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Question 1. 1. (TCO 1) A common starting point in the budgeting process is _____. (Points : 5)

      [removed] expected future net income
      [removed]
past performance
      [removed]
to motivate the sales force
      [removed]
a clean slate, with no expectations

 

Question 2. 2. (TCO 2) Which of the following is not a qualitative forecasting method? (Points : 5)

      [removed] Executive opinions
      [removed]
Sales force polling
      [removed]
Delphi method
      [removed]
Classical decomposition

 

Question 3. 3. (TCO 3) Which of the following is not an example of a seasonal variation? (Points : 5)

      [removed] Increased restaurant sales on Fridays and Saturdays
      [removed]
Increased retail sales in the fourth quarter
      [removed]
Increased sales of jet skis in the summer
      [removed]
Increased sales resulting from a special promotion

 

Question 4. 4. (TCO 4) Which of the following statements regarding the risk associated with R & D activities is incorrect? (Points : 5)

      [removed] The amount of time between the R & D activity and the cash flows from the project does not affect risk.
      [removed]
Greater risk is associated with creating new products than with improving existing products.
      [removed]
Risk increases as the time between the R & D activity and the cash flows from the project increases.
      [removed]
Assessing risk is a vital part of research and development.

 

Question 5. 5. (TCO 5) Which of the following is true when ranking proposals using zero-base budgeting? (Points : 5)

      [removed] Nonfunded packages should not be ranked.
      [removed]
Adjustments are not allowed once the ranking is complete.
      [removed]
Due to changing circumstances, a low-priority item may later become a high-priority item.
      [removed]
Decision packages are ranked in order of increasing benefit.

 

Question 6. 6. (TCO 6) When using the payback period technique, the payback period is expressed in terms of _____.
(Points : 5)

      [removed] a percentage
      [removed]
dollars
      [removed]
years
      [removed]
months

 

Question 7. 7. (TCO 6) The accounting rate of return method is based on _____.
(Points : 5)

      [removed] income data
      [removed]
the time value of money data
      [removed]
market values
      [removed]
cash flow data

 

Question 8. 8. (TCO 6) A project that cost $80,000 with a useful life of 5 years is being considered. Straight-line depreciation is being used and salvage value is $5,000. The project will generate annual cash inflows of $21,375. The accounting rate of return is _____.
(Points : 5)

      [removed] 26.7%
      [removed]
45.5%
      [removed]
7.8%
      [removed]
18.74%

 

Question 9. 9. (TCO 6) Brady Corp. is considering the purchase of a piece of equipment that costs $23,000.
Projected net annual cash flows over the project’s life are as follows.
 

Year

Expected Cash Inflow

1

$3,000

2

$8,000

3

$15,000

4

$9,000


 
The payback period is _____.
(Points : 5)

      [removed] 2.63 years
      [removed]
2.80 years
      [removed]
2.20 years
      [removed]
2.37 years

 

Question 10. 10. (TCO 6) Hyde Inc. is comparing several alternative capital budgeting projects as shown below.
 

Projects

A

B

C

Initial Investment

$110,000

$90,000

$50,000

Present value of cash inflows

$100,000

$100,000

$60,000


 
Using the profitability index, rank the projects, starting with the most attractive.
(Points : 5)

      [removed] A, C, B
      [removed]
A, B, C
      [removed]
C, A, B
      [removed]
C, B, A

 

Question 11. 11. (TCO 6) A company has a minimum required rate of return of 9%. It is considering investing in a project that costs $175,000 and is expected to generate cash inflows of $70,000 at the end of each year for 3 years. The approximate net present value of this project is _____. (Points : 5)

      [removed] $177,170
      [removed]
$35,000
      [removed]
$17,718
      [removed]
$2,191

 

Question 12. 12. (TCO 7) Which of the following would not appear as a fixed expense on a selling and administrative expense budget? (Points : 5)

      [removed] Freight-out
      [removed]
Office salaries
      [removed]
Property taxes
      [removed]
Depreciation

 

Question 13. 13. (TCO 7) If the required materials to be purchased are 18,000 pounds, the production needs are three times the direct materials purchases, and the beginning direct materials are three and a half times the direct materials purchases, what are the desired ending direct materials in pounds? (Points : 5)

      [removed] 45,000
      [removed]
9,000
      [removed]
27,000
      [removed]
18,000

 

Question 14. 14. (TCO 8) Which of the following is not a cause of profit variance? (Points : 5)

      [removed] Changes in sales price
      [removed]
Changes in sales mix
      [removed]
Changes in sales volume
      [removed]
All of the above are causes of profit variance.

