1.Which of the following personality characteristics have been found to affect CEOs’ decision making and strategic choices?
a. Big Five
b. Machiavellian scale
d. Fiedler’s LPC

2.There are two common themes among all the individual characteristics that affect how CEOs make strategic choices.  These are:
a. individualism and collectivism.
b. Type A and MBTI.
c. challenge seeking and need for control.
d. external orientation and degree of self-focus.

3.Entrepreneurship, openness to change, transformational leadership, and futuricity are all part of which characteristic of upper echelon leaders?
a. external orientation
b. individualism
c. challenge seeking
d. risk-taking

4.How open a leader is to change and how willing he/she is to take risks is most important and relevant:
a. in small organizations.
b. during the formulation of strategy.
c. in times of crisis when high-risk decisions often pay off.

d. in certain environments.

1. Tolerance for diversity, extent of centralization, degree of employee participation, and organic city are all part of which characteristic of upper echelon leaders?
a. internal orientation
b. collectivism
c. need for control
d. risk-aversion

2. The CEO of the WC organization, Anna Lopez, has created a decentralized organization, encourages participation and diversity of opinion, and has put in place few uniform policies and procedures.  Based on this information, Anna is most likely:
a. an internally focused CEO
b. a collectivist leader
c. a CEO with low need for control
d. a leader who likes risk-taking

3. _________ are more likely to find it difficult to delegate task to their followers.
a. Experienced managers
b. Relationship-orientated leaders
c. Leaders who have trouble developing positive LMX
d. Type A leaders

4. Rackspace, a web hosting company, achieves its exceptional customer service by:
a. training its leaders and managers
b. relying on self-managed teams
c. delegating tasks to the best employees
d. building a relationship between leaders and followers

1. How many factors distinguish teams from groups?
a. two
b. three

c. four
d. five

2. Which one of the following distinguishes teams from groups?
a. Team members are accountable to a manager.
b. Team members share leadership.
c. Team members have frequent conflict.

d. Team members accomplish their goals.

3. Teams have all the following characteristics, except:
a. members share a common goal.
b. members trust one another.
c. members are accountable to a manager.
d. the team achieves synergy.

4. As compared to group where leadership is ________, in teams, leadership is ________.
a. temporary; permanent
b. assigned; shared
c. required; unnecessary

d. primary; secondary

1. In teams, members often share ________.
a. a culture
b. norms

c. history
d. personal experiences

2.Which one of the following is not one of the characteristics of self-managed teams? 
a. power to manage their work
b. members with different expertise
c. absence of outside manager
d. ability to determine their work without consulting with others

3.Self-managed teams use leadership based on: 
a. cooperation
b. consideration
c. shared responsibility
d. facilitation

4.Which of the following is not one of the factors that contribute to the success of teams?
a. careful selection of team members
b. commitment to a team goal
c. complex tasks
d. competition

1. What length of material do you need to purchase for the dress portion of the outfit?
A. 82 in.
B. 41 in.
C. 70 in.
D. 91 in.

2. What length of material do you need for the jacket sleeves?
A. 21 in.
B. 36 in.

C. 27 in.
D. 54 in.

3. The fabric label doesn't say if the linen was preshrunk. You test the fabric for shrinkage and determine it needs to be shrunk. How do you do this?
A. Wash the material in cold water and dry on high in dryer.
B. Immerse the material in hot water and drip dry.
C. Wash the material in hot water and dry on high in dryer.
D. Immerse the material in warm water and drip dry.

4. Which shaping technique will add shape to a bodice?
A. Darts
B. Pleats

C. Gathers
D. Tucks


1. A client tries on a skirt. You check the side seams. They curve towards the back. What does this indicate?
A. The skirt front is too tight.
B. The skirt front is too loose.
C. The skirt back is too tight.
D. The skirt back is too loose.

2. You plan to attach a flat 1/2-in. button to a garment. The size of the buttonhole should be
A. 1/2 in.
B. 5/8 in.
C. 1 in.

D. 3/8 in.

3. You're sewing a child's nylon jacket. You notice the fabric frays easily. Which would be your best buttonhole option?
A. Bound buttonhole
B. Jetted and piped buttonhole
C. Machine-stitched worked buttonhole
D. Hand worked buttonhole with iron-on tape

4. When attaching a button on a man's overcoat, you can best reduce heavy strain on the button by reinforcing the button with
A. a smaller button on the inside.
B. silk thread.

C. extra stitches sewn through button.
D. a wooden button.



    • 10 years ago
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