Topic: Increasing pollution issues in India


Discussion – Pollution Issues in India

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           Researchers have presented concerns over the issue of pollution in India and how it affects the nation's residents. According to an article by Gupta and Dhir (2021), winter encountered higher air contaminants than summer. The challenge with these differences is that the population suffers more health complications when these air contaminants are high in winter than at other times in summer. Sasmita et al. (2022) assert that the residents are 3 to 5 times more prone to health adversities of PM10 in winter than in summer. Gupta and Dhir (2021) found that the highest quantities of PM10 and PM2.5 were in the winter, whereas huge quantities of SO2, NO2, and CO were found in the summer. In terms of location, the cities had the greatest concentrations of SO2 and CO, whereas industrial regions had the highest amounts of PM10, PM2.5, and NO2. Similarly, Lechthaler et al. (2021) found more microplastics in places with great anthropogenic influences than in places with a minimal anthropogenic effect.

Evidence-Based Recommendation

           The pollution issue in India also has implications for policymakers of human and environmental health. Various stakeholders should formulate policies geared towards reducing the number of air pollutants. By doing further research on plastic contaminants, environmentalist can assess the sources of microplastics in rivers. Lechthaler et al. (2021) assert that this step would change the potential effects of microplastics on the health of the Indian population. The government of India, among other main stakeholders, should be at the forefront of protecting the health of residents. According to Bagepally et al. (2022), governments, industries, and civil society need to coordinate their efforts in minimizing air pollution and its impact on the population's health. Industries need to reduce the production of biohazardous gases in the atmosphere concerning the season.

           The kind of gaseous pollutants from industries is a concern that legislators in India should keenly consider. For more effective monitoring, Gupta and Dhir (2021) advise decision-makers and city planners to investigate the fundamentals of particulate matter. By differentiating the different causes of air pollution, city planners can effectively protect the health of their residents. Moreover, Lechthaler et al. (2021) recommend more extensive data collection on tutoring and transiting river microplastics under diverse climatic conditions to increase data efficiency. In order to address the health-related issue caused by PM10, Sasmita et al. (2022) urged attention to focus on controlling and preventing air pollution. Highlighting and specifying the kind of air pollutants can help deal with air pollution in India as a nation, especially depending on the season. Further, Bagepally et al. (2022) recommend increasing public awareness of the harmful impacts of air pollution on health and the importance of air pollution reduction for long-term sustainability and economic growth.


Bagepally, S, S. K., B. S., & Rakesh, B. (2022). Air pollution attributed disease burden and economic growth in India: Estimating trends and inequality between states . The Lancet Regional Health - Southeast Asia, 7, 100069.

Gupta, A., & Dhir, A. (2021). Spatial and temporal variations of air pollutants in urban agglomeration areas in Gujarat, India during 2004–2018. MAPAN, 37(1), 215-226.

Lechthaler, S., Waldschläger, K., Sandhani, C. G., Sannasiraj, S. A., Sundar, V., Schwarzbauer, J., & Schüttrumpf, H. (2021). Baseline study on microplastics in Indian rivers under different anthropogenic influences. Water, 13(12), 1648.

Sasmita, S., Kumar, D. B., & Priyadharshini, B. (2022). Assessment of sources and health impacts of PM10 in an urban environment over eastern coastal plain of India. Environmental Challenges, 7, 100457.