 

Question 15. 15. (TCO 9) A static budget _____.
(Points : 5)

      [removed] should not be prepared in a company
      [removed]
is useful in evaluating a manager's performance by comparing actual variable costs and planned variable costs
      [removed]
shows planned results at the original budgeted activity level
      [removed]
is changed only if the actual level of activity is different from what is originally budgeted

 

Question 16. 16. (TCO 9) Which of the following is not a cost classification? (Points : 5)

      [removed] Mixed
      [removed]
Multiple
      [removed]
Variable
      [removed]
Fixed

 

Question 17. 17. (TCO 9) Using the high-low method, what is the fixed cost for the following information?
 

Month

Miles

Total Cost

January

80,000

$96,000

February

50,000

$80,000

March

70,000

$94,000

April

90,000

$130,000

(Points : 5)

      [removed] $17,500
      [removed]
$36,000
      [removed]
$14,000
      [removed]
$50,000

 

Question 18. 18. (TCO 10) Which of the following statements regarding budget reports is incorrect? (Points : 5)

      [removed] The cost of budget reports should not outweigh the benefits.
      [removed]
Budget reports are used for planning, control, and information.
      [removed]
Reports prepared for upper management typically have fewer details than reports prepared for lower level managers.
      [removed]
Reports are prepared more frequently for upper management than for lower level managers.

1. (TCO 7) The first step in creating the master budget is the sales budget. Describe this budget and the information it includes. Why is the accuracy of the sales budget important? (Points : 20)

  

Question 2. 2. (TCO 9) Understanding how costs behave can help managers plan operations and choose between various courses of action. 
 
Part (a): Identify and describe the three types of cost behavior, including examples of each. 
Part (b): As a manager, which cost behavior would you prefer and why?
(Points : 20)

      

 

 

                                                

Question 3. 3. (TCO 6) Savanna Company is considering two capital investment proposals. Relevant data on each project are as follows.
 

 

Project Red

Project Blue

Capital investment

$400,000

$560,000

Annual net income

$50,000

$80,000

Annual cash flows

$100,000

$150,000

Estimated useful life

8 years

8 years

 
Savanna requires an 8% rate of return on all new investments.

Part (a): Compute the payback period for each project.
Part (b): Compute the net present value for each project.
Part (c): Compute the accounting rate of return for each project.
Part (d): Which project should Savanna select?

(Points : 30)

      

 

 

Question 4. 4. (TCO 7) Farris Co.’s projected sales are as follows.
 

August

$240,000

September

$270,000

October

$330,000


 
Farris estimates that it will collect 30% in the month of sale, 50% in the month after the sale, and 18% in the second month following the sale. Two percent of all sales are estimated to be bad debts. How much are Farris Co.'s budgeted cash receipts for October?
(Points : 30)

      

 


 

 

Question 5. 5. (TCO 8) Western Company’s budgeted and actual sales for 2009 were as follows.
 

Product

Budgeted Sales

Actual Sales

A

10,250 units at $16.00 per unit

12,130 units at $15.60 per unit

B

15,560 units at $12.00 per unit

12,940 units at $12.40 per unit


 
Part (a): Calculate the sales volume variance.
Part (b): Calculate the sales price variance.
Part (c): Calculate the total sales variance.
(Points : 30)

      

 

 

 

Question 6. 6. (TCO 9) The Mays Clinic has the following monthly telephone records and costs.
 

Calls

Costs

2,000

$2,400

1,500

2,000

2,200

2,600

2,500

2,900

2,300

2,700

1,700

2,200


 
Identify the fixed and variable cost elements using the high-low method.
(Points : 30)

      

 

 

 

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