Week 10

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CHNChapter31.pptx

Chapter 31 Women’s Health

Women’s Health

Proportion of females to males increases over the lifespan

Education

Employment

Poverty

Marital status/family configuration

Women’s Health (cont.)

Reproductive health and risks

Pregnancy and childbirth

Fertility rates continue to drop

Prenatal care

Patterns of health and illness

Women are generally healthier and live longer than men but miss more sick days from work

Leading causes of death

Heart disease, cancer, and stroke

Women’s Health (cont.)

Patterns of health and illness

Leading causes of death in women older than age 65 are heart disease, cancer, cerebro-vascular accident, pneumonia, and influenza

Women delay seeking care when sick because of family and work obligations, may not take symptoms of pain seriously, and may not pursue health care for themselves while focusing on the care of others

Mental health often overlooked

Health Issues

Issues during adolescence

Puberty

Menarche

Body image

Eating disorders

Sexual issues

Sexual identity

Contraception decisions

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Health Issues (cont.)

Young adulthood issues

Making career choices

Establishing relationships that may lead to marriage and pregnancy

Violent deaths, homicide, suicide, and accidents

Health Issues (cont.)

Perimenopausal/menopausal issues

Cardiovascular disease

Cancer

Osteoporosis

Priorities

Benefits/risks of hormone-replacement therapy (HRT)

Signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease

Cholesterol and blood pressure levels

Maintaining bone strength and density

Maintaining health weight and exercise

Mammograms and Pap smears

Health Issues (cont.)

Mature issues

Functional health

Independence

Autonomy

Career choices and lifestyles changes

Illnesses

Depression

Dementia

Urinary incontinence

Specific Disease Conditions Throughout the Lifespan

Cardiovascular disease

Cancer

Breast cancer

Osteoporosis

Diversity and Women’s Health

Cultural influences

Sexual orientation

Women and aging

Global issues and women’s health

Commission on the Status of Women

Special Issues affecting Women’s Health

Violence

Incarceration

Poverty

Workplace health

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Future of Women’s Health

Procedural knowledge

Constructed knowledge

Feminism

Empowerment

Healthcare policy

Women’s Health Equity Act of 1990

Family Medical Leave Act of 1993

Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010

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