1 / 7100%
Running head: ANNOTATED Bales 1
Annotated Bibliography - Project Communica"on Plan
Kaylan Bales
Liberty University Online
Running head: ANNOTATED Bales 2
Burningham, G. (2016, June 2). Kevin Kelly and so1 singularity and inevitable tech advances.
Newsweek is a very trusted news source for news-related content and has been a magazine for nearly 80
years and has interests within that of interna"onal issues, technology, business, culture and poli"cs.
According to Burningham, “I would say that technology in its current history, the past, now, the future, is
a re8ec"on of the divine. It is, in the same way that we might say nature is a re8ec"on of the divine, if
you believe in the divine as I do” (“Kevin Kelly on the singularity and inevitable tech advances”, 2016).
This source will play an important role because we must discuss the changes of technology before we
can even discuss that of a communica"on plan. Technology plays such a huge role in ensuring that
communica"on plans stay on target from that of using emails to that of using a Google Doc to ensure
that informa"on is conveyed correctly and "mely.
Dianova, Y. (2017, July 7). 6 steps to crea"ng an e<ec"ve communica"on plan. Axia Public Rela"ons, the
expert PR agency for na"onal companies. h>ps://www.axiapr.com/blog/6-steps-to-crea"ng-an-
The author of this ar"cle holds her Masters degree and is a public rela"ons professional who is skilled in
building rela"onships with target audiences. This ar"cle discusses the six ways to develop an e<ec"ve
communica"on plan. These six ways include performing a situa"onal analysis, deBning objects, deBning
key audiences, which may include members/non-members, clients, related associa"ons, educators, local
government oCcials, and media representa"ves; iden"fying media channels, establish a "meline, and
evaluate the results. The objec"ves of the plan needs to be SMART. This stands for SpeciBc, Measurable,
Achievable, Realis"c, and Time-focused. The Brst step includes situa"onal analysis, which includes,
“Conduct an audit to evaluate where you currently stand in terms of communica"ons. You need to
gather and analyze all relevant informa"on within your company(para. 1).
Running head: ANNOTATED Bales 3
Frost, S. (2020). How important are communica"on plans for project managers? Small Business -
Chron.com. h>ps://smallbusiness.chron.com/important-communica"on-plans-project-
This ar"cle was wri>en from the perspec"ve of a small business that would need project
managers and a communica"on plan. The author holds a Bachelors of Arts in Educa"on and has been
wri"ng research ar"cles since 2007 (About the Author). Communica"on plays an integral role in
keeping a project on task” (para. 1). By using this communica"on plan, the business can realize their
true goals and the needs for their business, which is really important in small business due to a much
smaller Bnancial pool than that of a larger corpora"on, such as Wal-Mart. The need for all
communica"on plans include expecta"ons, consistency, produc"vity, and outcome. The outcome is the
most important because it shows that the project was completed and the goal was met. “Without
proper communica"on with all stakeholders, you might fail to meet the requirements of the project. You
need clear communica"on from the stakeholders to Bgure out exactly what they want and need from
the project(Outcome).
Grant, A. M., & Meadows, J. H. (2016). Communica"on and Technology Update and Fundamentals (15th
ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Grant and Meadows give a detailed history of the establishment of the current social media network,
while also going into detail about the roots of where social media networking came from. Social media
networking began in the 1969 by a man named Jack Wilkins, who wanted to increase his father-in-laws
insurance business by allowing people to share computer Bles and ideas. This developed over the years
as personal computers became more accessible and less expensive for the general public and not just for
businesses. The boom for social media networking did not hit un"l the 1980s and through the early
1990s when bulle"n board systems (BBSs), such as America Online (AOL) were created for people to
meet and share ideas online within an online chat board.