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Question 1 of 20


At what age is it typical for a child to begin testing the word “no”?


A. Infant

B. Preschooler

C. Toddler

D. School age 


Question 2 of 20


When using a constructivist approach to discipline, providing age-appropriate __________ for children is a way to show respect for them.


A. discipline

B. friends

C. choices

D. toys 


Question 3 of 20

5.0 Points

Missing __________ skills are the single most common cause of discipline problems.


A. debate

B. reasoning

C. behavioral

D. social 


Question 4 of 20

5.0 Points

Which question below can help a teacher or caregiver determine why a child is misbehaving?


A. What will this child’s consequence for misbehavior be?

B. Does this child need help with communication skills?

C. How long should this child stay in time out?

D. Is this child following classroom rules?


Question 5 of 20

5.0 Points

In order for children to master prosocial behavior, they must obtain and maintain friendships. The first step in this is:


A. learning to successfully enter play.

B. caring how your actions affect others.

C. willingness to work at perspective-taking.

D. prosocial behavior. 


Question 6 of 20

5.0 Points

Mrs. Runion is changing 2-year-old Caitlyn’s diaper. Mrs. Runion asks Caitlyn to get the diaper from the stack and hold it until Mrs. Runion is ready to use it. During the diaper change, Mrs. Runion talks to Caitlyn about the day, what they will be doing that afternoon, and thanks Caitlyn for handing her the diaper. Mrs. Runion’s goal is to:


A. demand obedience from Caitlyn.

B. use diapering time as a teachable moment.

C. show mutual respect to Caitlyn.

D. teach Caitlyn dependence on caregivers. 


Question 7 of 20

5.0 Points

In order to help children feel they have some personal power over their world, it is important to offer them choices and to say “__________” to them as seldom as possible.


A. no

B. yes

C. because I said so

D. maybe 


Question 8 of 20

5.0 Points

Physical movement increases __________ to the brain, helping children think well and focus better.


A. blood flow

B. carbon dioxide

C. vitamin C

D. antioxidants 


Question 9 of 20

5.0 Points

Autonomy and heteronomy are:


A. the same.

B. opposites.

C. similar in adults but not in children.

D. antiquated terms no longer used in education. 


Question 10 of 20

5.0 Points

A __________ approach to discipline emphasizes rewards and punishments to mold behavior.


A. constructivist

B. maturationist

C. democratic

D. behaviorist 


Question 11 of 20

5.0 Points

According to the authors of your textbook, teachers and caregivers should help children learn responsibility for their __________ and how to make wise choices.


A. punishment

B. classroom

C. belongings

D. behavior 


Question 12 of 20

5.0 Points

Which one of the following basic ideas is the foundation for the development of moral autonomy in children?


A. Mutual respect between adult and child

B. Children in full obedience of adults

C. Giving children rewards for good behavior

D. Solving children’s arguments for them 


Question 13 of 20

5.0 Points

The goal of the behaviorist theory of discipline is:


A. complete independence.

B. individual development.

C. moral autonomy.

D. obedience. 


Question 14 of 20

5.0 Points

The goals of discipline should be a positive self-concept, self-discipline, and:


A. obedience.

B. moral autonomy.

C. punishment.

D. manipulation. 


Question 15 of 20

5.0 Points

A child’s ability to control and regulate his/her __________ plays a big role in exhibiting acceptable behaviors.


A. friends

B. emotions

C. teachers

D. environment 


Question 16 of 20

5.0 Points

Mrs. Spencer is noticing behavior problems during her pre-school circle time. The group time starts well, and children listen to the story, but she cannot get children to behave for the entire 30-minute lesson after the story. This is probably because the children:


A. do not like circle time.

B. do not like Mrs. Spencer.

C. are being asked to sit too long.

D. cannot understand the story. 


Question 17 of 20

5.0 Points

Young children believe rules are sacred because:


A. they want to please their parents or other adult caregivers.

B. they are imposed by adults.

C. Both a and b

D. Neither a nor b 


Question 18 of 20

5.0 Points

Which statement about positive and negative attention is TRUE?


A. Giving a child negative attention will create a well-rounded adult who is confident.

B. A child who seeks positive attention will never try to get negative attention.

C. Positive and negative attention must be given equally in order for children to develop properly.

D. Many children who are not given positive attention for good behavior will misbehave to get negative attention.


Question 19 of 20

5.0 Points

Knowing how we feel about who we are and what we can do is:


A. self-concept.

B. self-worth.

C. self-esteem. 


Question 20 of 20

5.0 Points

In which of Erikson’s stages do children typically learn to read, write, think quantitatively, and work cooperatively?


A. Trust vs. Mistrust

B. Autonomy vs. Shame

C. Initiative vs. Guilt


D. Industry vs. Inferiority 


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