Health and human science




Health and Wellbeing

Ayaa Mahdi

Definition of Health and Wellbeing

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as ‘a state of complete physical, mental

and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’ (WHO, 1948). Health is a person’s state of complete mental, physical, and social wellbeing. It’s the broad aspect of being psychologically, mentally, and socially fit and the interaction of all these factors in a person’s real-life situation. Ideally, they both go beyond the ideal of the absence of illness. Wellbeing will broadly mean person health and positive interaction and participation with the society (Thompson, 2020).

Problem-related to health and wellbeing

From the case of Williams and Sarah, we realize that there is a psychosocial problem. The two couples sharply differ not only in the way the children should be disciplined but also in the manner in which they were raised, which to a better extend has impacted on their social life as grown-ups. While Williams believes corporal punishment is good in correcting a child’s behavior, Sarah cannot start it and a conflict ensues. Their social setting differs and this results in a family that is marred with conflict about how to discipline their daughter.

The rationale to the problem

The problem seems to be rooted from their different background from which they were both raised. Williams was raised in a family that uses slaps and spanks to correct wrong behavior while Sarah was raised in a family which did not value corporal punishment. As a result, they cannot tolerate each other. While Sarah does not have any alternative to corporal punishment as a way of correcting behavior, she cannot tolerate it as she believes children raised with it assume violence and aggressiveness as a way of solving issues but Williams knows a little spanking is good for correcting child's behavior.

The 2 perspectives

Williams believes in corporal punishment for the correction of a child's behavior. As many hold, similar beliefs as William-they belief corporal punishment is effective in correcting behavior. Researches imply its effectiveness in changing behavior although it's widely opposed.

Sarah is strongly opposed to corporal punishment. She argues it's a form of violence and its impact on the children's beliefs of violence as the only means of solving problems is deleterious. While many have observed corporal punishment is effective, its impact is short-lived and may not be applicable for future applicability. Hence, the need to adopt alternative disciplining methods (Gershoff, 2018).

Event models

This problem may have been contributed by both psychological and societal occurrences. First, Willian is said to have spent all day long at work and he is tired and a bit upset. Their mental state is not in its fitness. The societal model could have contributed since the two couples were brought up from different families with different beliefs and attributes. While William has been spanked and beaten, Sarah’s family did not treasure corporal punishment and hence the course of family rift and conflict.


Misselbrook D. (2014). W is for wellbeing and the WHO definition of health. The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, 64(628), 582.

Gershoff, E. T. (2018). Corporal punishment associated with dating violence. Journal of pediatrics198, 322-325.

Thompson, V. L. S. (2020). Moving Beyond Mental Illness to Mental Health and Wellbeing. Long-Term Care.