Comparing and Contrasting two Human Service Professionals



Introduction to

Human Services –

Chapter 5-7

Fall 2020 Instructor: Dr. Marisha Wright-Stewart


Chapter 5 Child Welfare


US Child Welfare System

● Child labor laws prohibit child exploitation in the workforce, and federal and state social welfare programs now exist that help to alleviate poverty and also help protect families from the impact of various catastrophes, such as natural disasters and health pandemics.

● C


Child Welfare Facts

● Civil Rights of 1964 and American of Disabilities Act have more protection than child welfare laws

● Still many disparities among certain ethnic groups ● Serious issues still protecting older youth ● Still many children being raised in non-relative



Federal and State Goals

1. to ensure the safety from abuse andn neglect 2. to ensure a permanent stable, loving home

(preferably with parents) 3. to ensure the well-being of a child as it relates to

their physical, emotional, mental, developement and educational needs


Legislations Created

● Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act

● Adoption Assistance ● Child Welfare Act of 1980 ● Adoption and Safe Families Act ● Safe and Timely Interstate

Placement of Foster Children Act ● Child and Family Services

Improvement and Innovation Act


Child Abuse Investigations

A mandated reporter only needs to suspect the maltreatment (abuse or neglect) of a minor to report and ask for an investigation. In most states, failure to comply to reporting is considered a crime (misdemeanor or felony)


Types of Maltreatment (Neglect) ● Failure to provide for a child’s basic needs. ○ Physical (e.g., failure to provide necessary food or shelter or lack of

appropriate supervision)

○ Medical (e.g., failure to provide necessary medical or mental health treatment)

○ Educational (e.g., failure to educate a child or attend to the child’s special education needs)

○ Emotional (e.g., inattention to a child’s emotional needs, failure to provide psychological care, or permitting the child to use alcohol or other drugs)


Types of Maltreatment (Abuse)

Intentional or unintentional: ○ Physical Abuse involves punching, beating, kicking,

biting, shaking, throwing, stabbing, choking, hitting with a hand, stick, strap, or other object.

○ Sexual Abuse - parent or caretaker that include fondling a child’s genitals, penetration, incest, rape, sodomy, indecent exposure, and exploitation through prostitution

○ Emotional Abuse - may include constant criticism, threats, or rejection, as well as withholding love, support, or guidance.


Impact of Foster Care on

Children and Families

Age of child Length of time in system Reasons for Placement

Permanency Plan


Separation Grief, loss, and mourning

Identity issues Continuity of family ties




● Work, support and train foster parents ● Reunification Process ● Family Preservation ● Understanding Disparities with Ethnic

Minority Populations and teaching foster parents the dynamics of disparities


Chapter 6 - Adolescent



Developmental Theories

● Human services discipline has moved toward evaluating children and adolescents through the lens of key developmental theories to better understand their behavior. No theory can be applied prescriptively to all people, in all eras, from all cultures, since the course of development is influenced by many factors on an individual and on a broader societal level.


Psychological Disorders

•Conduct Disorder (CD) •Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) •Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) •Depression •Anxiety •Non-suicidal Injury Disorder(NSSI) •Suicide and Suicidal Ideation •Feeding and Eating Disorders



•Individual counseling •Residential programs •Group homes •Juvenile Detention Centers •In patient psychiatric hospitals


Chapter 7 - Gerontology


Erik Erickson’s Developmental


● ● Erikson believed that adults over the age of 65 reflected on their lives,

taking stock of their choices and the value of their various achievements.

● Erickson’s wife created a 9th stage. ●

● Watch the video produced by Davidson Films, Inc., featuring a conversation with Joan Erikson on old age. How is the lengthening lifespan impacting the developmental stage of old age? ENHANCEDetext video example 7.2



Common Psychosocial Challenges

● Ageism ● Housing ● Homelessness ● Retirement ● Grandparents Parenting ● Depression ● Dementia ● Elder Abuse


Check out Video on Financial


"Watch the video produced

by Dan Rather Reports on a

case of elder financial abuse.

What role can human service

professionals play in working

with older adults who either

have been exploited

financially or are at risk of

financial exploitation?"

" yl3xdjQ"


Video Resources

● Depression - ● ODD - ● CD - ● IED - ● Anxiety - ● NSSI - ● Suicidal Ideation - ● Suicide - ● Eating Disorder - ● Ageism - ● Dementia vs Alzheimer's - ● Grandparents parenting -