HUMAN MICROBIAL DISEASE
- Define Pathogen
- Define Infectious disease
- Define Infection
- Define Primary Infection
- Define Secondary Infection
- Define Opportunistic Infection
- Define Accidental Infection
- Define Pathogenicity
- Define Virulence
- Define Virulence Factors
- Define Lethal dose
- Outline the 4 steps a pathogen must complete to cause an infectious disease
- What is the difference between direct and indirect transmission? Provide examples
- What is a common vehicle transmission? Provide examples
- What is the criteria for Airborne transmission? Provide examples
- What are 3 criteria about skin that makes it an effective barrier against microbes?
- What are 3 criteria about mucous membranes that makes it an effective barrier against
- List one example of how a pathogen might penetrate a skin or mucous membrane barrier
- Define Exotoxin and list at least 4 features they have
- Define Endotoxin and list at least 4 features they have
- List an example of a waterborne transmission disease
- List an example of a airborne transmission disease
- List an example of a contact transmission disease
- List an example of a vector transmission disease
- Influenza virus has an envelope that contains 2 types of protein spikes. Name and
- Why are spike antigens good at evolving?
- Name 3 characteristics about latent and slow (persistent) Viral Infections
- How are viruses able to bring about cancer cell division?
- Describe the difference between Viruses and Retroviruses in regards to cancer
- What is a vaccination?
- Define Attenuated Vaccines
- Define Inactivated Vaccines
- Define Subunit Vaccines
- Define DNA Vaccines
- Define Cutaneous Mycoses and its effect in humans
THE CONTROL OF MICROORGANISMS
- Define Sterilization
- Define Bactericidal
- Define Bacteriostatic
- Describe sterilization by heat
- Describe sterilization by irradiation
- Describe sterilization by filtration
- What is disinfection?
- List and describe 3 types of disinfectants
- Describe the Kinetics of Cell death
- Draw and describe the kinetics of cell death for any microorganisms.
- Define Antibiotic
- What is a key component of antibiotics?
- Define Infection
- Name 5 antibiotics and the diseases they are typically used for
- Name and describe 6 properties that antibiotics should have
- What are 4 ways that antibiotics work?
- Describe and give an example of disruption of cell membranes as it relates to antibiotics
- Describe and give an example of inhibition of protein synthesis as it relates to antibiotics
- Describe and give an example of inhibition of nucleic acid synthesis as it relates to
- Summarize in 5 sentences resistance to antibiotics
- Provide 5 examples and describe 5 different ways bacteria can be resistant to antibiotics
- Summarize in 5 sentences how bacteria resistance arises
- Describe the pros and cons between broad-spectrum and narrow-spectrum antibiotics in 3
- Define an Antiviral
- Why are antiviral drugs not as common as antibacterial drugs?
- List and provide a example of the 4 ways antivirals work
- Describe how Antifungals work
- List and describe 5 examples of Antifungal agents
- Why is it hard to target Antiprotozoal Agents?
- List and describe examples of Antiprotozoal Agents (At least 3)