15 slide powerpoint - Industrial Hygiene (+ title slide and reference slide)



Course Learning Outcomes for Unit II

Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:

3. Relate industrial hygiene practices to environmental health and safety programs. 3.1 Describe how industrial hygiene practices relate to safety programs. 3.2 Describe how industrial hygiene practices relate to environmental programs.

Reading Assignment

To access the following resources, click the links below:

Anderson, A. L., & Ferrell, W. E. (2010). Assessment of qualifications needed by environmental health graduates entering private-sector employment. Journal of Environmental Health, 72(9), 14-20. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.waldorf.edu/login?auth=CAS&url=http://search.ebscohost.com.libraryresource s.waldorf.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=49132044&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Minnick, W. D. (2013). Organizational reporting structure. Professional Safety, 58(10), 56-62. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.waldorf.edu/login?auth=CAS&url=http://search.ebscohost.com.libraryresource s.waldorf.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN=90518756&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Unit Lesson

The practice of industrial hygiene does not exist in a vacuum. Most work locations must also attend to safety and environmental issues. These three fields often overlap, both in practice and in how they fit within a facility’s organizational structure. How they fit will depend greatly on the size of the company. Most small or midsize companies do not typically have a full-time industrial hygienist on staff; therefore, the safety officer or environmental engineer may also be asked to manage the facility’s industrial hygiene needs. This arrangement will require the employee to know at least some industrial hygiene basics. If a small facility is part of a larger corporation, the corporate staff’s responsibilities may include industrial hygiene services to its remote facilities. Because the corporate industrial hygienist may only visit the facility one or two times a year, the safety officer or environmental engineer will be very important in identifying and providing information to the corporate industrial hygiene staff.

In some instances, workers’ compensation insurance carriers may provide industrial hygiene services to facilities covered under a policy. Under this arrangement, the safety officer or environmental engineer provides information to the insurance carrier’s representative prior to an industrial hygiene survey. The third alternative is for the facility to use an industrial hygiene consulting company. This will also require substantial input from the safety officer or environmental engineer.

Course/Unit Learning Outcomes

Learning Activity

3.1 Unit II Lesson Article: “Organizational reporting structure” Unit II PowerPoint Presentation


Unit II Lesson Article: “Assessment of qualifications needed by environmental health graduates entering private-sector employment” Unit II PowerPoint Presentation




Most small or midsize companies have an in-house safety function. The need for a full-time safety staff at these facilities is greater than for the industrial hygiene industrial hygienist function because there is typically a daily need to address safety concerns. However, because of the issues discussed above about utilizing outside industrial hygiene services, the in-house safety officer should have at least some working knowledge of the industrial hygiene field.

As with the safety function, small or midsize companies will have an in- house environmental function. Local staffing for the environmental function at a facility is important because environmental issues occur frequently. The environmental staff is less often tasked with providing oversight of industrial hygiene functions than the safety staff, but some facilities will have all three functions addressed by the same in-house staff. When this is the case, the three functions are often combined into one department called environmental, health, and safety (EHS); safety, health, and environment (SHE); or health, safety, and environment (HSE).

The most common organizational structure has the EHS function reporting to either the human resources (HR) department or the plant manager. In rare instances, the safety function reports directly to the production manager. This organizational structure is not recommended because it can lead to conflicts of interest between the safety function and production. Larger corporations will usually have an EHS staff that provides services to remote facilities on an as-needed basis, with annual facility visits to audit the quality of the EHS programs. Many consulting firms will offer industrial hygiene safety and environmental services, making it easier to develop professional working relationships between the two organizations.

While there are some differences between the three functions, there are also some overlapping functions, particularly between safety and industrial hygiene. The industrial hygienist and safety functions work to identify hazards, evaluate risks, and implement controls to protect the health and safety of workers. The main differences between the two functions involve the hazards they address. The industrial hygienist function primarily deals with health hazards, including chemical, biological, and physical health hazards. The safety function primarily addresses hazards that may cause traumatic injury or death, including falls, explosions, and electrical hazards. The environmental function deals with hazards affecting the environment, including releases to the air, water, and soil. However, many of the hazards identified by one of the functions can also have an effect on the other two. For example, a release of a toxic gas would impact the health of workers in the area but could also increase the risk of an explosion and affect the environment outside the facility.

