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TestimonyPresentationFINALsample1.pptx

Contra costa county tobacco prevention coalition

COH 435 Coalition group testimony:

Student Names

Key facts

The Problem

Leading cause of preventable death

Kills more than 480,000 people each year; 41,000 die from secondhand smoke

For every one person that dies, 30 others live with a smoke-related illness

Can lead to long-term illnesses like:

Cancer

Heart disease

Stroke

Asthma attacks

COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)

Diabetes

Gum disease

Women who are pregnant and smoke are more likely to deliver a child too early, have a birth defect, or die from SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome)

Secondhand smoke harms children and adults. Only way to protect is to eliminate smoking in all areas

Secondhand smoke exposure happens mostly at home and the workplace, but can also occur in all public areas

Cigarette smoking is currently the leading cause of preventable death and disease in the United States. It kills more than 480,000 people each year. 41,000 of these deaths are of those who have been exposed to second-hand smoke (CDC, 2018). For every person that dies from a smoke-related death, an additional 30 people live with a smoking-related illness. Smoking can lead to long-term illnesses like cancer, heart disease, stroke, asthma attacks, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes, vision loss, Bueger’s Disease, and gum disease. Women who are pregnant and smoke are more likely to deliver a child too early, have a birth defect, or die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

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What has been written?

Smoke free environment policies protect non-smokers from second hand smoke

Studies have shown that smoke free workplace policies have helped individuals decrease smoking or even quit.

National Institutes for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommends a smoke free workplace which includes dissemination of education and not allowing tobacco products at worksite.

The focus of smoke free environment policies is to protect non-smokers from second hand smoke (CDC, 2018). Second hand smoke inhalation can come from two forms according the American Cancer Society (ACS). The first form of second-hand smoke is direct smoke from the smoker, and the second form is side stream smoke which includes a lit cigarette, cigar, or hookah. This type of smoke allows for the nonsmoker to inhale higher concentrations of carcinogens from the smoking device (ACS, 2015). Studies have also shown that smoke free workplace policies have helped with employees that are smokers to decrease or even quit smoking. According the US News, the second largest cigarette company, Reynolds America, is setting a smoke free workplace policy because as the Reynolds spokesperson David Howard said most employees and adults do not smoke and it is the right thing to do (US News, 2014 October 23). In a blog posted in 2015 by Dr. Weissman stated that the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) made recommendations for smoke free workplace which included dissemination of education of effects of smoking and secondhand smoke, not allowing tobacco items on worksite, offer support and smoking cessation to workers, and establish a complete smoke free environment. The solution is to create strong policies and enforcement to further prevent smoking and help adherence to such policies as mentioned by Dr. Weissman in his post.

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Work Presently done

American Lung Association and American Cancer Society have a tobacco-free environment policy.

American Cancer Society has a policy model that covers tobacco-free environments and that tobacco use is not permitted within the facilities and violations will be dealt with disciplinary actions.

American Lung Association offers a comprehensive wellness support program as well as workplace policies to help support a healthy workplace.

Some organizations such as American Lung Association and American Cancer Society have a tobacco-free environment policy, with the American Cancer Society having a policy model that covers tobacco-free environments and that tobacco use is not permitted within the facilities and violations will be dealt with disciplinary actions (ACS, 2018). The American Lung Association offers a comprehensive wellness support program to assist employers adopt as well as implement workplace policies to help support a healthy workplace (ALA, 2018a). The American Lung Association states that all workplaces should provide a 100% tobacco-free environment to make sure that their employees are working in a safe environment while breathing safe and healthy air (ALA, 2018b).

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Possible solution

AB 1097. State beaches and parks: smoking ban.

“Existing law makes it an infraction for a person to smoke a cigarette, cigar, or other tobacco product within 25 feet of a playground or tot lot sandbox area.”

“This bill would make it an infraction for a person to smoke, as defined, on a state coastal beach or in a unit of the state park system or to dispose of used cigar or cigarette waste on a state coastal beach or in a unit of the state park system, with certain exceptions, as specifically provided. The bill would establish a state-mandated local program by creating a new crime.”

Source: Glazer, Levine and Fletcher. (2017-2018). AB-1097 State Beaches and Parks: Smoking Ban. Retrieved From: http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billTextClient.xhtml?bill_id=201720180AB1097&search_keywords=tobacco

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Student name – AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY

References:  

HHS, Reducing Tobacco Use: A Report of the Surgeon General, Atlanta, GA: HHS, CDC, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health2000, http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/sgr_2000/index.htm. 

CDC. 2017. Second Hand Smoke

Student name- American nonsmokers rights foundation

Reference:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Smoking & Tobacco Use. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/secondhand_smoke/general_facts/index.htm

Student name-American lung association

References

American Lung Association. (2011, July). Trends in tobacco use. American Lung Association Research and Program Services Epidemiology and Statistics Unit. Retrieved from http://www.lung.org/assets/documents/research/tobacco-trend-report.pdf

American Lung Association. (2018). Health Effects of Secondhand Smoke. Retrieved from http://www.lung.org/stop-smoking/smoking-facts/health-effects-of-secondhand-smoke.html

Kim, S., Kang, S.-H., Han, D, Kim, S.-H., Kim, H.-J., Park, J.-J… Kim, C.-H. (2017). Relation between secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular risk factors in never smokers. Journal of Hypertension, 35(10): 1976-1982. DOI: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000001426

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