wellh ash participantsh ageh grouph 33-40h accountedh forh 9.5%h ofh surveyh participants,h ageh grouph
25-32h accountedh forh 14.28%h ofh participantsh andh participantsh ageh grouph 41-48h madeh uph
INTRINSICh SPIRITUALITYh ANDh GRITh h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h
h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h 2
23.8%h ofh participantsh (Figureh 1),h withh ah meanh ofh 3.76h andh 1.41h standardh deviationh (Figureh
2).h Datah collectionh tookh placeh viah ah surveyh andh wash distributedh toh participantsh viah email.h
Surveyh wash conductedh viah ah googleh formh andh filledh outh byh 21h ofh theh 50h potentialh surveyh
participants.h Surveyh wash confidentialh toh protecth theh participantsh privacyh andh purposeh ofh
studyh wash disclosedh onh googleh form.h Thereh wereh noh conflictsh inh datah collectionh norh
conductionh ofh researchh study.h
1. Participanth Ageh Grouph 18h h 24
2h h 9.5%
2. Participanth Ageh Grouph 25h h 32
3h h 14.28%
3. Participanth Ageh Grouph 33h h 40h
2h h 9.5%
4. Participanth Ageh Grouph 41h h 48h
5h h 23.8%
5. Participanth Ageh Grouph 49h h andh olderh
9h h 42.85%
Figureh 1
Descriptiveh Statistic:h Ageh ofh Participantsh
N
Minimum
Maximum
Std.h
Deviation
Age
21
1.00
5.00
1.41084
Validh Nh (listwise)
21
Figureh 2h
Theh purposeh ofh thish studyh ish toh findh theh correlationh betweenh one’sh levelh ofh intrinsich
spiritualityh andh howh ith affectsh theirh grit:h perseveranceh forh longh termh goals.h Theh nullh
hypothesish statesh thath thereh ish noh relationshiph betweenh theh levelh ofh intrinsich spiritualityh andh
one’sh grit:h Perseveranceh andh Passionh forh Longh Termh Goals.h Ah Pearson’sh rh correlationh testh
INTRINSICh SPIRITUALITYh ANDh GRITh h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h
h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h 3
reveledh thath thereh wash ah significanth relationshiph betweenh intrinsich spiritualityh andh grit:h
perseveranceh andh passionh forh longh termh goals,h r(21)h =h .024,h p=.490h (Figureh 3),h CI=h .95h
(Figureh 4)h thereforeh weh rejecth theh nullh hypothesish andh findh thath grit:h perseveranceh andh
passionh forh longh termh goalsh ish affectedh byh one’sh intrinsich spirituality.h h
Pearson’sh rh Correlationh Testh forh Intrinsich Spiritualityh andh Grit:h Perseveranceh forh Longh Termh Goals
Intrinsich Spirituality
Grit:h Perseverance
Intrinsich Spirituality
Pearsonh Correlation
1
-.490
*
Sig.h (2-tailed)h
.024
N
21
21
Grit:h Perseverance
Pearsonh Correlation
-.490
*
1
Sig.h (2-tailed)
.024
N
21
21
*.h Correlationh ish significanth ath theh 0.05h levelh (2-tailed).
Figureh 3
Figureh 4
INTRINSICh SPIRITUALITYh ANDh GRITh h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h
h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h 4
Discussionh
Highlyh influencedh byh spirituality,h one’sh perseveranceh embedsh significanceh andh
meaningh toh one’sh qualityh ofh lifeh despiteh religioush affiliations.h Suchh feelingh ofh meaningh andh
completenessh allowsh forh self-connection,h self-realizationh andh ah mindseth thath encompassesh
positivityh andh satisfactionh (Duttah andh Singh,h 2017).h Theh studyh conductedh viah surveyh toh findh
theh correlationh betweenh intrinsich spiritualityh andh grit:h perseveranceh andh passionh forh lifelongh
goals,h showedh ah significanth relationshiph betweenh theh twoh variables.h Mosth participantsh inh theh
studyh wereh middleh agedh andh overh theh ageh ofh 49,h whichh imposedh someh limitationsh toh theh
studyh resultsh ash theseh participantsh haveh moreh lifeh experienceh andh showh ah heightenedh levelh
ofh gratitudeh inh comparisonh toh youngerh adults.h Anotherh studyh conductedh onh “Gratitudeh
acrossh theh lifeh Span:h Ageh differencesh andh Linksh toh Subjectiveh Wellbeing”h showsh levelsh ofh
optimismh andh interpersonalh strengthh toh beh moreh prominenth inh theh olderh years,h confirmingh
myh theoryh onh theh limitationh ofh myh ownh study.h Theseh characteristicsh includeh forgiveness,h
positivity,h andh attachmenth securityh (Chopik,h Newtonh andh Jardenh 2017).h Otherh studiesh haveh
beenh conductedh toh findh theh relationshiph betweenh chronologicalh ageh andh itsh associationh withh
gratitudeh andh showedh similarh resultsh inh theh significanceh relationshiph betweenh theh twoh
variables.h Oneh theoryh suggestsh thath becauseh gratitudeh ish anh evolutionaryh mechanism,h ith hash
ah tendencyh ofh bringingh individualsh together,h andh dueh toh agingh adultsh havingh ah growingh
understandingh thath theirh lifetimeh ish limited,h theyh areh moreh likelyh toh beh grateful,h positiveh andh
showh ah higherh levelh ofh perseveranceh toh achieveh theirh lifelongh goals,h indicatingh agingh adultsh
areh moreh likelyh toh emphasizeh priorityh inh meaningfulh goalsh thanh thoseh inh theirh youngerh years.
