Term Paper


HUM 220 O02N Final Exam Spring 2020 Page 1 of 2

This is an open-book, take-home final exam. It is designed to minimize internet use and maximize use of the assigned course readings and the suggested sources below. PLEASE READ THE INSTRUCTIONS, located on pages 14-16, BEFORE BEGINNING WORK ON YOUR EXAM ESSAYS.

Question 1 (required):

Congratulations! The year is 2024 and you have a new job as a History Tour Director. After years of students staying at home, colleges have converted from stationary physical campuses to RTUs (Road Trip Universities). Your job is to plan a road trip for college history students that develops a thesis or theses for a course covering the era from 1619 through 1877. Your road trip must include a visit to a total of 15 sites of historical importance to African-American history. You must choose several historical sites from the Nell Irvin Painter Creating Black Americans textbook we used throughout our course. You may also select historical sites from Solomon Northup’s narrative Twelve Years a Slave, Anne Moody’s memoir, Coming of Age in Mississippi, and any of the videos linked in the weekly modules in Canvas. You may consult any of the following for site visit ideas: the Library of Congress,[footnoteRef:2] the Smithsonian National Museum of African-American History and Culture (NMAAHC),[footnoteRef:3] the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture,[footnoteRef:4] the Amistad Research Center at Tulane University,[footnoteRef:5] the African American Civil War Museum in Washington, D.C.,[footnoteRef:6] the National Center for Civil and Human Rights in Atlanta, Georgia,[footnoteRef:7] or the Equal Justice Institute’s Legacy Museum in Montgomery, Alabama.[footnoteRef:8] You may also choose a site relevant to African-American history that I have approved via email. Don’t just summarize; explain why each site and its primary source will engage students, and how the sites develop your course’s thesis or theses. [2: Library of Congress, < https://www.loc.gov/>.] [3: The National Museum of African-American History and Culture, < https://nmaahc.si.edu/>.] [4: Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, < https://www.nypl.org/about/locations/schomburg>.] [5: Amistad Research Center < https://www.amistadresearchcenter.org/>.] [6: African American Civil War Museum, < https://www.afroamcivilwar.org/about-us/memorial-museum-history.html>.] [7: National Center for Civil and Human Rights, < https://www.civilandhumanrights.org/>.] [8: The Legacy Museum <https://museumandmemorial.eji.org/>.]

Question 2 (not required; extra credit)

Oral History Interview: Interview a person over age 70 about his or her experiences, and write an essay about your interviewee’s responses.

Here are some guidelines to keep in mind as you are conducting the interview: Clearly and accurately explain to your interviewee who you are, why you want to do the interview, and what will happen to the information you collect from that person. Be yourself. Don’t pretend to know more about something than you do know. Never record secretly. Don’t ask leading questions that suggest answers. For example, instead of asking “Wasn’t Norfolk a great town to grow up in during the 1940s?” ask: “How would you describe Norfolk as a place to grow up in during the 1940s?” Try to keep your opinions out of the interview.  Don’t begin the interview with questions about controversial subjects.  Don’t interrupt your interviewee’s answers.

General Question Suggestions[footnoteRef:9] [9: Oral History Questions and guidelines are from The American Folklife Center, <https://www.loc.gov/folklife/familyfolklife/oralhistory.html>; R. Reese Fuller <http://www.reesefuller.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Oral-history-questions.pdf> and Marine Corps University <https://www.usmcu.edu/Research/Marine-Corps-History-Division/About-the-History-Division/Oral-History-Branch/Oral-History-Primer/>. ]

What’s your full name?

When were you born?

Where were you born?

Were you raised there too?


What are some of your earliest childhood memories?

What was the greatest joy or sadness of your childhood?

Who were your childhood role models?

What were the things that you enjoyed as a child?

Growing Up

What kind of values do you think your parents instilled in you?

When did you consider yourself grown up?

Who were the people most important to you?


What was your first job?

What were your wages?

How long did you stay at this work?

What other jobs have you held? For how long?

What job did you like the best and which job did you like the least?


Describe your neighborhood or community.

What was most important to people in that community?

How has the community changed within your lifetime?

