# Kim Woods Only

precious_brat

Please do not delete anything from the template except for the words “you fill out”. Simply place your answers where requested below, and be sure to show and explain all of your work. Please also attach your Excel spreadsheet (required). This document contains a lot of information. Please read every word, all the way to the end J

1.     Using the Hamilton method of apportionment, determine the number of seats each state should receive.

 State Number of Seats 1 You fill out 2 You fill out 3 You fill out 4 You fill out 5 You fill out 6 You fill out 7 You fill out 8 You fill out 9 You fill out 10 You fill out

2.     Using the numbers you just calculated from applying the Hamilton method, determine the average constituency for each state. Explain your decision making process for allocating the remaining seats.

 State Average Constituency 1 You fill out 2 You fill out 3 You fill out 4 You fill out 5 You fill out 6 You fill out 7 You fill out 8 You fill out 9 You fill out 10 You fill out

·       What does Average Constituency mean?

·       What does it measure?

·       How is it calculated?

·       What is the process for allocating surplus/remaining seats?

HINT: see pages 533-534 of the textbook.

3.     Calculate the absolute and relative unfairness of this apportionment.

·       What two states will you be using for your calculations? Please state them here.

HINT: you can find the formulas in the textbook.

4.     Explain how changes in state boundaries or populations could affect the balance of representation in this congress. Provide an example using the results above.

·       Explain how changes in state boundaries or populations could affect the balance of representation in this congress. What can cause population increase? What can cause population decrease? What can cause state boundaries to change? How do all of these affect the balance of representation?

·       Provide a numerical example like I showed in the example document. Include and show all of your work. Include your original population numbers and seat numbers, and include your modified population numbers and seat numbers. Please explain all of your work very clearly (with written text and math work).

5.     How and why could an Alabama Paradox occur?

Please answer the question with at least 3 to 5 complete sentences. Please discuss both HOW and WHY it occurs.

HINTS:

6.     Explain how applying the Huntington-Hill apportionment method helps to avoid an Alabama Paradox.

Please answer the question with at least 3 to 5 complete sentences.

HINT: see Section 11.2 in the textbook.

7.     Based upon your experience in solving this problem, do you feel apportionment is the best way to achieve fair representation? Be sure to support your answer.

Hint: Note that “Apportionment” here refers to a method of dividing seats between states to achieve fair representation. And, Hamiltonian and Huntington methods are specific types of Apportionment. Here is a diagram to help illustrate:

Ways of achieving representation:

Apportionment                         Other types? (you will need to research these)

Hamiltonian                       Huntington-Hill

Method                               Method

of Apportionment              of Apportionment

Please evaluate the Hamiltonian method. Do you feel that it is fair? Why or why not? Cite examples from your work above and other examples that you find.

Please evaluate the Huntington-Hill method. Do you feel that it is fair? Why or why not? Cite examples from your work above and other examples that you find.

Please evaluate the Apportionment method as a whole. Do you feel that it is fair? Why or why not? Cite examples from your work above and other examples that you find.

8.     Suggest another strategy that could be applied to achieve fair representation either using apportionment methods or a method of your choosing.

Here are some examples of different methods that you might choose and discuss:

•           Jefferson’s method

•           Webster’s method

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Here is the grading rubric. Your goal is to achieve all in the orange column J

• 7 years ago
• 50