INTRINSICh SPIRITUALITYh ANDh GRITh h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h
h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h 5
Ath theh infancyh stageh ofh myh studyh onh theh relationshiph betweenh intrinsich spiritualityh
andh grit:h perseveranceh forh lifeh termh goals,h thereh wash ah highh levelh ofh interesth inh findingh howh
intrinsich spiritualityh affectedh one’sh grith andh perseverance.h Onceh studyh wash conductedh andh
resultsh showedh ah muchh higherh numberh ofh olderh participantsh inh myh study,h Ih foundh theh
limitationh ofh myh studyh wash ah contributingh factorh toh theh limitationh ofh myh researchh andh Ih
researchedh thish limitationh further.h Furtherh studiesh onh findingh whath percentageh ofh youngh
adultsh areh motivatedh byh spiritualityh andh whyh theyh differh fromh thoseh thath doh noth fallh inh theh
sameh ageh categoryh areh recommended.h Findingh theh variableh thath servesh ash ah drivingh factorh
forh youngerh adultsh inh theirh grit:h perseveranceh andh passionh forh lifelongh goalsh wouldh beh
beneficialh andh theh applicationh ofh (saidh variable)h wouldh complementh manyh eventsh thath areh
likelyh toh haveh ah higherh numberh ofh youngerh participants.h Theseh eventsh wouldh includeh (buth
noth beh limitedh to)h careerh trainingh programs,h lifeh coachh sessionsh forh highh schoolh graduates,h
militaryh trainingh programsh forh incomingh cadets,h eth cetera.h
INTRINSICh SPIRITUALITYh ANDh GRITh h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h
h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h 6
References
Intrinsich Spiritualityh ash ah Contexth forh Motivation.h (2019).h Journalh ofh Organizationalh
Psychology,h 19(5).h https://doi.org/10.33423/jop.v19i5.2513
Duckworth,h A.h L.,h Peterson,h C.,h Matthews,h M.h D.,h &h Kelly,h D.h R.h (2007).h Grit:h
Perseveranceh andh passionh forh long-termh goals.h Journalh ofh Personalityh andh Socialh
Psychology,h 92(6),h 10871101.h https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.92.6.1087
Dutta,h U.h D.,h &h Singh,h A.h S.h (2017).h Studyingh Spiritualityh inh theh contexth ofh Grith andh
Resilienceh ofh College-goingh Youngh Adults.h Studyingh Spiritualityh inh theh Contexth ofh
Grith andh Resilienceh ofh College-Goingh Youngh Adults,h 3(9),h 5055.
Chopik,h W.h J.,h Newton,h N.h J.,h Ryan,h L.h H.,h Kashdan,h T.h B.,h &h Jarden,h A.h J.h (2017).h
Gratitudeh acrossh theh lifeh span:h Ageh differencesh andh linksh toh subjectiveh well-being.h
Theh Journalh ofh Positiveh Psychology,h 14(3),h 292302.h
https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2017.1414296
INTRINSICh SPIRITUALITYh ANDh GRITh h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h
h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h 7
George,h L.h K.h (2010).h Stillh Happyh Afterh Allh Theseh Years:h Researchh Frontiersh onh Subjectiveh
Well-beingh inh Laterh Life.h Theh Journalsh ofh Gerontologyh Seriesh B:h Psychologicalh
Sciencesh andh Socialh Sciences,h 65B(3),h 331339.h https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbq006
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