What were the gathering places in your neighborhood or community?

What did you do for fun?


What do you remember about your home and your neighbors’ homes?

Who were your neighbors?

Which relatives lived nearby?

What were the occasions for family gatherings?

What do you remember about them?


How much schooling did you get?

Where did go and for how long?

Did you attend school for the entire school year?

What did you like and dislike about school?

How were your parents involved in your schooling?

What kinds of things did you learn in school?

What were the major differences between your education and your parents education?


Did your family attend religious services?

Where? Who made up the congregation?

What were your religious leaders’ roles in civic affairs?

The Civil Rights Movement

Do you remember any particular controversy in your community/ neighborhood?

How was it settled?

Were there boycotts of businesses, schools, transportation?

When did you first vote?

What do you remember about people organizing voting?

How did you get local/national news?

Which newspapers or magazines did you read?

Who were the most important people in your community?

Who were the important black national figures to you in this time?

What was it like being black at that time?

Were there signs or symbols of segregation?

What were some of the differences you encountered? Schools, public places?

Who were some of the people fighting against segregation?

Who was fighting for segregation?

What role did women play in the movement?

What role did churches play in the movement?

Did the Civil Rights Movement affect your life? How?

Was there an NAACP in your community? If so, who belonged to it?

What were the main voluntary associations or clubs in your community?

Who could join them?

What did you think of the fraternal organizations and the sororities?

Do you belong to any organizations?

If so, how were decisions made at meetings?

How were conflicts resolved within the organization?

If Interviewing a Military Member:

Where were you born and when?

Was there any special relative, person, or event that led to your interest in the military?

When did you decide to become a military service member?

What made you decide?

Where did you attend high school and college?

What was your college major?

Do you have a spouse and children?

(Officers) When did you enter the USMC? ROTC/OCC/PLC?

Was there anyone notable in your TBS class (besides yourself)?

Did you attend a specialty follow-on school?


When did you enter the USMC/ ARMY/AIR FORCE/NAVY?

Where was your boot camp location, and what were the dates? (Be careful of being sidetracked by boot camp stories.)

(For all) What were your subsequent duty stations—and billets?

What were your combat assignments (or assignments following boot camp)?

Who were your commanding officers?

Who were your fellow officers or fellow service members?

Did any of your actions that result in combat award(s)?

Did any of your involvement in (events of historical interest that make you notable, such as amphibious landings, famous battles, or otherwise notable deeds)?

What was your opinion of (the enemy; enemy tactics; your unit’s performance; whatever makes the interviewee of interest to historians; fill in the blank).

When did you end your enlistment or retire from the military? What were some of your post-military activities?


The exam essay must be entirely your own work. You must cite all sources of information you use to write your exam essay, using footnotes.[footnoteRef:10] You must put every word that you yourself did not write in quotation marks. I encourage you to use the assigned course readings to write your exam. You may also use refereed sources (sources that have been written, peer-reviewed and verified by scholars or experts) from the TCC library website to contextualize your RTU (Question 1) sites. On the TCC library homepage click on the "Digital Resource Guide" link in the Alert box entitled “Library Services during the COVID-19 Pandemic.” You may access the library homepage via the following link: <https://libguides.tcc.edu/LibraryPage>. You may NOT use Wikipedia, nor use websites ending in .com or .net. [10: Please consult the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Writing Center site for information on how to cite sources in academic papers at the following link: <https://guides.lib.unc.edu/citing-information/chicago-notes-in-text>. Remember that all citations must include the author, title, source, date, and page numbers. If you are unsure how to add footnotes to your paper in Microsoft Word, please review the instructions at the following link: <https://support.office.com/en-us/article/insert-footnotes-and-endnotes-61f3fb1a-4717-414c-9a8f-015a5f3ff4cb>. ]

Your paper must be formatted in either Arial or Times New Roman font, in 22-point font, and double-spaced. At the top of your paper, include your full name, your VCCS email address, your course number (HUM 220 O02N), and the date that you are turning in the final exam. You may submit your final exam anytime between the morning of Monday, May 4 and Wednesday, May 6, but your final exam must be submitted no later than the morning of Wednesday, May 6 before noon.