1. ______________ are systems where only routine
tranascation processing and information flow take place between two or more
organizations using a standard protocol, such as electronic data interchange
(EDI).

a.
E-CRM



b.
Interorganizational information systems



c.
Intrabusiness EC



d. B2B





2. Software tools that scout the Web for stores that sell
similar items at low prices are called:



a.
shopping portals



b.
shopbots



c.
shopping browsers



d.
intelligent search engines





3. From 2001 to 2006, a majority of e-changes:



a.
increased in size due to mergers of small e-changes



b.
expanded by adding business partners



c.
folded due to lack of customers, cash or both



d.
devised new methods to increase revenues and profits





4.______________ are popular online publishing technology
for creating a Web pages that can be edited by anyone with a standard Web
browswer.



a.
Blogs



b.
Point-casts



c.
Wikis



d. P2P





5. Infrastructures that support the wireless connection are:



a.
network access points, mobile communications servers switches, and cellular transmitters
and receivers.



b. WAP
gateways, GPS locators, and GPS satellites.



c. PDA's,
smartphones, and portable computers



d. Web
servers, mobile devices, and microbrowsers.





6. It is currently known that if a front-end application,
such as a Web site, is effectively secured then:



a. the
data itself may not be secure because back-end databases may not function as
planned:



b. the
data itself is secured by firewalls



c. the
data itself is secure because web applications are not targeted by attackers



d. the
data itself may not be secure because the application may not function as
planned





7. Solutions to problem to the supply chain for EC companies
are:



a.
generic across both EC and traditional companies



b. so
complex that most EC companies cannot afford to implement them



c.
critical during start-up but usually become manageable and insignificant as EC
companies mature



d.
usually unique for each EC company





8. All of the following are EC investments cases where
formal evaluation may NOT be needed
EXCEPT:



a. when
the value of the investment is relatively small for the organization



b. when
the relevant data are not available, are inaccurate, or are to volatile



c. when
the competitors have made that type of investment



d. when
the EC project is mandated and must be done regardless of the costs and
benefits





9. Which of the following statements about the rights to
privacy and free speech is NOT correct?



a.
Those rights have an increasingly important role in an information society and
to EC.



b. As with
all rights, the right of free speech is not unlimited.



c. The
internet has destroyed the right to privacy



d.
Defamation laws put restrictions on what may be freely said or published





10. A (n)___________ is defined as a group of people that
have some kind of commercial or business relationship such as the relationships
between sellers and buyers, buyers among themselves, buyers and suppliers, and
colleagues and other colleagues.



a.
affinity portal



b.
internet portal



c.
entrepreneurial network



d.
business network



2nd subject is Accounting for Managers



1. Which of the following is a characteristic of management
accounting?

a. it
must follow generally accepted accounting principles.



b. it
is used primarily by internal users



c. it
is concerned primarily with reporting past performance



d. it
uses historical costs as a sole measurement unit





2. An example of a period cost is:



a.
advertising cost



b.
indirect materials



c.
product design costs



d.
direct materials





3. which of the following is not an objective of product
costing systems?



a. to
provide information for cost planning



b. to
assist in the preparation of the income statement



c. to
determine the optimal amount of products to manufactures



d. to
provide information for product pricing





4. which of the following entities probably would use a
process costing system?



a. An
oil refinery



b. A
yacht builder



c. A
custom furniture company



d. A
custom screw manufacturer





5. Activity-based management includes all of the following
except identifying:



a.
customer satisfaction with a product or service



b. the
resources that are consumed by each activity



c.
activities as value-adding



d. how
resources are consumed by each activity





6. An insurance company pays its employees a commission of 6
percent on each sale. What is the proper classification of the cost of
sales commissions?



a.
constant cost



b.
variable cost



c.
mixed cost



d.
fixed cost





7. which type of budgeting utilizes employees at all levels
of the company?



a.
group budgeting



b.
selective budgeting



c.
target budgeting



d.
participative budgeting





8. Standard costs are useful for all but which of the
following?



a.
determining actual costs



b.
preparing budgets and forecasts



c.
evaluating the performance of workers and management



d.
helping to develop appropriate selling prices





9. an example of pricing objective is to:



a.
ignore long-term pricing strategies in favor of short-term profits



b.
increase market share irrespective of the cost of a product



c.
maintain a price that is always under that of the competition



d.
maintain a minimum rate of return





10. the overall objective of controlling the costs of
quality is to eliminate:



a.
appraisal costs



b.
costs of nonconformance



c.
costs of conformance

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