Another difference in the three functions is how practitioners usually enter the field. Smaller facilities typically choose someone with little safety education who is already working at the facility to be a safety officer. This employee may then enroll in courses to gain a broader knowledge of the safety field. Some students enrolled in the OSH program at Waldorf fit this category. It is uncommon for an individual with no industrial hygiene education who is working at a facility to become an industrial hygienist or for an individual with no education in environmental sciences to become the environmental engineer. The requirements for certification by the Board of Certified Safety Professionals (BCSP) and the American Board of Industrial Hygiene (ABIH) make clear these differences.

To sit for the certified safety professional (CSP) examination, the BCSP requires an associate’s degree in safety, health, the environment or a related field, or a bachelor’s degree in any field. In addition to the

An industrial hygiene technician checks for volatile organic chemicals inside a confined space prior to workers entering the space. (U.S. Department of Energy, n.d.)



Title educational requirements, the applicant must have at least four years of experience (with safety being at least 50% at the professional level) and one of several qualifying credentials (BCSP, n.d.).

The requirements to sit for the certified industrial hygiene (CIH) examination are much more restrictive. The applicant must have at least a four-year bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited college or university in biology, physics, engineering, industrial hygiene, or safety, with a specified number of hours in science, math, engineering, or science-based technology. The applicant must also have at least four years of professional industrial hygiene practice and two written professional references (ABIH, n.d.).

Upcoming units in this course will introduce you to the concepts of industrial hygiene in a more detailed manner. If you have experience in the safety function, you will able to compare the basic principles of industrial hygiene to your work in the safety field.


American Board of Industrial Hygiene. (n.d.). Eligibility for certification. Retrieved from www.abih.org/become- certified/eligibility

Board of Certified Safety Professionals. (n.d.). Safety certifications at a glance. Retrieved from http://www.bcsp.org/Certifications/Safety-Certifications-At-A-Glance

U.S. Department of Energy. (n.d.). FEMP 03 712 [Photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/departmentofenergy/27903531031/in/photolist-ejHZtE-w4afS3- w7KdPY-JCyVEp-JvJTCB-MCP1mW-N9bqNG-N74Xq9-KC2ryJ-KZAq8R

Suggested Reading

To access the following resource(s), click the link(s) below:

This article discusses what employers expect from master’s level industrial hygienist.

Brosseau, L. M., Raynor, P. C., & Lungu, C. (2005). Employers' expectations of knowledge and skills of master's- trained industrial hygienists. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 2(1), 1-7. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.waldorf.edu/login?auth=CAS&url=http://search.ebscohost.com.libraryresource s.waldorf.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=20603499&site=ehost-live&scope=site

As the practitioners of industrial hygiene, safety, and the environmental sciences age, it is important to recruit a new generation of professionals. The following article discusses ways to recruit high school students to the safety field.

Jones, W. D. (2015). Recruiting future safety professionals: How can we make safety appealing to high school students? Professional Safety, 60(11), 22-24. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.waldorf.edu/login?auth=CAS&url=http://search.ebscohost.com.libraryresource s.waldorf.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN=110693578&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Some leading public health agencies developed a list of 10 essential services for public health. The following article discusses these core competencies and lists job classifications for the environmental professional and basic education requirements.

Oestenstad, R. K., Maples, E. H., & McCullum-Hill, C. (2008). The practice of the 10 essential services and abilities in the 14 core competencies of Alabama environmental health practitioners. Journal of Environmental Health, 70(10), 32-38. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.waldorf.edu/login?auth=CAS&url=http://search.ebscohost.com.libraryresource s.waldorf.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=32430962&site=ehost-live&scope=site




Learning Activities (Nongraded)

Nongraded Learning Activities are provided to aid students in their course of study. You do not have to submit them. If you have questions, contact your instructor for further guidance and information.

The American Board of Industrial Hygiene oversees the certification of industrial hygienists (CIH). Go to www.abih.org and review the requirements for sitting for the CIH examination. The Board of Certified Safety Professionals (BCSP) oversees the certification of safety professionals. Go to www.bcsp.org and review the requirements for sitting for the Associate Safety Professional (ASP) and Certified Safety Professional (CSP) examinations. The Institute of Hazardous Materials Management oversees one of the more common certifications for environmental professionals. Go to www.ihmm.org and review the requirements to sit for the Certified Hazardous Materials Manager (CHMM) examination.